The word Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (dʑjen) (Modern Mandarin: Chán), which in turn is derived from the Sanskrit word dhyāna, which can be approximately translated as "absorption" or "meditative state".Zen emphasizes the attainment of enlightenment and the personal expression of direct insight in the Buddhist teachings. As such, it de-emphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher.
Zafu, traditional Japanese meditation cushion
Keisaku, cane to awaken sleepyheads
Zazen bell, with Enso circle
Looking for the Ox, first image in the Ox-herding pictures
"Sumi-e" ink wash painting (translation: No Spiritual Meaning)
Koan, teaching question (pictured: "Wu", or "nothing", potential answer to the Zhaozhou's Dog koan)
Śūnyatā, or "emptiness"