Commons:Wiki Science Competition 2019/Winners

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Evaluation process[edit]

For more information about the selection procedure please go here.

National finalists[edit]

In this table you can find all information about national finalists (and eventually, national winners) of WSC2019.

Click on these page to know all information related to local jurors, timelines and finalists.

Australia · Estonia · France · India · Ireland · Italy · Malaysia· New Zealand · Poland · Portugal · Russia · Spain · Switzerland · Ukraine · United Kingdom · United States ··· The rest of the World

Second international round[edit]

The national finalists are selected in an intermediate round focused mostly on the originality and the image quality.

  • For the categories processed with Montage (people in science, microscopy images, wildlife and nature and general category), only the images with more than 6 out of 10 averaged votes are showed in this summary. All jurors gave a vote for 0.0 to 1.0 to every images.
  • The other categories (non photographic media, set of images) were processed with a xls file, and a different scale was used where all the jurors gave votes 10 (best) to 1 (worst) to their first ten choices. Files that were not selected by the jurors were assigned "0.0". The average is lower than in the previous case, and the 10-12 voted choices are shown.

Like with Wiki Loves Monuments, international and national juries can show different taste, especially when some juries are small. For this reason it possible that the second finalists is evaluated better than the winners at the international level.

Winners[edit]

The final winner and 4-6 runners-up were finally selected out of a final brainstorming from the finalists after the intermediate round, with some minor rearrangement based on

  • the quality of their scientific description;
  • the resolution and the presence of technical and scientific details;
  • specific strong criticism by jurors or the academic committee (e.g. very common idea);
  • use on wikimedia platforms (as of July 2020);
  • excessive similarity to the winners and runners-up of the previous edition;
  • a final balance of subjects and themes.

Please notice that in order to maximize the chance of every file, and due to specific taste of national and international juries, some files are categorized twice.[1]

People in Science[edit]

Georgia Mansell and Jason Oberling at the Pre-Stabilized Laser (PSL) enclosure of LIGO Hanford

Prize motivation: Troubleshooting is one of the most intriguing parts of research, although seldomly depicted. The image shows a lot of technical details highlighted by their color on the white background, while at the same time depicting the role of the people involved, all summarized in a composition balanced by clear geometrical pattern

Emojione 1F947.svg International winner
Nuvola USA flag.svg Nutsinee Kijbunchoo

I'm a physics PhD student based at the National Australian University, Canberra, Australia. I always thought black holes were cool but distorted space-time and gravitational waves got me hooked -- so I joined the LIGO Scientific Collaboration during my final year of undergrad in 2014. I was working as an operations specialist in the control room at LIGO Hanford, one of the two U.S. based gravitational-wave detectors, when the first gravitational wave was detected in September 2015. Couple years later I left Washington state to pursue a PhD in the Down Under. After having spent less than a year in Australia my advisor sent me back to LIGO Hanford to help construct and commission the quantum squeezing system (aka "squeezer") prior to the third observing run and again during the third observing run break. I would always carry a camera around for documentation purposes.

One of my hobbies happened to be street photography so unconsciously I would point my camera at people in addition to documenting the science for my thesis. On a rare day when I didn't have to work at my own corner, I followed Georgia Mansell (MIT PostDoc) and Jason Oberling (site detector engineer) into the Pre-Stabilized Laser (PSL) enclosure. It was my first time seeing the inside of one of the most guarded areas of LIGO. Inside the PSL is where the laser we use to detect gravitational waves generates. It is literally where it all begins. The system is capable of outputting 70-80 W of laser power so the room needs to be clean as dust and bugs can damage the optic coatings if they burn. While I was watching Georgia and Jason work I snapped this photo as the two were baffled by the low amount of light coupling into the new fiber coupler they just installed. Just like every other equipment, LIGO too needs to be maintained constantly.

When we read about scientific discoveries on the news or hear science talks at conferences often the human factor is neglected. LIGO isn't just a giant machine that listens to black holes and neutron star collisions. It takes decades and generations of scientists to get to where it is today. Routine maintenance is also required to keep the detector(s) operational. By sharing this photo with a wider audience via the competition I hope to bring humans back into science. Science is cool, I know, but after all it's the quirky human scientists that make the science happen and inspire generations to come.

International runner-up International runner-up
Weekly maintenance of the needles on the clinical chemistry module.
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola Italy flag.svg Chiara Marraccini
The office of the paleoanthropologist Stefano Ricci at the University of Siena.
Nuvola Italy flag.svg Stefano Ricci Cortili
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International runner-up International runner-up
Associate Professor in Estonian Geography Taavi Pae in his office.
Nuvola Estonian flag.svg Lauri Kulpsoo
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Junior researcher Andrei Kartoziia at the Samoylov Island scientific station.
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Alexey Faguet
Quality images logo.svg
International runner-up International runner-up
A prototype of a snake-like robot for endoscopic surgery: the i²Snake.
Nuvola France flag.svg P. Berthet-Rayne et al.
Wikimedia-logo.png
Heart valve prosthesis implantation. Amosov National Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery.
Nuvola Ukrainian flag.svg Lena Gulenko

Wildlife and Nature[edit]

A drone explores the canopies of a dense rain forest of Christmas Island for potential nesting sites for the endangered Abbott's Booby

Wikimedia-logo.png
Prize motivation: The use of technology makes the life of researchers easier when they are active on a real frontier, in the jungle. The image also invites the observer to engage in the same activity of the scientist on the field, with a simple puzzle to be solved, thus fulfilling the outreach goal of our competition.

Emojione 1F947.svg International winner
Nuvola Australian flag.svg Christina Lipka

I am a PhD student with La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, specialised in the field of seabird ecology. Amongst other researching goals I am currently working on a novel monitoring technique for the breeding population of the endangered Abbott’s booby (Papasula abbotti), which today is only known to nest on Christmas Island. I first experienced Christmas Island in 2010 as a field volunteer of a former seabird researcher from the University of Hamburg, Germany – where I studied Biology at that time. During one of multiple revisits in the years after graduating with a Master in Science, I was lucky to meet my present supervisor during one of his research field trips on Christmas Island which resulted in the opportunity to start a PhD project that focuses on one of the most charismatic seabird species and, for an ecologist, many technically interesting aspects.

This photo was taken during one of the initial trials to determine if we could detect Abbott’s Booby nests from the air with an off-the-shelf drone. A ground-based survey for this species is extremely labour intensive as Abbott’s Boobies breed sparsely in mostly 30-40 m high dense rainforest canopies with thick and sometimes difficult to traverse understory due to invasive species, historical forest clearing, and climate change impacts that altered the native forest over years. The use of a drone eliminates some of these difficulties but does not come without challenges. The high trees and the often small and rare tracks in the jungle of Christmas Island for drone operations while employing line-of-sight direction as per air traffic regulations are one of them. Nevertheless, we were able test this method for a good percentage of potential Abbott’s Booby habitat and we are hoping to present the results soon. In cooperation with the University of East Anglia in Norwich, United Kingdom, we are currently working on automated detection – an important step to proceed this methodology to an efficient tool for the population assessment of the Abbott’s booby.

Having searched for nests on many hundreds of photographs manually already, I still find the view from above to the dense rainforest canopies like a refreshing oasis full of clean oxygen, and personally am sometimes slightly jealous of the bird’s perspective to life. With this novel approach of drone technology applied to wildlife monitoring, I am honoured to share this view through the Wikipedia Science competition.

International runner-up International runner-up
Killer whales spyhopping to locate a crabeater seal on an ice floe in Antarctica.
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola USA flag.svg (Nuvola Antarctica flag.svg) Callan Carpenter
Wikimedia-logo.png
Aurora in Kandalaksha, Murmansk region.
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Gornaevv
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International runner-up International runner-up
Ringing of an Ural owl (Strix uralensis).
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Yana Dombrovskaya
Immature Phidippus jumping spider in Pennsylvania.
Nuvola USA flag.svg Ryan Kaldari
International runner-up International runner-up
Common Coot or Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) scoots across the water on Chambal River.
Nuvola Indian flag.svg Amitava Dutta
Caenolyda reticulata.
Nuvola Ukrainian flag.svg Gubin Olexander
Wikimedia-logo.png

Microscopy images[edit]

Cladoceran from Daphnia genus giving birth.

Cscr-featured.svg Wikimedia-logo.png

Prize motivation: Nature is life, and no message related to life is more powerful than birth. The image might be relatively know to a more specialized audience, but it is definitively attractive for the general public, thanks to the combination of the unusual topic with the mesmerizing color pattern, and it encourages to know more about reproduction in a phylum different than ours.

Emojione 1F947.svg International winner
Nuvola Polish flag.svg Marek Miś

I am a biologist by profession. I have been interested in photography since I was 12 years old. I was always interested in the world of small things, and that is why macro photography attracted me from the very beginning. The adventure with the microscope began a year or two later, when I dug out of my father's dusty and old Paul de Kruif's book "Microbe hunters." This book changed my life. Although I have always been interested in nature, reading this book directed my interests towards a completely different world, the one imperceptible to the naked eye. I wanted to discover the secrets of the microcosm.

I built my own microscopes, and what I saw through them, I drew. I drew primarily for myself, like many before me. In the early eighties I took my first black-and-white photomicrograph. Due to various problems of that time (hardware shortages, financial difficulties), I abandoned microphotography for a long time, until 2009, when I bought my first digital camera. Digital technology has opened up completely new possibilities for me. Since then, I have devoted myself to this field completely. I photograph not only for myself, I also want to show to others the undeniable and often surprising beauty of the microworld.

Sometimes, while we observe the world under a microscope, in addition to admiring the microcosm, we can witness certain biological processes happening here and now. We can, for example, observe the proliferation of protozoa by division or, the conjugation of the artery. With a bit of luck, we can sometimes observe the mystery of the birth of a new organism, as was the case with this winning photography.

The photo was made in a combined lighting technique - dark field and polarization. It is thanks to these techniques that the photographed object owes its rich colors. The photo shows more young daphnia waiting in the mother's breeding chamber to be born, to cope with its challenges, and a little later to release the next generation.

International runner-up International runner-up
Crystals, mainly sugar, in a dried Coca Cola droplet, taken with a microscope using cross polarization.
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola Russian flag.svg Alexander Klepnev
Cscr-featured.svgQuality images logo.svgWikimedia-logo.png
Eye of Chrysopidae (stacking of 30 frames).
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Грибков Михаил
Cscr-featured.svgWikimedia-logo.png


International runner-up International runner-up
3D projection of a Patiria miniata bipinnaria.
Nuvola USA flag.svg Natalie Carrigan
Wikimedia-logo.png
"Coffee ring" from aluminium oxide particles (150 nm) on cover glass coated with gold (thickness 20 nm).
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Мохаммед Аль-Музайкер, Таир Есенбаев
International runner-up International runner-up
Escherichia coli growing on Eosin methylene blue (EMB) media with its distinctive green metallic sheen.
Nuvola Australian flag.svg Gene Drendel
Surface oxides of conductive 3D copper structures visible under the microscope as a blueish glimmer.
Nuvola United Kingdom flag.svg David Pervan

Non-photographic media[edit]

Simulated polarization of Milky Way dust emission in microwave sky with a B-mode

Prize motivation:The nature of the universe is always an universal topic, presenting its study in a form that resonates with a famous artwork style is an effective way to introduce the observer to a complex scientific subject. The shape of the mountain also reminds us of the balance between the vastness of the cosmos and the limited constraints of our world.

Emojione 1F947.svg International winner
Nuvola USA flag.svg Uros Seljak

I am a professor of physics and of astronomy at UC Berkeley and my research focus is cosmology. One of the main goals of cosmology is to elucidate the origins of our Universe.

We believe our Universe started with a rapid expansion called inflation, during which tiny quantum seeds were imprinted into the fabric of spacetime, leading in time to creation of galaxies, stars and planets, including the Earth. To prove this theory myself and my colleagues proposed to search for B-modes, a spiral type of polarization imprinted in the microwave sky. However, Milky Way emits dust, which is also polarized, and scientists must learn how to distinguish the two signals.

This image was created by taking dust emission as measured from the Planck satellite and converting its intensity into a polarization pattern. The bright yellow band is Milky Way as seen in the microwave sky. A B-mode was imprinted into a single spot by locally rotating the dust polarization pattern by 45 degrees. A hilly landscape was added at the bottom to represent that many of the B-mode experiments are ground based, in places from Antarctica to Atacama desert in Chile.

This picture is a great example of a teamwork in science and could not have been made without the input of numerous people. Special thanks to the Planck satellite team who observed and made public the data this is based on, Susan Clark for the original inspiration, Yu Feng for the data processing and Andrej Berlot for the post-processing.

International runner-up International runner-up
In-depth characterization of Deinococcus radiodurans cell cycle.
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola Swiss flag.svg Kevin Floc’h
Wikimedia-logo.png
MRI self portrait.
Nuvola USA flag.svg Tomas Diaz


International runner-up International runner-up
Relief of Tenerife processed with the QGIS geographic information system and made from a digital LiDAR elevation model.
Nuvola Spain flag.svg Ángel M. Felicísimo
Wikimedia-logo.png
The growth of silver crystals on the surface of copper from a solution of silver nitrate.
Nuvola Estonian flag.svg Maxim Bilovitskiy
International runner-up International runner-up
Dripping with refractive index variation. The motion is created by a difference of surface tension between miscible fluids.
Nuvola France flag.svg Simon Raffy
RNA polymerase (purple) with one DNA double helix strand (darker orange) and RNA (green).
Nuvola USA flag.svg Maria Voigt and PDB-101, David S. Goodsell and the RCSB PDB
Wikimedia-logo.png

General category[edit]

Archeological campaign at Grotta dei Santi, a prehistoric site located in Tuscany and dated to the Middle Palaeolithic

Prize motivation: We can see in just one shot almost all the different technical and professional aspects of a paleoanthropology field campaign, blending perfectly with the beauty of the surrounding environment. The observer can appreciate much better all the facets that are not immediately visible in an object displayed in a museum. The context of its original location showcases the needed work to discover and valorize it.

Emojione 1F947.svg International winner
Nuvola Italy flag.svg Stefano Ricci Cortili

I am a technician at the Anthropology Laboratory of the Department of Physical Sciences, Earth and Environment (Research Unit in Prehistory and Anthropology) of the University of Siena and a member of the Fisiocritici Academy of Siena. Thanks to my skills in anatomical drawing, I have had the opportunity to do scientific illustrations and replicas of fossil specimens for Italian and foreign museums and magazines. I combined my artistic skills with a constant commitment in the academic field, as testified by publications in physical paleoanthropology in prestigious scientific international journals. Photography is also a very important part of my work and allowed me to do the cover images of the 2003 May issue of PNAS and the 2019 October issue of Nature - Ecology&Evolution.

My research group is focusing on the reconstruction of the behavior and subsistence strategies of past human populations, and is carrying out excavations in some of the key sites of Paleolithic Italy. This activity requires the work of many specialists from different disciplines, engaged both in laboratory activities and in the field. My photographs thus become a sort of trait d'union that fixes in time research phases, studied contexts and archaeological specimens from a distant past. Photographic documentation is fundamental in every phase of our research, not only in the lab, but also during fieldworks. This, in fact, represents the unrepeatable moment in which the finds (future research data) are extracted from the sediment that sealed them.

Behind every excavation there are people, stories and close collaborations between many different specialists. This is true in "ordinary" excavations but even more so in the more "special" ones, such as the prehistoric site of Grotta dei Santi (Municipality of Monte Argentario, Tuscany, central Italy), where this picture was taken. The site is in excavation by the Department of Physical Sciences, Earth and Environment of the University of Siena in collaboration with the Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio per le Province di Siena, Grosseto e Arezzo. Some of the last Italian Neanderthals dwelled in this site between 50,000 and 40,000 years ago. The cave is accessible only by sea, which gives to the site a breath-taking scenery. For logistical reasons, during the fieldwork, the life of the scholars takes place almost entirely in the cave. Each archaeologist has his own tent, the base camp is installed a few meters from the excavation area, where the Neanderthal campsites were set thousands years ago. A very immersive experience! In such an excavation, coordination and cooperation become indispensable. Among the numerous institutions involved, the Fire Brigade of Grosseto, which is present in this photo, is fundamental for the invaluable logistic support they offered to the team.


International runner-up International runner-up
Aerial view of the tributary of the Chusovaya river, Sverdlovsk region..
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola Russian flag.svg Vasily Iakovlev
Telescope's tower crane at Large azimuth telescope.
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Maria Plotnikova
International runner-up International runner-up
The road down from Teide volcano in Tenerife with the Milky way above it.
Nuvola Irish flag.svg (Nuvola Spain flag.svg) AstroAnthony
Environmental disaster in Levikha Village, because of the massive sulfide underground mine.
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Vasily Iakovlev


International runner-up International runner-up
Meteor, satellite and aeroplane over the Paranal Observatory, Chile, with a stargazer in the foreground.
Nuvola New Zealand flag.svg (Nuvola Chile flag.svg) Yourong Wang
Wikimedia-logo.png
Li-ion battery cell exploded after hitting it by hammer.
Nuvola Estonian flag.svg Tavo Romann

Image sets[edit]


Anatomy of plants stems: Viburnum opulus, Atragene sibirica, Secale cereale

Prize motivation: The intrisic beauty of the simmetry of the image and the consistent color pattern create a balanced set, but they convey also the importance of the sample preparation and the quality of images required for taxonomic attribution.

Emojione 1F947.svg International winner
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Anatoly Mikhaltsov


By profession, I am a biologist, a botanist, and a teacher. I have been doing microscopy for over 30 years. As a student of plant anatomy for a long time, I wanted to see beautiful color micrographs in textbooks instead of black and white drawings. I set a goal for myself: to produce high-quality microscope preparations for plant anatomy and obtain high-quality micrographs of plant sections. When you look through a microscope at a well-prepared colored section of a plant stem or root, this beauty is mesmerizing! Nature is a great artist!

I wanted to show this beauty to others. In the last century, I used a camera with color film, and I had to take a lot of frames, print photographs, most of which ended up in the trash can. Digital cameras nowadays allow you to immediately observe and capture the image from the microscope.

I have created a research laboratory for children called "Microcosm", where students are free to study the topic of the "little world". For many years I have been investigating plant anatomy, making original permanent preparations. Most of my slides are hand-made. Every year, in the summer, my students and I go on botanical expeditions, studying rare plants of Siberia. On the expeditions, we also collect material for future preparations.

There are several items in these photographs, all hand-made and prepared by me.

a) Cross-section of the vegetative shoot of Viburnum opulus L., a deciduous woody plant used in popular medicine. Cut diameter 5 mm, cut thickness 50 micrometers.
b) Transverse cut of the vegetative shoot of the Atragene sibirica L.. Vineyard Siberian is a shrub vine, reaching up to 4 m in length. This liana is a relic of the flora of the Tertiary. All tissues are visible on the sample: multilayer parenchyma, phellogen, phelloderm, vascular bundles with xylem and phloem, and cambium. Diameter 2 mm, thickness 50 micrometers.
c) Cross-section of the straw and leaf blade of Secale cereale L.. Lignified mechanical and conductive tissues are colored red. It was very difficult to make such a cut. Diameter 3 mm, thickness 30 micrometers.


International runner-up International runner-up
Special image treatment process of the "Vase of the Warriors" of Archena.
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola Spain flag.svg Ángel M. Felicísimo
Wikimedia-logo.png
Close-up photographs of insect heads.

Nuvola Estonian flag.svg Tanel Nook
Wikimedia-logo.png



International runner-up International runner-up
Simulations of magnetic field and density turbulence in collisionless accretion disk plasma around supermassive black hole.
Nuvola Italy flag.svg Giannandrea Inchingolo
Emblem-scales-red.svg set of images reconstructed by the national organizers.
Diatoms from ecosystems in the Moscow region. Images obtained with differential interference contrast.
Nuvola Russian flag.svg Alexander Klepnev

Wikimedia-logo.png

International runner-up International runner-up
Scientists entering into cave to monitor bats in Estonia.
Nuvola Estonian flag.svg Lennart Lennuk

Emblem-scales-red.svg set of images reconstructed by the national organizers.

Technique of rollout or perimeter photography, reconstructing artifacts with Microsoft ICE (Image Composite Editor)
Nuvola Spain flag.svg Ángel M. Felicísimo


Special Q-SORT prizes[edit]

Special prized by the EU-funded Q-SORT consortium. Q-SORT has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No. 766970 Q-SORT (H2020-FETOPEN-1-2016-2017).

Q-SORT Prize "people in science" Q-SORT Prize "microscopy"
Homeschooled Sofia (6 years old) is presenting her finished project on our solar system.
Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola Irish flag.svg VillieFlari
Transmission electron microscope image of a tightly-focused laser beam, showing the individual crests and troughs of its electromagnetic wave.

Emojione 1F948.svg Nuvola USA flag.svg Jeremy J. Axelrod
  1. For example with have a new "wildlife and nature" category, but some landscapes are also considered under "general", similarly certain jury accept images in the "people in science" category where only a portion of the body is visible, so they are sometimes included in other categories as well at the international level.