The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was an industrial disaster that took place at a en:Union Carbide pesticide plant in the Indian city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. At midnight on December 3, 1984, the plant released an estimated 42 tonnes of toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, exposing more than 500,000 people to MIC and other chemicals. The first official immediate death toll was 2,259. The government of Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 3,787 deaths related to the gas release. Others estimate 8,000-10,000 died within 72 hours and 25,000 have since died from gas-related diseases. The Bhopal disaster is frequently cited as the world's worst industrial disaster. The International Medical Commission on Bhopal. was established in 1993 to respond to the long term health effects of the disaster.
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