Pteridium aquilinum

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Smith System: DomainEukaryota • RegnumPlantae • DivisioPteridophyta • ClassisPolypodiopsida • OrdoPolypodiales • FamiliaDennstaedtiaceae • GenusPteridium • Species: Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn
Pteris aquilina L. (basionym)


Pteridium aquilinum subsp. aquilinum[edit]

Europe (except NE), SW Asia, NW Africa

Pteridium aquilinum subsp. pinetorum[edit]

NE Europe, C Europe (Alps & Carpathians), NW Asia

Pteridium aquilinum subsp. japonicum[edit]

NE Asia

Pteridium aquilinum subsp. latiusculum[edit]

N North America

Pteridium aquilinum subsp. pubescens[edit]

W North America

Pteridium aquilinum subsp. decompositum[edit]

Hawaii (endemic)



For subspecies treatment

  • Thomson, J. A. (2004). Towards a taxonomic revision of Pteridium (Dennstaedtiaceae). Telopea 10 (4): 793-804 pdf full text.
  • Der, J. P., Thomson, J. A., Stratford, J. K., & Wolf, P. G. (2009). Global chloroplast phylogeny and biogeography of bracken (Pteridium; Dennstaedtiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 96 (5): 1041-1049 pdf full text.