Macaques are found in more habitats than any other primate except for humans. Geographically, their range extends as far north as Japan (M. fuscata) and as far east as Morocco (M. sylvanus). Several species have adapted to city life.
The Barbary Macaque (M. sylvanus) is tailess and because of this is also known as the Barbary "Ape". Several other species may be refered to as apes due to their rudimentary tails, such as the Celebes Crested Macaque (M. nigra) or Black "Ape". Despite this, macaques are not apes and they are no more related to the apes than any other Old World monkey.
Macaca is a Portuguese word for monkey, which when generally used has no racial slur. Yet it is also used by the French (particularly those who had resided in North Africa), and often it is a racial slur directed towards people of darker skin.
Celebes Crested Macaque (M. nigra)
M. fascicularis group
Crab-eating Macaque (M. fascicularis)
Stump-tailed Macaque (M. arctoides)
M. mulatta group
Rhesus Macaque (M. mulatta)
Formosan Rock Macaque (M. cyclopis)
Japanese Macaque (M. fuscata)
M. sinica group
Toque Macaque (M. sinica)