A Gladiator (Latin: gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was a slave or professional fighter in ancient Rome.
Mosaic at the National Archaeological Museum in Madrid showing a retiarius named Kalendio (shown surrendering in the upper section) fighting a secutor named Astyanax. The Ø sign by Kalendio's name implies he was killed after surrendering.
A mosaic from Bignor Roman Villa.
The Gladiator Mosaic, on display at the Galleria Borghese, is one of the earliest known examples of contemporary art with gladiators as subjects.
The Zliten mosaic from Libya (Leptis Magna) c. 2nd century CE: A thraex and murmillo, a hoplomachus and murmillo (who is signaling his defeat to the referee), and a matched pair.
Two Venatores fighting a tiger. Mosaic in Great Palace of Constantinople.
Pottery and Glass
Terracotta, British Museum, Hoplomachus vs. Thraex.
Weapons and Metalwork
Venator fighting a Wild boar.
Jean-Léon Gérôme's 1872 painting Pollice Verso.
Recreation of a combat between a thraex and murmillo in the Carnuntum Roman ruins.