Pashtuns (some pronounce it as Pakhtuns), known historically as ethnic Afghans and in the Indian subcontinent as Pathans, are an ethnic group of approximately 50 million people who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The Pashtuns (Pash-tunes) usually speak their native Pashto language but many of them also use Urdu, Hindi, Dari-Persian, English, and other languages of the region for their daily communication purposes. The word Pathan is usually applied to individuals who reside outside their native land and have mixed with the South Asian culture.
Notable people who relate to the Pashtun ethnicity
Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi, the last ruler of the Lodhi dynasty of Delhi
Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan), founder of the Sur Empire in India during the 1500s
Shah Mahmud Hotaki, ruler of the Hotak dynasty who overthrew the heavily declined Safavid dynasty to briefly become the king of Persia from 1722 until his death in 1725
Dost Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Bhopal in India between 1723 and 1728
Shah Hussain Hotaki, son of Mir Wais and brother of Mahmud, was the last Hotaki ruler at Kandahar from 1722 to 1738