Mandragora autumnalis

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Mandragora autumnalis Bertol.

Sources differ as to whether Mandragora autumnalis is distinct from Mandragora officinarum. Ungricht et al. (1998) regard it as included in M. officinarum.[1] Hawkes (1972) and Jackson & Berry (1979) regard M. autumnalis as the main species found round the Mediterranean.[2][3] Tu et al. (2010) regard it as found only in the Levant.[4] Both treatments that separate out this species regard Levantine plants as M. autumnalis.


  1. Ungricht, Stefan (1998). "A revision of the genus Mandragora (Solanaceae)". Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Botany Series) 28 (1): 17–40. Retrieved on 2015-03-31.
  2. Hawkes, J.G. () Tutin, T.G. , ed. Flora Europaea, Volume 3: Diapensiaceae to Myoporaceae, Cambridge University Press, pp. 199–200 ISBN: 978-0-521-08489-5.
  3. () The biology and taxonomy of the Solanaceae, London: Academic Press, pp. 505−512 Retrieved on .
  4. Tu, Tieyao (2010). "Dispersals of Hyoscyameae and Mandragoreae (Solanaceae) from the New World to Eurasia in the early Miocene and their biogeographic diversification within Eurasia". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (3): 1226–1237. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.09.007.