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これは、コンテンツの出所として使えないもののリストです。これらは一度はコモンズにとって有益なものと見られていたものの、よく検討した結果、使用不可または自己矛盾とされました。これらの出所からのすべてのファイルは、{{subst:nld}} (「ライセンスなし」)または{{subst:npd}}(「許諾なし」)のテンプレートでタグづけされる必要があります。ファイルはそれによってCategory:Unknownの適切なサブカテゴリーに分類されることになります。


Beeld en Geluid wiki


Flags of the World

FotW の著作権ポリシーには、以下のようにいくつかの許容できない制限が含まれます。
  • (前略)非営利かつ非政治的目的でのみ、素材を使う
  • もし、私たちの素材をインターネット以外の方法(例えば、フロッピーディスクやCM-ROM)で頒布する場合、そのメディアを販売することはできない
  • このウェブサイトの画像・コンテンツの使用は、あなたのウェブサイトの最大5%に制限する

使用条件 [1] には次のような制限があります。
  • 画像をインターネット上(の他の場所)でダウンロードのために提供してはならない。(ドイツ語原文: "Die Bilder dürfen nicht im Internet zum Download angeboten werden."
  • 画像を(他の)画像コレクションに含めてはならない。(ドイツ語: "Die Bilder dürfen nicht in Bildersammlungen einverleibt werden."

GM Media Online photos

While they claim to be licensing their images under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the page that links to it adds several more restrictions, namely,
The use of these images for advertising, marketing, or any other commercial purposes is prohibited. These images can be cropped, but may not be altered in any other way, and each should bear the credit line "© GM Corp."
Despite the text of the license they linked to from their page, their intent is quite clearly to allow a non-commercial, no-derivatives attribution license, which is not acceptable on the Commons. Whether linking to the CC-BY license would invalidate these stated restrictions is a finer legal point than we are qualified to deal with; furthermore, even if this would lean in our favor, it is also good form to respect the intent of copyright holders, rather than try and catch them out on legal technicalities like this.
(On a related note, there are GM media pages such as this Chevrolet Austria video page which mentions "© Creative Commons Attribution 3.0" but which instead links to the CC-BY-NC 3.0 license.)


While the site ( ) clearly has an overall wiki-inspired design and mechanics that leads many to believe it conforms to the same GFDL or CC-BY-SA or free content licensing as Commons, that is NOT the case in reality. The problem is twofold:
1. The photos taken by the site's admin (MPM2008) are certainly not freely licensed, and this author is known to go to great length to protect his copyrights. Also, it should be noted that not all of his photos carry any watermark and/or any copyright notice. These are certainly not suitable for Commons.
2. On the other hand, the site's admins are very lax concerning other people's copyrights-while some files ARE really PD or freely licensed, most (excluding MPM2008's works) are grabbed from random sources (like press images or similar) and in most cases WITHOUT any attribution. It is also a common practice there to overwrite PD or freely licensed files with NON-free files of larger resolution while leaving the former file's attribution notice intact, causing users to believe the new file is also free, when in fact that is not the case...
Either way, these files seem 100% unsuitable for uploading here.

This site's license prohibits selling, licensing, sublicensing, renting, transfering or distributing of images without alterations. But modified images are free (including using for commercial purposes and using without attributing the original author). However, there is no information, if the license is revocable.

  • is a site for marketers and promotional uploaders. Its default license is a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, but this is not adequately understood by their uploaders, who frequently post images for which they do not own the rights to release under the Creative Commons license. Consensus is to avoid using the site.


Commons:Deletion requests/Incorrect PD Netherlands (government works) によれば、このサイトの画像の商用利用は許されません。よって、政府の作品として利用可能なように見えても、COM:SCOPE#Non-allowable licence terms に基づき、このサイトの画像はコモンズの守備範囲の外にあります。

Official PSD

"A community of graphic artists creating and sharing free raw image files!" - that's the slogan. The website is intended as non-commercial but they also allow for cc-by licensing. Regrettably they take their slogan's "creating" with a grain of salt. For example, Vince-Carter-Magic-PSD32033 (and all images shown as related images) are taken from elsewhere, published on other websites. The EXIF of this image states "Copyright Notice: Copyright 2009 NBAE (Photo by Fernando Medina/NBAE via Getty Images)". linksearch

Appears to consist mostly of uploads by people who do not have the authority to license the copyrights in them, or release the content into the public domain. The website also does not retain good sourcing metadata. Clause 6.1 of the Terms of Use Agreement (last reviewed on ) allows uploaders to mark their files as private or to delete them, which is declared to have the effect of terminating the license for reuse of the files by other people.

As with, the usage conditions [2] are restrictive:
  • Images can be used (...) excluding collections of images or similar where images can be downloaded or bought. (original: (...) "Ausgeschlossen hiervon sind Bilddatenbanken, Bildkataloge oder ähnliche, bei denen Fotos zum Download oder Verkauf angeboten werden.")

They use (for their own work) the CC-by-nc-nd licence (neither commercial use nor derivative works), which is not compatible with Wikimedia Commons.

Although Seebeforeyoudie will gladly give you a free release for the images on their site, they don't actually have the right to do that. Seebeforeyoudie accepts open submissions from the Internet, and doesn't require their users to agree to any license at upload. They do not even appear to make an effort to ensure that the uploader is the copyright holder. As such any claim that they make about their images being freely licensed is inaccurate at best.

Skyscrapercity (SSCと呼ばれることがあります)は、ユーザーが画像(多くは独自のコンテンツ、時にはFlicker等からの著作権侵害)を投稿するフォーラムです。投稿にはフリーなライセンスは要求されません。したがって、フォーラムにおいて明示的に有効なライセンスが宣言されているか、画像がその古さゆえにパブリック・ドメインである場合を除き、著作権者からの OTRS 電子メールが必要となります。


Commons:Stock.xchng images も参照してください
Images sourced from Stock.xchng ( are not allowed on Wikimedia Commons, unless they are explicitly licensed under a free license. Preferably those permissions are recorded in OTRS. All Stock.xchng image that have not been independently released under a free license are subject to speedy deletion since July 1, 2007. See Commons:Deletion requests/Template:Sxc-warning and Template:Sxc-warning for more information.


Subject to receipt by Berkeley Lab of any required U.S. Department of Energy approvals, Berkeley Lab grants you, and you hereby accept, a non-commercial, non-exclusive, non-transferable, royalty-free revocable license to download, display, use and copy the image selected by you from and provided by Berkeley Lab (collectively, the “Image”), subject to the following terms and conditions:
You may use the Image solely for your own non-commercial use. If you want to use the Image for commercial purposes please contact;
You may not transfer the Image without the prior written consent of Berkeley Lab;
You may copy the Image solely to the extent reasonably necessary to exercise the foregoing license; provided however that:
you must reproduce all copyright notices and other proprietary or acknowledgment notices on any copies of the Image and you must not remove or alter those notices;
all copies of the Image shall be subject to the terms of this Agreement;
you may not otherwise copy or allow copies of the Image to be made.
You may not use, rent, lease, loan, sublicense, distribute or transfer the Image to any third party for any commercial purposes;
You may only use photographs of Berkeley Lab personnel, e.g., headshots and group photos, for noncommercial and educational purposes, limited to those that involve identifying the individual’s role at the Lab or the individual’s involvement in specific projects or research;
Berkeley Lab retains the rights to terminate this Agreement and withdraw its consent to the continued use, display or reproduction of the Image in any work, and expressly when then the purpose of such use does not advance the educational or scientific mission of Berkeley Lab. [3]
科学的・技術的情報に限る: © Copyright 2011 Los Alamos National Security, LLC All rights reserved
For All Information: Unless otherwise indicated, this information has been authored by an employee or employees of the Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS), operator of the Los Alamos National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has rights to use, reproduce, and distribute this information. The public may copy and use this information without charge, provided that this Notice and any statement of authorship are reproduced on all copies. Neither the Government nor LANS makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any liability or responsibility for the use of this information.[5]

World News

このサイトは、著作権で保護された画像であっても、画像はパブリック・ドメインであると主張しています。Commons:Deletion requests/File:773ER Pakistan.jpg も参照してください。

World Stadiums

このサイトは、サイトへのリファレンスがなされる限り、どの画像(透かしが入れられている)も使ってよいと主張しています[6] 。また、画像の改変も自由であると明示されていますが、これは透かしを除去することはできないと解すべきものと思われます。問題の焦点は、World Stadiumsにホストされた画像のいずれも、著作権の保護を受けていないと断定できないことです。写真の作者名は表示されていません。このサイトの写真のほとんどは著作権侵害(掲示板や公式サイトから取られたもの、雑誌や新聞のスキャン等)であり、著作権で保護された画像のコピーをトリミングしてサイズ変更したものです。他に、Creative Commons ShareAlike でライセンスされた画像のサイズ変更版もありますが、World Stadiumsはライセンスで要求される許諾者名の表示を行っていません。