||This work was first published on the Tuvalu and is now in the public domain because its copyright protection has expired by virtue of the Copyright Act 1956 of the United Kingdom, which is used in Tuvalu. The work meets one of the following criteria:
- It is a sound recording or cinematographic work and 50 years have passed since the date the broadcast was made
- It is a television or sound broadcast and 50 years have passed since the date of its publication
- It is a photographic work work, and 50 years have passed since the date of its publication
- It is a posthumous artistic literary, dramatic and musicial work, and 50 years have passed since the date of its publication
- It is a artistic literary, dramatic and musicial work and 50 years have passed since the year of death of the author (or last-surviving author)
- It is a work created under the direction or control of [...] a Government department and 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
Per U.S. Circ. 38a.
, the following countries are not a participant in the Berne Convention
or any other treaty on copyright
with the United States:
- Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, San Marino and Somalia.
As such, works published by citizens of these countries in these countries are usually not subject to copyright protection outside of these countries. Hence, such works may be in the public domain in most other countries worldwide.
- Works published in these countries by citizens or permanent residents of other countries that are signatories to the Berne Convention or any other treaty on copyright will still be protected in their home country and internationally as well as locally by local copyright law.
- Similarly, works published outside of these countries within 30 days of publication within these countries will also usually be subject to protection in the foreign country of publication. When works are subject to copyright outside of these countries, the term of such copyright protection may exceed the term of copyright inside them.
- Unpublished works from these countries may be fully copyrighted.
- A work from one of these countries may become copyrighted in the United States under the URAA if the work's home country enters a copyright treaty or agreement with the United States and the work is still under copyright in its home country.
has enacted Chapter 60 : Copyright which came into force on 13 June 1917 which was amended
on 1978. They are joining the Berne Convention
effective June 2, 2017.