Commons:Screenshots/it

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Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

Gli screenshot sono protetti da copyright se il programma mostrato o il sistema operativo è protetto da copyright. Per una discussione più dettagliata vedi qui. Quindi, gli screenshot non possono essere usati in Commons a meno che tutti i suoi componenti, programmi e dati mostrati non siano sotto qualche licenza libera. Per esempio, le linee guida di Microsoft non ammettono opere derivate (vedi qui). Questo significa che l'uso di uno screenshot di prodotti Microsoft va contro le regole di Commons (comunque, si crede che i pulsanti che minimizzano, ingrandiscono o chiudono la finestra dell'applicazione e le loro posizioni non siano protetti da copyright.

[1]

Notare che uno screenshot può essere pubblicato sotto una licenza libera solo se tutte le immagini utilizzate nella GUI hanno una licenza libera. Se, per esempio, sono tutte nel pubblico dominio, anche lo screenshot dovrà essere nel pubblico dominio, perché il lavoro creativo nel creare uno screenshot è nullo. Se uno screenshot contiene icone o contenuti di siti web non liberi, lo screenshot non è libero.

[2]

Di conseguenza, se chi ha creato il programma non lo ha rilasciato con una licenza libera e non ha espressamente dichiarato una licenza libera per gli screenshot, questi non sono liberi. Questo potrebbe non essere vero in tutte le giurisdizioni, ma sicuramente lo è negli Stati Uniti (in seguito alla sentenza Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.), in Germania (vedi Bildrechte sulla Wikipedia in tedesco) e probabilmente per tutti i paesi dell'Unione Europea.

If the copyright holder(s) (usually the programmers, software company, producer, or broadcaster) do not agree to publish the program under a free license, then screenshots are normally only free if they explicitly license the screenshot (or all screenshots) under a free license.

Audiovisual works

Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

Screenshot of the Free Software program GNU IceCat licensed under the Mozilla tri-license, running on Xfce with window titlebar theme licensed under GNU GPL, and showing public domain LibriVox web page. The Creative Commons logo is trademarked but is thought to be ineligible for copyright at all.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Note, this does not prevent you from uploading works created using non-free software, it is not subject to the copyright of the software itself in most cases. This is especially true for fonts, which in some cases are considered programs.

Come creare uno screenshot libero:

  • Usare un programma con una skin completamente libera (per esempio un programma KDE con set di immagini crystal)
  • Tagliare ogni cosa che potrebbe essere sotto copyright. Mostrare solo il contenuto.
  • Il contenuto dello screenshot deve essere libero a sua volta. Assicurarsi che lo screenshot non contenga marchi, testo o immagini non libere ed ogni altra cosa che non è possibile usare liberamente.

Inserisci nella pagina di descrizione degli screenshot con contenuto libero il tag {{Free screenshot}} oltre all'apposito tag di copyright. Occorre indicare anche sotto quale licenza si trova il programma.

Please tag screenshots that show only free content with {{Free screenshot}} in addition to an appropriate copyright tag. You must also indicate the free software license under which the program has been published.

Examples

Microsoft products

Microsoft's guidelines do not allow derivative works,[3] so screenshots of Microsoft products would go against Commons policy. The Windows operating system itself is a Microsoft product, and the precise appearance of standard operating system widgets in some themes may or may not be copyrightable, as they are purely geometric.

Software as art

Screenshot di un demo pubblicato secondo la licenza CC-BY-SA dai suoi autori

In alcuni casi il programma stesso è un'opera d'arte - per esempio le demoscene (come quella riportata più sopra del panda). Gli screenshot di queste opere sono liberi solo se il programma stesso è libero. Potrebbero esserci eccezioni se lo screenshot mostra solo un'opera creata usando certi programmi e non il programma stesso. Questo è vero soprattutto per i font, che in alcuni casi sono considerati programmi.

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Internet Explorer, Safari, Opera and Microsoft Edge. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

Freely licensed GNU IceCat icon

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

References