Commons:Fonti inaccettabili

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Bad sources and the translation is 54% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Bad sources and have to be approved by a translation administrator.
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Questa è una lista delle cosiddette "cattive fonti" che ospitano contenuti che inizialmente sembrano utilizzabili su Commons, ma che ad uno sguardo più ravvicinato risultano inutilizzabili o auto-contraddittorie. I file da una qualsiasi di queste fonti dovrebbero essere taggati con l template {{subst:nld}} ("no license") o con {{subst:npd}} ("no permission"). In questo modo i file saranno catalogati in una sottocategoria apposita di Category:Unknown

Lista delle fonti non affidabili

Alchetron

Alchetron combines Wikipedia articles with mostly non-free and frequently misidentified images grabbed from the Internet. There is a "CC BY-SA" notice at the bottom of every page, but this refers only to the text from Wikipedia, not the images. Clicking on an image on the site provides a "source" in the form of a "Visit Page" link, which is actually just a deeplink to the image file.

Beeld en Geluid wiki

Asserisce di utilizzare una licenza {{Cc-by-sa-3.0-nl}} per gli screenshot su cui non detengono il copyright.

Flags of the World

Le linee guida sul copyright di FoTW contiene molte restrizioni inacettabili per Commons:
  • ...uso per scopi non commerciali e non politici
  • se il materiale è distribuito attraverso canali diversi da internet (es:., floppy disks o CD-ROM) non puoi vendere questi file multimediali
  • devi limitare il tuo utilizzo di questi file a non più del 5% delle immagini o contenuti del sito web
  • you do not alter in any way the images or the content of the text
Non caricare nessuna immagine da questo sito.

Fotodatenbank.com

The usage conditions [1] are restrictive:
  • The images must not be provided for download (elsewhere) in the Internet. (original German: "Die Bilder dürfen nicht im Internet zum Download angeboten werden.")
  • The images must not be included in (other) collections of images. (German: "Die Bilder dürfen nicht in Bildersammlungen einverleibt werden.")
These are only two of more very clear hints, that this site is an unusable source.
While they claim to be licensing their images under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the page that links to it adds several more restrictions, namely,
The use of these images for advertising, marketing, or any other commercial purposes is prohibited. These images can be cropped, but may not be altered in any other way, and each should bear the credit line "© GM Corp."
Despite the text of the license they linked to from their licensing page, their intent is quite clearly to allow a non-commercial, no-derivatives attribution license, which is not acceptable on the Commons. Whether linking to the CC-BY license would invalidate these stated restrictions is a finer legal point than we are qualified to deal with; furthermore, even if this would lean in our favor, it is also good form to respect the intent of copyright holders, rather than try and catch them out on legal technicalities like this.
(On a related note, there are GM media pages such as this Chevrolet Austria video page which mentions "© Creative Commons Attribution 3.0" but which instead links to the CC-BY-NC 3.0 license.)

IMFDB

While the site ( http://imfdb.org ) clearly has an overall wiki-inspired design and mechanics that leads many to believe it conforms to the same GFDL or CC-BY-SA or free content licensing as Commons, that is NOT the case in reality. The problem is twofold:
  1. The photos taken by the site's admin (MPM2008) are certainly not freely licensed, and this author is known to go to great length to protect his copyrights. Also, it should be noted that not all of his photos carry any watermark and/or any copyright notice. These are certainly not suitable for Commons.
  2. On the other hand, the site's admins are very lax concerning other people's copyrights-while some files ARE really PD or freely licensed, most (excluding MPM2008's works) are grabbed from random sources (like press images or similar) and in most cases WITHOUT any attribution. It is also a common practice there to overwrite PD or freely licensed files with NON-free files of larger resolution while leaving the former file's attribution notice intact, causing users to believe the new file is also free, when in fact that is not the case...
Either way, these files seem 100% unsuitable for uploading here.

Morguefile.com

This site's license prohibits selling, licensing, sublicensing, renting, transfering or distributing of images without alterations. But modified images are free (including using for commercial purposes and using without attributing the original author). However, there is no information, if the license is revocable.

Mynewsdesk.com

  • Mynewsdesk.com is a site for marketers and promotional uploaders. Its default license is a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, but this is not adequately understood by their uploaders, who frequently post images for which they do not own the rights to release under the Creative Commons license. Consensus is to avoid using the site.

Netherlands Ministry of Defence

Per Commons:Deletion requests/Incorrect PD Netherlands (government works), commercial usage of the images at this site is not allowed. Therefore, though they may seem to be allowable here as government work, they do not fall within Commons scope per COM:SCOPE: Non-allowable licence terms.

Official PSD

"A community of graphic artists creating and sharing free raw image files!" - that's the slogan. The website is intended as non-commercial but they also allow for cc-by licensing. Regrettably they take their slogan's "creating" with a grain of salt. For example, Vince-Carter-Magic-PSD32033 (and all images shown as related images) are taken from elsewhere, published on other websites. The EXIF of this image states "Copyright Notice: Copyright 2009 NBAE (Photo by Fernando Medina/NBAE via Getty Images)". linksearch

Photobucket.com

Appears to consist mostly of uploads by people who do not have the authority to license the copyrights in them, or release the content into the public domain. The website also does not retain good sourcing metadata. Clause 6.1 of the Terms of Use Agreement (last reviewed on ) allows uploaders to mark their files as private or to delete them, which is declared to have the effect of terminating the license for reuse of the files by other people.

Pixelquelle.de

As with fotodatenbank.com, the usage conditions [2] are restrictive:
  • Images can be used (...) excluding collections of images or similar where PixelQuelle.de images can be downloaded or bought. (original: (...) "Ausgeschlossen hiervon sind Bilddatenbanken, Bildkataloge oder ähnliche, bei denen PixelQuelle.de Fotos zum Download oder Verkauf angeboten werden.")

Publico.es

Utilizzano (per il proprio lavoro) la licenza CC-by nc-nd' (sia per uso commerciale che per opere derivate), che non è compatibile con Wikimedia Commons.

Seebeforeyoudie.net

Anche se Seebeforeyoudie vi darà volentieri una liberatoria gratuita per le immagini sul loro sito, in realtà non hanno il diritto di farlo. Seebeforeyoudie accetta contributi aperti da Internet e non richiede ai propri utenti di accettare alcuna licenza al momento dell' upload. Non sembrano nemmeno fare uno sforzo per garantire che il caricatore sia il titolare del copyright. Come tale, qualsiasi affermazione che essi facciano in merito al fatto che le loro immagini siano liberamente concesse in licenza è, nella migliore delle ipotesi, inesatta.

skyscrapercity.com

Skyscrapercity (chiamato anche SSC) è un forum in cui gli utenti caricano immagini (spesso contenuti originali, a volte violazioni di copyright da Flickr ecc). Non è richiesta alcuna licenza libera per i caricamenti, quindi a meno che la licenza compatibile non sia esplicitamente dichiarata nel forum, o l'immagine sia nel pubblico dominio a causa degli anni, è richiesta una e-mail OTRS dal titolare del copyright.

Stock.Xchng

Vedi anche Commons:Stock.xchng images
Images sourced from Stock.xchng (sxc.hu) are not allowed on Wikimedia Commons, unless they are explicitly licensed under a free license. Preferably those permissions are recorded in OTRS. All Stock.xchng image that have not been independently released under a free license are subject to speedy deletion since July 1, 2007. See Commons:Deletion requests/Template:Sxc-warning and Template:Sxc-warning for more information.

U.S. National Laboratories

Although these are commonly assumed to be projects of the Federal Government of the United States, they are actually operated by government contractors and reserve copyrights on their works and may have different terms which might be incompatible with Commons' licensing policy.
Subject to receipt by Berkeley Lab of any required U.S. Department of Energy approvals, Berkeley Lab grants you, and you hereby accept, a non-commercial, non-exclusive, non-transferable, royalty-free revocable license to download, display, use and copy the image selected by you from http://photos.lbl.gov/ and provided by Berkeley Lab (collectively, the “Image”), subject to the following terms and conditions:
You may use the Image solely for your own non-commercial use. If you want to use the Image for commercial purposes please contact ipo@lbl.gov;
Non è consentito trasferire l'immagine senza il previo consenso scritto di Berkeley Lab;
L'utente può copiare l'immagine solo nella misura ragionevolmente necessaria per l'esercizio della licenza di cui sopra, a condizione tuttavia che:
è necessario riprodurre tutti gli avvisi di copyright e altri avvisi di proprietà o di riconoscimento su qualsiasi copia dell'immagine e non è necessario rimuovere o alterare tali avvisi;
tutte le copie dell'immagine saranno soggette ai termini del presente Accordo;
Non è possibile copiare o consentire altrimenti di fare copie dell'immagine.
L'utente non può utilizzare, noleggiare, affittare, concedere in prestito, sublicenziare, distribuire o trasferire l'immagine a terzi per scopi commerciali;
È consentito utilizzare solo fotografie del personale di Berkeley Lab, ad es.foto di gruppo, per scopi non commerciali ed educativi, limitatamente a quelli che implicano l'identificazione del ruolo dell'individuo nel Laboratorio o il suo coinvolgimento in specifici progetti o ricerche;
Berkeley Lab si riserva il diritto di recedere dal presente Contratto e di revocare il proprio consenso all'uso, alla visualizzazione o alla riproduzione continua dell'Immagine in qualsiasi opera, ed espressamente quando lo scopo di tale uso non porta avanti la missione didattica o scientifica di Berkeley Lab. [3]
Solo per le informazioni scientifiche e tecniche: © Copyright 2011 Los Alamos National Security, LLC Tutti i diritti riservati
For All Information: Unless otherwise indicated, this information has been authored by an employee or employees of the Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS), operator of the Los Alamos National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has rights to use, reproduce, and distribute this information. The public may copy and use this information without charge, provided that this Notice and any statement of authorship are reproduced on all copies. Neither the Government nor LANS makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any liability or responsibility for the use of this information.[5]

World News

Il sito sostiene che le immagini sono incluse nel PD, anche se sono protette da copyright. Vedi anche Commons:Deletion requests/File:773ER Pakistan.jpg.

World Stadiums

The site claims that you can use any of its images (which are watermarked) as long as references are made to their site.[6] It also does not explicitly allow free modifications of the image, which supposedly means no one can remove their watermark. The key point is that none of the pictures hosted on World Stadiums can be determined to be free of copyright. They do not attribute the authors of the pictures. Most of their photos are copyright violations (taken from forums, official sites, scans of magazines and newspapers, etc): cropped and resized copies of copyrighted images. Others are resized versions of images licensed under Creative Commons ShareAlike, but World Stadiums do not attribute the licensors as required by the license.

Vedi anche