Gallery of flags by design

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search

NOTE: MAJOR UPDATE, CHARGES NOW DIVIDED INTO FIXED AND MOBILE, LATTER MOVED TO ANNEX GALLERY

This gallery uses as its organizing rubric a set of terms and concepts derived mostly from the Western heraldic tradition. The main sets of these terms are five: #Divisions of the field, #Variations of the field, Charges, #Variations of Charges, and #Lines of division and variation. (The sixth main set, #Overall Shape of the Flag (Nonrectangular variants) is mainly not derived from heraldic tradition.) The advantage of this approach is that flag design (vexillography) in Greater Europe and its former colonies is largely an adaptation of the conventions of Western heraldry used to decorate shields as markers of identity. The heraldic tradition provides an elaborated and intricated set of terms whose scope is far greater than those that have been developed from the study of flags alone, without reference to the traditions from which it derives. This set of terms allows us to recognize, and thus think and discuss a great variety of individual flag elements. It allows us to parse complex designs into their constituent components. A disadvantage is that it is less appropriate to flag designs that derive from other traditions, such as Japanese prefectural and municipal flags, Liberian county flags, and newer genres of design derived from corporate logos, etc.

The purpose of the gallery is to serve as an aid to the practice of flag design and for the study and teaching of flag design, flag history and geography, etc. Items have been selected because they are the most well known, the most representative, or particularly unique, interesting, well-executed or illustrative examples of the incorporation of particular (often heraldic) elements into flag design. The aim is to sketch out a space of possibility for design with these elements rather than to provide an exhaustive listing of all instances.

For the purposes of identification, where possible, links will be provided to more specialized galleries and category pages that have more comprehensive listings. This latter work is ongoing.

NOTE: Because of size limitations, this gallery contains only fixed charges - a term introduced here for what in heraldry are termed ordinaries and sub-ordinaries. These charges either span the length and breadth of the field or fixed to an edge of the field, typically spanning the length or breadth of that edge. The exception are the charged plain fields, these feature mobile charges. The annex gallery, Gallery of flags by design II: Mobile charges, catalogues mobile charges, those that can be placed anywhere on the field. It also contains sections on the arrangement and orientation of the placement of mobile charges on the field.

Undivided

[edit]

Plain white field

[edit]

Plain white field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain black field

[edit]

Plain black field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain grey field

[edit]

Plain grey field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain blue field

[edit]

Plain blue field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain azure field

[edit]

Plain azure field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

NOTE: Azure here refers to the modern color specification of azure, not heraldic 'azure'.

Plain cyan field

[edit]

Plain cyan field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain green field

[edit]

Plain green field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain brown field

[edit]

Plain brown field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain buff field

[edit]

Plain buff field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Note: Refer also to the heraldic ticture tenné

Plain gold, yellow field

[edit]

Plain gold, yellow, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain orange field

[edit]

Plain orange field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain red field

[edit]

Plain red field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain pink field

[edit]

Plain pink field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain raspberry field

[edit]

Plain raspberry field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain maroon field

[edit]

Plain maroon field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Plain purple field

[edit]

Plain purple field, with mobile charge(s)

[edit]

Vertical division of the field

[edit]

Note: For 'unequal width vertical biband', see #Side

Equal width vertical triband

[edit]
Bicolor equal width vertical triband
[edit]
Bicolor equal width vertical triband, plain
[edit]
Bicolor equal width vertical triband, charged
[edit]
Tricolor equal width vertical triband
[edit]
Tricolor equal width vertical triband, plain
[edit]
Tricolor equal width vertical triband, charged
[edit]

Other equal width vertical triband

[edit]

Unequal width vertical triband

[edit]
Canadian pale adjacent
[edit]
Other unequal width vertical triband
[edit]

Equal width vertical multiband

[edit]

Unequal width vertical multiband

[edit]

Horizontal division of the field

[edit]

Horizontal biband, plain

[edit]

Horizontal biband, charged

[edit]

Other biband

[edit]

Note: For 'unequal width horizontal biband', see #Chief and #Terrace in base (Champagne)

Equal height horizontal triband

[edit]
Bicolor equal height horizontal triband
[edit]
Bicolor equal height horizontal triband, plain
[edit]
Bicolor equal height horizontal triband, charged
[edit]
Tricolor equal height horizontal triband
[edit]
Tricolor equal height horizontal triband, plain
[edit]
Tricolor equal height horizontal triband, charged
[edit]
Fimbriated (or filleted) equal height horizontal triband
[edit]

See also #Triangle at hoist with equal height triband field

Unequal height horizontal triband

[edit]
Unequal horizontal triband, center band wider than 1/3 but narrower than 1/2 hoist
[edit]
Bicolor Spanish fess
[edit]

Note: Center band is equal to half the height of the hoist.

Tricolor Spanish fess
[edit]
Unequal horizontal triband, center band wider than 1/2 hoist
[edit]
Center band slightly wider than 1/2 height of hoist
[edit]
Center band 3/5's height of hoist
[edit]
Center band almost 3/5's height of hoist
[edit]
Center band more than 3/5's height of hoist
[edit]
Wide center band, fimbriated
[edit]

See also #Unequal width horizontal multiband > #Pentaband and more

'Andean fess'*
[edit]

*Term introduced here, by reference to 'Spanish fess': an unequal triband with an upper band 1/2 the height of the hoist, and two lower bands each 1/4 the height of the hoist.

'Andean fess' adjacent
[edit]
'Andean fess' adjacent, inverted
[edit]

See also #Terrace in base (Champagne)

'Latvian fess'*
[edit]