Horse spotting patterns

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There are two distinct types of spotting patterns of horses, one group known collectively as "pinto," the other as "leopard" or "Appaloosa."

Leopard or Appaloosa, Tigerschecke, Schabrackenschecke[edit]





Deutsch: Schabrackenschecke, Schabrackentiger
English: "Blanket" Appaloosa


English: "Leopard" Appaloosa
Deutsch: Volltiger
Svenska: Tigrering

Few Spot[edit]

Deutsch: Weißgeborener
English: Few Spot

Varnish Roan[edit]

en:Varnish roan



Other details[edit]


Also called blagdon, calico, piebald, skewbald, tricoloured, in various parts of the English-speaking world.


Tobiano on bay base color[edit]

Tobiano on black base color[edit]

Atypical black Tobiannos[edit]

Black tobiano heads[edit]

Tobiano on chestnut base color[edit]

Other base colors[edit]

Tobiano Equus hybrids[edit]


This term encompasses Frame, Sabino and Splashed white horses, as well as horses exhibiting a combination of these patterns Overo

Frame overo[edit]



Splashed white horses[edit]

In some parts of the world, the term "splashed white" is used interchangably with "sabino." Genetic studies to date have identified three splashed white alleles; one that is relatively common in several breeds (SW-1), and two that appear to be limited to only the American Quarter Horse and American Paint Horse (SW-2 and the quite rare SW-3)

The white patterns of sabino and splashed white have similarities, in that white legs and belly spotting are common for both patterns, and it is also possible that a horse could carry genes for both patterns. However, Sabinos usually do not have blue eyes, whereas splash horses often do. Splashed white patterns also tends to be smooth on the edges, while sabino markings tend to have jagged shapes, often with "lacy" or "roaning" patterns at the edges. Only one sabino gene, SB-1, has been identified to date, and it is not found in all sabino-patterned horses.

Minimum expression[edit]

Moderate expression[edit]

High expression[edit]



English: Sabino is a group of white spotting patterns in horses that affect the skin and hair. A wide variety of irregular color patterns are accepted as Sabino. Sabino patterning is visually recognized by roaning at the edges of white markings, belly spots, irregular face markings, especially white extending past the eyes or onto the chin, white above the knees or hocks, and "splash" or "lacy" marks anywhere on the body, but particularly on the belly. Some sabinos have patches of roan patterning on part of the body, especially the barrel and flanks. Some sabinos may have a dark foot or two, but most have four white feet.
Minimal expression sabino
Moderate expression sabino
High expression sabino
Sabino white

Minimal Sabino-Markings, Minimale Sabinoscheckung

("Fully expressed" Sabinos that carry two copies of the SB-1 allele appear to be white or almost white, with pink skin, but, usually, dark eyes)


Tovero horses combine Tobiano patterns with one or more of the overo patterns, but are horses predominantly white but with dark ears, at least one blue eye, and spotting on the flanks with random dark body spots elsewhere, particularly on the belly or by the tail. Tovero