Commons:Copyright rules by territory - summary

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This summary table (Commons:Copyright rules by territory - summary) is a work in progress. Feel free to help!

Countries, areas, and entities Standard copyright term
(based on authors' deaths)
Other copyright terms
(based on publication and creation dates)
Copyright exemptions Notes
Commons-logo.svg Afghanistan copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Afghanistan and copyright issues)
50 p.m.a.: life + 50 years[1] 50 years from publication
  • anonymous or pseudonymous work[1]
  • published after authors' deaths[1]
  • audiovisual works[1]
  • photographic,painting works[1]


50 years from creation

Threshold of originality: “photographic works that have been created using an original mode” (Art. 6)
  • Berne/UCC: no
  • Until year end: Yes (Afghan calendar)[1]
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1967 or earlier}}

{{PD-Afghanistan}}


Albania 70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[2] 70 years from publication
  • anonymous or pseudonymous work[3]
  • photographic or audiovisual work of joint authorship[4]


70 years from creation

  • unpublished photographic or audiovisual work of joint authorship[5]


25 years from production

  • works of applied art[6]
See COM:CRTFULL#Albania
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes[7]

Notes: #Albania

{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}}

{{PD-Albania-exempt}}


Algeria 50 p.m.a.: life + 50 years (except posthumous work)[8] 50 years from publication[9]
  • anonymous or pseudonymous work
  • published after authors' deaths (posthumous)
  • audiovisual works
  • collective works


50 years from creation

  • as above, where unpublished
  • photographs or works of applied art[10]
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes

Notes: COM:CRTFULL#Algeria

{{PD-old-auto|author died 1967 or earlier}}

{{PD-Algeria-photo-except}} - for photographs published before 1 January 1987


Argentina 70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[11] 50 years from publication[12]
  • anonymous or pseudonymous work (works whose copyright is held by institutions)

50 years pma

  • audiovisual works (author defined as last survivor of producer/director/screenwriter/composer)[13]

20 years from publication and 25 years from creation

  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes

Notes: COM:CRTFULL#Argentina

{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-AR-Photo}} {{PD-AR-Movie}} {{PD-AR-Anonymous}}


Czech Republic 70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[15]
  • Anonymous works: 70 years after publication (if author never disclosed)[16]
  • Publication right: 25 years from first publication if copyright has expired before such publication[17]
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes[20]

Notes: COM:CRTFULL#Czech Republic

{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-EU-no author disclosure}}
{{PD-EU-unpublished}}

{{FoP-Czech Republic}}


Commons-logo.svg France copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of France)
70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years (except posthumous works, musical works,[21] and works whose author "died for France", which are protected for an additional 30 years)
  • Anonymous works: 70 years after publication (if author never disclosed)
  • Posthumous works: 25 years from publication
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-EU-no author disclosure}}
{{PD-EU-unpublished}}


Commons-logo.svg Germany copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of Germany)
70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[22]
  • Anonymous works: 70 years after publication (if author never disclosed)
  • Publication right: 25 years from first publication or first public performance if copyright has expired before such publication or performance, or if the work has never been protected in Germany and the author died more than 70 years before the first publication[23]
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes[24]
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-EU-no author disclosure}}
{{PD-EU-unpublished}}

{{FoP-Germany}}

See also Category:PD Germany license tags


Commons-logo.svg India copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of India)
60 p.m.a.: life + 60 years (except posthumous works and photographs, films, sound recordings)
  • Photographs:
    • 50 years after creation (for creation before 1958)
    • 60 years after publication (for publication after 1957[25])
  • Films and sound recordings: 60 years after publication[26]
  • Anonymous works: 60 years after publication (if author never disclosed)
  • Posthumous works: 60 years after publication
  • Government works: 60 years after publication[27]
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1957 or earlier}} {{PD-anon-auto-1996}} (for anonymous works published before 1936)
{{PD-India-photo-1958}} (photographs created before 1958)
{{FoP-India}}


Indonesia 70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[28] 50 years from publication[29]
  • photography and film[30]
  • literary works, musical works, and paintings (whose copyright is held by a legal entity)[31]
  • anonymous or pseudonymous work[32]
Freedom of Panorama: no
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes

Notes: COM:CRTFULL#Indonesia

{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-IDNoCopyright}} {{PD-IDGov}} {{PD-IDOld-Art29}} {{PD-IDOld-Art30}}


Commons-logo.svg Japan copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of Japan)
50 p.m.a.: life + 50 years[33] Anonymous or Pseudonymous works:
  • 50 years from first publication (if author never disclosed during copyright term)[34]

Cooperative works:

  • 50 years from first publication (or creation if unpublished)[35]

Films:

  • 70 years from first publication[36]
  • and 38 years after the creator's death if it was published as his work before 1971[37][38][39]

Photographs:

  • 10 years from first publication (or creation if unpublished) before 1957[40]

Note: WWII extension for Axis powers - There is an extension for Axis powers in WWII, which is essentially 11 years added to the copyright protection length.

  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes
{{PD-Japan}} {{PD-Japan-exempt}}
{{PD-Japan-organization}}
{{PD-Japan-film}}
{{PD-Japan-oldphoto}}
{{PD-Japan-audio}}
{{FoP-Japan}} (only reproduction of an architectural work is accepted on Commons)


Commons-logo.svg Mexico copyright overview 100 p.m.a.: life + 100 years
  • Anonymous works: ?
  • Government works: 100 years after publication
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1952 or earlier}}
(due to non-retroactive extension of copyright term from 1982 onwards)
{{PD-Mexico}}

{{FoP-Mexico}}


Commons-logo.svg Netherlands copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of the Netherlands)
70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[42]
  • Anonymous works: 70 years after publication (if author never disclosed). Covers anonymous/pseudonymous work, and corporate works with no listed natural author[43]
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-EU-no author disclosure}}

{{FoP-Netherlands}}

See also Category:PD Netherlands license tags


Commons-logo.svg Peru copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of Peru)
70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years[44]
  • Collective works, computer programs and audiovisual works: 70 years from publication or 70 years from creation if unpublished[45]
  • Anonymous works: 70 years after publication (if author never disclosed)[46]
  • Simple photographs: 70 years from publication[47]
  • Publication right: 10 years from first publication of unpublished public domain works[48]
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes[49]
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}}

{{FoP-Peru}}


Commons-logo.svg United Kingdom copyright overview
(Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Copyright law of the United Kingdom)
70 p.m.a.: life + 70 years Crown copyright:
  • 50 years from first commercial publication, but
  • works except engravings created prior to 30 June 1957: 50 years from creation

Anonymous works

  • Photographs created before 30 June 1957: 70 years after creation if unpublished, 70 years after publication if published within 70 years of creation

Posthumous works

  • Non-photographic works, published posthumously before 1945, where author died 20 years or more before publication: 50 years after publication
  • Berne/UCC: yes
  • Until year end: Yes
{{PD-old-auto|author died 1947 or earlier}} {{PD-UKGov}}
{{PD-UK-unknown}}
{{PD-EU-no author disclosure}}
{{PD-EU-unpublished}}
{{PD-UK-posthumous-non-photo-1996}}

{{FoP-UK}}


References[edit]

  1. a b c d e f g Copyright law of Afghanistan-22/07/2008
  2. Art. 17, Law no. 7564 of 19 April 1992, as modified by Law no. 7923 of 19 May 1995
  3. Art. 18
  4. Art. 19
  5. Art. 19
  6. Art. 20
  7. Art. 21
  8. [1]
  9. Arts. 56-60
  10. Art. 59
  11. [2]
  12. Art. 8
  13. Art. 34
  14. Art. 34
  15. § 27 (1) AutZ
  16. § 27 (3) AutZ
  17. § 28 AutZ
  18. § 2 (1) AutZ
  19. § 2 (2) AutZ
  20. § 27 (7) AutZ
  21. wartime copyright extensions may apply to musical works: + 6 years 152 days for musical work published through 1920 (Art. L123-8); + 8 years and 120 days for musical work published through 1947 (Art. L123-9); these extensions are cumulative with each other and with the "died for France" extension: [3]
  22. § 64 Urheberrechtsgesetz[4], as amended by the Law of 17 December 2008
  23. § 71 Urheberrechtsgesetz[5]
  24. § 69 Urheberrechtsgesetz[6]
  25. Copyright Act 1957, Article 25
  26. Copyright Act 1957, Article 26,27
  27. Copyright Act 1957, Article 28
  28. Pasal 58 ayat (1) UU Hak Cipta 2014
  29. Art. 8
  30. Pasal 58 ayat (1) UU Hak Cipta 2014
  31. Pasal 58 ayat (3) UU Hak Cipta 2014
  32. Pasal 60 ayat (3) UU Hak Cipta 2014
  33. Copyright Act 1970, Art. 51
  34. Copyright Act 1970, Art. 52
  35. Copyright Act 1970, Art. 53
  36. Copyright Act 1970 (revised in 2003), Art. 54
  37. Copyright Act 1899 (revised in 1931), Art. 22–3
  38. Copyright Act 1899 (revised in 1969), Art. 3
  39. Copyright Act 1970, Supplementary Provision Act No. 85 of June 18, 2003
  40. Copyright Act 1899, Art. 23
  41. Copyright Act 1970, Art. 46–4
  42. Art. 37, Auteursrecht (Copyright Act, 1912), as amended by the Acts of 21 December 1995
  43. Art. 38, Auteursrecht (Copyright Act, 1912), as amended by the Acts of 21 December 1995
  44. Copyright Law - Legislative Decree No. 822 of April 23, 1996, Art. 52
  45. Copyright Law - Legislative Decree No. 822 of April 23, 1996, Art. 54
  46. Copyright Law - Legislative Decree No. 822 of April 23, 1996, Art. 53
  47. Copyright Law - Legislative Decree No. 822 of April 23, 1996, Art. 144
  48. Copyright Law - Legislative Decree No. 822 of April 23, 1996, Art. 145
  49. Copyright Law - Legislative Decree No. 822 of April 23, 1996, Art. 56