Aircraft carrier

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portaaviones; Flugmóðurskip; kapal induk pesawat udara; aircraft carrier; Самолетоносач; Uçak gemisi; طیارہ بردار بحری جہاز; hangarfartyg; авіаносець; 航空母艦; Avionala transportonavo; 항공모함; Авианосец; aviadila ŝipo; letadlová loď; Nosač aviona; Porta-avions; এয়ারক্র্যাফট ক্যারিয়ার; porte-avions; کاڤل ايندوق ڤساوت اودارا; אעראפלאנען שיף; विमानवाहू नौका; Tàu sân bay; aviācijas bāzes kuģis; Vliegdekskip; Tsin naaʼeeł chidí naatʼaʼí bee nágéhéʼ; Porta-aviões; Fligerdréier; Hangarskip; hangarskip; aviadaşıyıcı; ವಿಮಾನವಾಹಕ ನೌಕೆ; فڕۆکەھەڵگر; aircraft carrier; حاملة طائرات; Ygarata Pepo'atãrupa; လေယာဉ်တင်သင်္ဘော; 航空母艦; repülőgép-hordozó; વિમાનવાહક જહાજ; Hegazkin-ontzi; portaviones; авианосец; Flugzeugträger; Flugzeugträger; Porta-avion; Aeroplanmbajtësja; ناو هواپیمابر; 航空母舰; Fleandekskip; носач авиона; 航空母艦; Αεροπλανοφόρο; เรือบรรทุกอากาศยาน; Lentotukialus; Nosač aviona; נושאת מטוסים; Navis aëroplanigera; Portavion; वायुयान वाहक पोत; విమాన వాహకనౌక; ਏਅਰਕ੍ਰਾਫਟ ਕੈਰੀਅਰ; авіяносец; aircraft carrier; носач на авиони; வானூர்தி தாங்கிக் கப்பல்; portaerei; vliegdekschip; Hâng-khong-bú-lām; Lennukikandja; авіяносец; Ավիակիր; portaavions; lietadlová loď; Pòrta-avions; ගුවන් යානා ගෙන යන නෞකා; 航空母艦; porta-aviões; Lyftcræftbora; Iompróir aerárthach; 航空母艦; Lėktuvnešis; letalonosilka; авиаташыусы; авиаташучы; Douger-nijerezioù; Kapal induk; lotniskowiec; വിമാനവാഹിനിക്കപ്പൽ; 航空母艦; اوچاق داشی‌یان ساواش گمی‌سی; 航空母舰; Авиахикема; hangarskib; portaavións; 航空母舰; 航空母舰; Nosač zrakoplova; ကမ်းခြေလေတပ်စခန်းအဖြစ်တာဝန်ထမ်းဆောင်သောစစ်သင်္ဘော; hadihajótípus; buque preparáu con una pista pa qu'aterricen y despeguen aviones nél; nau de guerra dissenyada per permetre l'enlairament, aterratge i re-proveïment d'avions; Kriegsschiff, auf dem Militärflugzeuge starten und landen können; վերջրյա ռազմանավ, բարձր մանևրայնություն ունեցող լողացող ավիացիոն բազա; 以搭載戰機作為主要武器的海軍船艦; store krigsskib beregnet til at tjene som en flydende base for kampfly; vas de război de pe care pot decola și pe care pot ateriza avioane militare; 航空機を多数搭載し、海上での航空基地の役割を果たす軍艦; vojenská loď slúžiaca ako plávajúca základňa pre lietadlá; אוניית מלחמה; समुद्र पोत का एक प्रकार; 공군기지의 역할을 수행할 수 있는 전투용 선박; warship that serves as a seagoing airbase; воен брод; tipo di nave da guerra; বিমানবাহী রণতরী; navire de guerre; Loại tàu chiến chuyên chở, triển khai và thu hồi máy bay trên biển, là trung tâm hạm đội; r323; stort örlogsfartyg avsett att fungera som flytande bas för stridsflygplan; krigsskip med start og landingsbane for luftfartøyer; militŝipo, kiu kapablas porti kaj lanĉi militaviadilojn sur maro; warship primarily designed to carry, support, launch, and recover naval aircraft at sea; válečná loď určená jako plovoucí základna pro letadla; Kapal pembawa pesawat terbang; klasa okrętu; പ്രാഥമികമായി കടലിൽ നാവിക വിമാനങ്ങൾ വഹിക്കാനും പിന്തുണയ്ക്കാനും വിക്ഷേപിക്കാനും വീണ്ടെടുക്കാനും രൂപകൽപ്പന ചെയ്തിട്ടുള്ള യുദ്ധക്കപ്പൽ; Oorlogsschip dat is ingericht voor het vervoer, onderhoud en gebruik van (aanvals) vliegtuigen; sotalaiva, joka on tehty liikutettavaksi lentotukikohdaksi; buque de guerra; کشتی جنگی که به عنوان یک پایگاه هوایی شناور در دریا عمل میکند; Açık denizlerdeki bir çeşit donanma-hava üssü; barco de guerra; سفينة حربية تستخدم لحمل و إقلاع و هبوط الطائرات عليها; 以搭载舰载机为主要武器的军舰; класс военных кораблей, располагающий средствами обеспечения взлёта и посадки самолётов.; purtător de avioane; 空母; anyahajó; Hangarskip; vliegkampschip; portaaeronaves; 항모; CV; aviadiloporta ŝipo; 航母; വിമാനവാഹിനി
aircraft carrier 
warship primarily designed to carry, support, launch, and recover naval aircraft at sea
USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and HMS Illustrious (R 06) in the Persian Gulf on April 9, 1998.jpg
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Said to be the same asaviamatka
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Wikidata Q17205
GND ID: 4128512-8
Library of Congress authority ID: sh85002736
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID: 119593613
NDL Authority ID: 00566319
BNCF Thesaurus ID: 19001
NKCR AUT ID: ph122259
U.S. National Archives Identifier: 10638244
BabelNet ID: 00002276n
National Library of Israel J9U ID: 987007294599005171
KulturNav-ID: 64367931-3d80-4aef-bceb-647873194450
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Main category: Aircraft carrier

ships[edit]

with starting and landing strips and/or helipads

submarines[edit]

List of aircraft carriers in service[edit]

Country Navy Commissioned In reserve Undergoing trials Under construction Ordered Planned
 Australia  Australia Navy 02 2 0 0 0 0 0
 Brazil  Brazil Navy 01 1[1] 0 0 0 0 1
 China  People's Liberation Army Navy 01 3[2][3] 0 1[4] 2[5][6][7] 0 6[4]
Template:Country data Egypt Template:Country data Egypt 02 2[8] 0 0 0 0 0
 France  French Navy 04 4[9] 0 0 0 0 1
 India  India Navy 01 1[10] 0 1[11] 0 0 3
 Italy  Italian Navy 02 2[12] 0 1[13] 0 0 3
 Japan  Japan Navy 04 4 0 0 0 0 0
 Russia  Russia Navy 01 1[14] 0 0 2 0 1
 Singapore  Singapore Navy 0 0 0 0 0 1
Template:Country data South Korea Template:Country data South Korea 01 2 0 0 0 0 1[15][16]
Template:Country data Spain Template:Country data Spain 01 1 0 0 0 0 0
Template:Country data Thailand Template:Country data Thailand 01 1[17] 0 0 0 0 0
 Turkey  Turkish Navy 0 0 1 0 0 3[18]
 United Kingdom  United Kingdom Navy 02 2[19][20][21] 0 0 0[22] 0 0
 United States  United States Navy 20 2 1 2[23] 2 13

Commissioned carriers[edit]

Country Name (hull number) Length Tonnage Class Propulsion Type Classification Commissioned
 Australia Canberra (L02) 230 230 m (750 ft) 027100 27,100 t Canberra (modified) Juan Carlos I class Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 Australia Adelaide (L01) 230 230 m (750 ft) 027100 27,100 t Canberra (modified) Juan Carlos I class Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 Brazil Atlântico (A140) 203.4 203.4 m (667 ft) 021500 21,500 t Ocean Conventional VTOL LPH Template:Dts[24]
 China Liaoning (16) 304 306.5 m (1,006 ft) 059100 67,500 t Type 001 (Kuznetsov[25]) Conventional STOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts[2]
 China Shandong (17) 305 305 m (1,001 ft)[26] 070000 70,000 t Type 002 Conventional STOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 China Hainan (31) 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL LHD Template:Dts
Template:Country data Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser (1010) 199 199 m (653 ft) 021300 21,300 t Mistral Conventional VTOL LHD Template:Dts
Template:Country data Egypt Anwar El Sadat (1020) 199 199 m (653 ft) 021300 21,300 t Mistral Conventional VTOL LHD Template:Dts
 France Charles de Gaulle (R91) 262 262 m (860 ft) 042000 42,000 t Charles de Gaulle Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 France Mistral (L9013) 199 199 m (653 ft) 021300 21,300 t Mistral Conventional VTOL LHD Template:Dts
 France Tonnerre (L9014) 199 199 m (653 ft) 021300 21,300 t Mistral Conventional VTOL LHD Template:Dts
 France Dixmude (L9015) 199 199 m (653 ft) 021300 21,300 t Mistral Conventional VTOL LHD Template:Dts
 India Vikramaditya (R33) 283 284 m (932 ft) 045400 45,400 t Kiev class (Modified) Conventional STOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts[27]
 Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi (C 551) 180 180 m (590 ft) 013850 13,850 t Giuseppe Garibaldi Conventional STOVL Anti-submarine warfare carrier Template:Dts
 Italy Cavour (C 550) 244 244 m (801 ft) 027100 27,000 t[28] Cavour Conventional STOVL Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 Japan Izumo (DDH-183) 248 248 m (814 ft) 027000 27,000 t Izumo Conventional VTOL Helicopter Destroyer / Aircraft carrier (from 2021) Template:Dts
 Japan Kaga (DDH-184) 248 248 m (814 ft) 027000 27,000 t Izumo Conventional VTOL Helicopter Destroyer / Aircraft carrier (from 2022) Template:Dts
 Japan Hyūga (DDH-181) 197 197 m (646 ft) 019000 19,000 t Hyūga Conventional VTOL Helicopter Destroyer Template:Dts
 Japan Ise (DDH-182) 197 197 m (646 ft) 019000 19,000 t Hyūga Conventional VTOL Helicopter Destroyer Template:Dts
 Russia Admiral Kuznetsov (063) 306 306.5 m (1,006 ft) 055200 58,600 t Kuznetsov Conventional STOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
Template:Country data South Korea Dokdo (LPH-6111) 199 199 m (653 ft) 018800 18,800 t Dokdo Conventional VTOL LPH Template:Dts
Template:Country data South Korea Marado (LPH-6112) 199 199 m (653 ft) 018800 18,800 t Dokdo Conventional VTOL LPH Template:Dts
Template:Country data Spain Juan Carlos I (L-61) 231 231 m (758 ft) 026000 26,000 t Juan Carlos I Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
Template:Country data Thailand Chakri Naruebet (911) 183 183 m (600 ft) 011486 11,486 t Principe de Asturias Conventional STOVL Aircraft carrier (since 2006 used as a helicopter carrier) Template:Dts
 United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth (R08) 280 280 m (920 ft) 065000 65,000 t Queen Elizabeth Integrated electric propulsion STOVL Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United Kingdom Prince of Wales (R09)[29] 280 280 m (920 ft) 065000 65,000 t Queen Elizabeth Integrated electric propulsion STOVL Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78)[30] 337 337 m (1,106 ft) 101600 101,600 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Nimitz (CVN-68)[31][32] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 101600 101,600 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69)[31][33] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 103300 103,300 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Carl Vinson (CVN-70) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 102900 102,900 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 106300 106,300 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72)[31][34] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 106000 106,000 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States George Washington (CVN-73) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 105900 105,900 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States John C. Stennis (CVN-74) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 105000 105,000 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Harry S. Truman (CVN-75) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 105600 105,600 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States Ronald Reagan (CVN-76) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 103000 103,000 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 103600 103,600 t Nimitz Nuclear CATOBAR Aircraft carrier Template:Dts
 United States America (LHA-6) 257.3 257 m (843 ft) 045000 45,000 t America[23] Conventional STOVL LHA Template:Dts[35]
 United States Tripoli (LHA-7) 257.3 257 m (843 ft) 045000 45,000 t America Conventional STOVL LHA Template:Dts
 United States Wasp (LHD-1) 257 257 m (843 ft) 040532 40,532 t Wasp[23] Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 United States Essex (LHD-2) 257 257.25 m (844.0 ft) 040650 40,650 t Wasp Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 United States Kearsarge (LHD-3) 257 257 m (843 ft) 040500 40,500 t Wasp Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 United States Boxer (LHD-4) 257 257 m (843 ft) 040722 40,722 t Wasp Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 United States Bataan (LHD-5) 257 257 m (843 ft) 040358 40,358 t Wasp Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 United States Iwo Jima (LHD-7) 257 257 m (843 ft) 040530 40,530 t Wasp Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts
 United States Makin Island (LHD-8) 258 257 m (843 ft) 041649 41,649 t Wasp Conventional STOVL LHD Template:Dts

Carriers in reserve[edit]

Country Name (hull number) Length Tonnage Class Propulsion Type Commissioned Decommissioned Status
 United States Peleliu (LHA-5) 250 250 m (820 ft) 039438 39,438 t Tarawa Conventional STOVL Template:Dts 13 March 2015 Reserve Fleet
 United States Tarawa (LHA-1) 250 250 m (820 ft) 038900 38,900 t Tarawa Conventional STOVL Template:Dts 31 March 2009 Reserve Fleet

Carriers undergoing sea trials[edit]

Country Name Length Tonnage Class Propulsion Type Commissioning Status
 China TBD[36] 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL 2022 (planned) Undergoing sea trials
 India Vikrant (IAC-I)[11] 262 262 m (860 ft) 040000 45,000 t Vikrant Conventional STOBAR 2022 (planned) Undergoing sea trials
 United States John F. Kennedy (CVN-79)Template:Hsp[37] 337 337 m (1,106 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR 2024 (planned) Undergoing sea trials
 Italy Trieste[38] 245 245 m (804 ft) 032306 32,000 t Trieste Conventional STOVLTemplate:Hsp[39] 2022 (planned) Undergoing sea trials
 Turkey Anadolu (L-400)Template:Hsp[40] 230.8 m (757 ft) 27,436 t Juan Carlos I variant Conventional STOVL 2022 (planned)[41] Undergoing sea trials[42]

Carriers under construction[edit]

Country Name (hull number) Length Tonnage Class Propulsion Type Commissioning Status
 China TBD 320 m (1,050 ft) 085000 85,000 t Type 003 Conventional CATOBARTemplate:Hsp[43] 2023 (planned) Under constructionTemplate:Hsp
OOjs UI icon helpNotice-ltr-destructive.svg References for this description (or part of this) or for the depiction in the file are not provided.
 China TBD 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL 2023 (planned) Under construction[44]
 Russia Ivan RogovTemplate:Hsp[45][46] 333 220 m (720 ft) 14000 40,000 t Project 23900 Conventional VTOL 2026 (planned) Under construction
 Russia Mitrofan MoskalenkoTemplate:Hsp[45] 333 220 m (720 ft) 14000 40,000 t Project 23900 Conventional VTOL 2027 (planned) Under construction
 United States Enterprise (CVN-80) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR 2027 (planned) Under constructionTemplate:Hsp[30]
 United States Bougainville (LHA-8) 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,000 t America Conventional STOVL 2024 (planned) Under construction[47]

Carriers ordered[edit]

Country Name (hull number) Length Tonnage Class Propulsion Type Commissioned Notes
 United States Doris Miller (CVN-81) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR 2030 (planned) Template:Hsp[48]Template:Hsp[49][50]
 United States TBD (CVN-82) 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR 2034 (planned) Template:Hsp[48]Template:Hsp[49]

Other planned carriers[edit]

Country Name (hull number) Length Tonnage Class Propulsion Type Commissioned
 Brazil TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD 2029+ (planned)Template:Hsp[51]
 China TBD TBD 110000 110,000 t Type 004 Nuclear CATOBAR 2025+ (planned)
 China TBD[4] 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL TBD
 China TBD[4] 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL TBD
 China TBD[4] 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL TBD
 China TBD[4] 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL TBD
 China TBD[4] 237 237 m (778 ft) 040000 35,000 t Type 075 Conventional VTOL TBD
 France PANG 300 m (980 ft) 075000 75,000 t[52] PANG Nuclear[53] CATOBAR 2038+ (planned)[54]
 India Vishal (IAC-II)Template:Hsp[55] TBD 065000 65,000 tTemplate:Hsp[56]Template:Hsp[57] Vikrant ConventionalTemplate:Hsp[58] CATOBAR 2030s (planned)Template:Hsp[59]
 India TBD[60] TBD TBD TBD Conventional VTOL/STOVL 2026+ (planned)
 Italy TBD 330 200 m (660 ft) 20000 20,000 t TBD TBD STOVL 2025+ (planned)[61]
 Italy TBD 330 200 m (660 ft) 20000 20,000 t TBD TBD STOVL 2025+ (planned)[61]
 Italy TBD 330 200 m (660 ft) 20000 20,000 t TBD TBD STOVL 2025+ (planned)[61]
 Russia Shtorm 330 330 m (1,080 ft) 100000 100,000 t Shtorm TBD STOBAR 2025+ (planned)
Template:SIN TBD TBD TBD Modified Template:SclassTemplate:Hsp[62] Conventional STOVL TBD
Template:Country data South Korea TBD TBD 040000 40,000 t LPX-ii Conventional STOVL 2030–2033 (planned)[15][16]
 Turkey Trakya 231 232 m (761 ft) 026000 26,000 t Juan Carlos I variant Conventional STOVL TBD[63]
 Turkey TBD TBD 050000 50,000 t TBD TBD STOVL & CATOBAR TBD[18]
 Turkey TBD TBD 050000 50,000 t TBD TBD STOVL & CATOBAR TBD[18]
 United States TBD (CVN-83)Template:Hsp[49] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR TBD
 United States TBD (CVN-84)Template:Hsp[49] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR TBD
 United States TBD (CVN-85)Template:Hsp[49] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR TBD
 United States TBD (CVN-86)Template:Hsp[49] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR TBD
 United States TBD (CVN-87)Template:Hsp[49] 333 333 m (1,093 ft) 100000 100,000 t Gerald R. Ford Nuclear CATOBAR TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-9)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-10)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-11)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-12)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-13)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-14)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-15)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD
 United States TBD (LHA-16)Template:Hsp[47] 244 257 m (843 ft) 045693 45,693 t America Conventional STOVL TBD

Carriers currently being updated[edit]

Country Name (hull number) Class Propulsion Commissioned shipyard Date Started Date Completed
 Japan Izumo (DDH-183) Izumo Conventional Template:Dts Yokohama April - June 2020 TBD
 Japan Kaga (DDH-184) Izumo Conventional Template:Dts TBD 2022 TBD
 United States USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75) Nimitz Nuclear July 25, 1998 TBD 2024 TBD
 Russia Admiral Kuznetsov (063) Kuznetsov Conventional Template:Dts Murmansk 2017 TBD

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  1. Archived copy. Archived from the original on 2018-07-13. Retrieved on 2018-07-13.
  2. a b China brings its first aircraft carrier into service, joining 9-nation club. NBC News (25 September 2012). Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved on 25 September 2012.
  3. China Commissions a Type 055 DDG, a Type 075 LHD and a Type 094 SSBN in a Single Day.
  4. a b c d e f g Rick Joe (25 December 2020). Hints of Chinese Naval Procurement Plans in the 2020s. The Diplomat. Retrieved on 27 December 2020.
  5. Archived copy. Archived from the original on 2018-12-03. Retrieved on 2018-11-30.
  6. China begins to build its own aircraft carrier. washingtontimes.com. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved on 22 November 2016.
  7. China building navy's biggest amphibious assault vessel, sources say. scmp.com. Archived from the original on 15 May 2017. Retrieved on 1 May 2017.
  8. Cummins, Chris (2016-09-16). France delivers second Mistral helicopter carrier to Egypt. euronews. Archived from the original on 2016-09-19. Retrieved on 2016-09-20.
  9. Rapid Fire April 29, 2013: With New Defense Whitepaper, France Dodges Necessary Tradeoffs. Defense Industry Daily. Defense Industry Daily, LLC. Archived from the original on January 8, 2019. Retrieved on January 8, 2019.
  10. IISS 2010, p. 361
  11. a b India's first indigenous aircraft carrier INS VIKRANT(IAC1) is out for trials (in en-GB). Defence News India (2020-10-17). Archived from the original on 2020-10-18. Retrieved on 2020-10-18.
  12. Here Is Every Aircraft Carrier in the World.
  13. New Landing Helicopter Dock LHD Trieste for Italian Navy conducts sea trials (in en-gb). Navy Recognition. Retrieved on 2021-10-27.
  14. IISS 2010, p. 225
  15. a b South Korea Officially Starts LPX-II Aircraft Carrier Program. navalnews.com. Retrieved on 2021-02-05.
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