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English: Themistocles (Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς; "Glory of the Law"); c. 524–459 BC, was an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy, along with his great rival Aristides. As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility. Elected archon in 493 BC, he took steps to increase the naval power of Athens, which would be a recurring theme in his political career. During the first Persian invasion of Greece, he fought at the Battle of Marathon, and was possibly one of the 10 Athenian strategoi (generals) in that battle.

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Athenian statesman
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Date of birth524 BC (statement with Gregorian date earlier than 1584)
Date of death459 BC
Magnesia on the Maeander
Cause of death
Country of citizenship
Position held
  • eponymous archon (492 BC, 491 BC)
  • Strategos
  • Abrotonum
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Media in category "Themistocles"

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