Darius I of Persia
- Deutsch: Dareios I. war ein persischer Großkönig.
- English: Darius I, Achaemenid King of Persia.
- Polski: Dariusz I Wielki (ok. 550-486 p.n.e.) król perski (szachinszach) z dynastii Achemenidów panujący od 521 do 486 p.n.e., syn Hystaspesa (Wisztaspa). Jego żoną była Atossa, córka Cyrusa Starszego.
- Italiano: Dario I fu un Gran Re di Persia vissuto nel VI-V secolo a.C.
Darius from a Persian relief.
Drawing of a Greek vase depicting Darius I
Darius statue. 5th Century B.C. Discovered in 1972. H (without head):2.36 m. Inscriptions in cuneiform, old persian, akkadian on the right, in hieroglyphs on the left. The statue was made upon the orders of Darius to be placed in Heliopolis (Atoum's temple) to show the man who sees it that "persian man took Egypt". Xerxes brought it back to Susa after having broken a riot in Egypt.
The Behistun Inscription, carved into a cliffside, gives the same text in three languages, telling the story of King Darius' conquests. It is illustrated by life-sized carved images of King Darius with other figures in attendance.
Transcription of a part of the Behistun inscription
The text in three languages
Letter from Darius the Great to Gadatas, satrap in Ionia, about his management of a paradise (royal garden). Greek copy made during the Roman Era, found near Magnesia ad Mæandrum.
Campaniform column base. Limestone, found in the Apadana (audience chamber of Darius' palace) tell, c. 510 BC. Bears a trilingual inscription (Old Persian, Elamite, Babylonian): “I, Darius, the Great King, King of kings.” The Old Persian versions adds: “son of Hytaspes”
Meeting Scythian emissaries, Franciszek Smuglewicz, after 1785