File:Gene and Glenn Jake and Lena 1935.JPG

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Gene_and_Glenn_Jake_and_Lena_1935.JPG(640 × 600 pixels, file size: 63 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

English: Publicity photo of Gene Carroll and Glenn Rowling who were known for their "Jake and Lena" characters. The duo had an NBC Red Network radio show that aired six nights a week from the WTAM Radio studios beginning in 1933. In the days when these men were broadcasters, radio studios resembled living or sitting rooms. When it was in Chicago, Amos n' Andy was broadcast from a studio that was designed to resemble an English library at home. Thus it looks like they are broadcasting from someplace other than a radio studio. The copy on the back of the photo is hard to read but it says, "Gene and Glenn otherwise "Jake and Lena" of radio fame who headline Michigan Theatre bill this week."

When this radio show was on the air, most network programming originated from either New York or Chicago, so it was uncommon to have a network radio show broadcasting from Cleveland. It's also of note that the program was on the NBC Red Network, as it was considered the "premier", as opposed to the NBC Blue Network. In 1935, Amos 'n' Andy had only moved to the Red Network after some years on Blue. NBC had not yet fully established a Radio City West in Hollywood where many network shows from these cities would later relocate to. When NBC was forced to divest itself of one of its networks by an antitrust suit circa 1942, it chose to sell the Blue Network, which became ABC.

Date There is a date stamp of 19 July 1935
Source eBay item

photo front

photo back
Author The original owner of the photo is either NBC network or WTAM. Since a copy was provided for publicity purposes to the media for their engagement at the Michigan Theatre, it appears that the entertainers were also provided with copies of the photo for their own uses. There is no photographer mark on it.
(Reusing this file)

Pre-1978, no mark

Copyright details

  • The photo was taken at the radio studios of WTAM, which is where their program aired from for the NBC network. As above, at the time, radio studios looked a lot like living rooms or sitting rooms and were designed that way to put people, some of whom were not professional broadcasters, at ease and to try to make them feel more comfortable.
  • The fact that the performers distributed this photo to the media for personal appearances they were doing indicates that either WTAM or NBC provided them with a supply of copies of this publicity photo with the apparent idea that any publicity generated for the comedy team would also benefit their radio program and the network it was aired on.
  • No copyright marks are seen on the photo.
  • The dating makes the item well within the pre-1978 timeframe.
  • United States Copyright Office page 2 "Visually Perceptible Copies The notice for visually perceptible copies should contain all three elements described below. They should appear together or in close proximity on the copies.
1 The symbol © (letter C in a circle); the word “Copyright”; or the abbreviation “Copr.”
2 The year of first publication. If the work is a derivative work or a compilation incorporating previously published material, the year date of first publication of the derivative work or compilation is sufficient. Examples of derivative works are translations or dramatizations; an example of a compilation is an anthology. The year may be omitted when a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work, with accompanying textual matter, if any, is reproduced in or on greeting cards, postcards, stationery, jewelry, dolls, toys, or useful articles.
3 The name of the copyright owner, an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of owner.1 Example © 2007 Jane Doe."


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1977 without a copyright notice. See Commons:Hirtle chart for further explanation. Note that it may still be copyrighted in jurisdictions that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works (depending on the date of the author's death), such as Canada (50 p.m.a.), Mainland China (50 p.m.a., not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 p.m.a.), Mexico (100 p.m.a.), Switzerland (70 p.m.a.), and other countries with individual treaties.

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Original upload log[edit]

Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Magog the Ogre using CommonsHelper.

The original description page was here. All following user names refer to en.wikipedia.
  • 2013-10-09 03:32 We hope 640×600× (64610 bytes) brighter
  • 2011-09-24 01:21 We hope 640×600× (35574 bytes) Photo has been cropped and minor flaws fixed. Previous upload was for dating purposes and to show there are no copyright marks on it.
  • 2011-09-24 01:20 We hope 800×1290× (86980 bytes) {{Do not move to Commons|reason=While the image is clearly a promotional one made especially for public distribution, it carries no express NBC or WTAM markings. While it clearly does meet the public domain pre-1978 requirements, it may not meet the rest

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current09:24, 9 October 2013Thumbnail for version as of 09:24, 9 October 2013640 × 600 (63 KB)OgreBot (talk | contribs)(BOT): Uploading old version of file from en.wikipedia; originally uploaded on 2013-10-09 03:32:13 by We hope
09:24, 9 October 2013Thumbnail for version as of 09:24, 9 October 2013640 × 600 (35 KB)OgreBot (talk | contribs)(BOT): Uploading old version of file from en.wikipedia; originally uploaded on 2011-09-24 01:21:28 by We hope
09:24, 9 October 2013Thumbnail for version as of 09:24, 9 October 2013800 × 1,290 (85 KB)OgreBot (talk | contribs)(BOT): Uploading old version of file from en.wikipedia; originally uploaded on 2011-09-24 01:20:19 by We hope
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