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English: An ultramicroscope is a dark field microscope specialized for detecting tiny particles which may be smaller than the microscopic resolution. The ultramicroscope system is based on light scattering, not light reflection. The particles to be observed are dispersed in a liquid or gas colloid (or less often in a coarser suspension). In the "slit ultramicroscope", the colloid is placed in a light-absorbing, dark enclosure, and illuminated with a convergent beam of intense light entering from one side. Light hitting the colloid particles will get scattered. In discussions about light scattering, the converging beam is called a "Tyndall cone". The scene is viewed through an ordinary microscope placed at right angles to the direction of the lightbeam. Under the microscope, the individual particles will appear as small fuzzy spots of light moving irregularly. The spots are inherently fuzzy because light scattering produces fuzzier images than light reflection. The particles are in Brownian motion in most kinds of liquid and gas colloids, which causes the movement of the spots. The ultramicroscope system can also be used to observe tiny nontransparent particles dispersed in a transparent solid or gel.
中文(简体): 超显微镜,别称暗视场显微镜。
Ultramicroscopio (it); Ультрамикроскоп (ky); Ultramikroskop (nn); Ультрамикроскоп (ru); Ultramikroskop (de-ch); Ultramikroskop (de); 限外顕微鏡 (ja); ultramicroscope (en-gb); مجهر فوقي (ar); 超显微镜 (zh); Ултрамикроскоп (sr); ultramicroscope (en); 超顯微鏡 (zh-hk); Ultramikroskop (uz); אולטרמיקרוסקופ (he); Ultramikroskop (sk); Ultramikroskop (pl); Ультрамікроскоп (uk); Ultramicroscoop (nl); 超顯微鏡 (zh-hant); अतिसूक्ष्मदर्शी (hi); അതിസൂക്ഷ്മദർശിനി (ml); 한외현미경 (ko); Ультрамикроскоп (kk); Ultramicroscope (en-ca); 超显微镜 (zh-hans); Ultramikroskop (sv) type of high-resolution microscope (en-gb); type of high-resolution microscope (en); spezielle Form eines Dunkelfeldmikroskops (de); 고해상도 현미경의 일종 (ko) Ultramikroskopet (sv); Ultramikroskopie (de); Ultramicroscope (ml); Ультрамикроскопия (ru)
type of high-resolution microscope
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Media in category "Ultramicroscopes"

The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total.