Commons:Urheberrechtsregeln nach Gebiet/Libyen

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Libya and the translation is 50% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Libya and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Libya relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Libya must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Libya and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Libya, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Hintergrund

Libya was under Ottoman rule until 1911, when it became an Italian colony. From 1943 to 1951, Libya was under British/French occupation. Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951.

Libya has been a member of the Berne Convention since 28 September 1976.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 9 for 1968 Issuing the Copyright Protection Law as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Libya.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] A copy is also held in Wikisource.[3]

Another source says that copyright is governed by Law number 7 of 1984, which is based on law number 9 of 1968 on copyright protection. Protection is valid for the lifetime of the author plus a period of 50 years.[4]

Dauer

Note: Libya is a party to the Berne Copyright law in 1976, which requires life + 50 years copyright length. According to Libyan Law No. 9 of 1968,

  • Financial utilization rights expire 25 years after the death of the author, provided that the total period of protection shall not be less than 50 years as from the date of first publication of the work.[9/1968 Article 20]
  • However, for photographic and cinematic works which are limited to the mere mechanical transmission of scenery, such rights shall expire 5 years from the date of first publication of the work.[9/1968 Article 20]
  • The period of protection for joint works of art is calculated from the date of death of the last surviving author.[9/1968 Article 20]
  • If the author is a legal public or private entity, the financial utilization rights expire 30 years from the date of first publication of the work.[9/1968 Article 20]
  • The financial utilization rights of works of art published anonymously and under a pseudonym expire 25 years after publication of the work, unless the author's identity is revealed within this period[9/1968 Article 21]
  • The protection period for works of art published for the first time after the author's death expires 50 years after his death.[9/1968 Article 22]

Privacy rights

According to Libyan Law No. 9 for 1968,

  • A photographer may not show, publish or distribute a photograph unless the people depicted in the photograph have consented, unless the photograph is of a public event or of officials or persons enjoying public renown, or the public authorities have given permission for its publication for the general welfare. Notwithstanding the preceding, no photograph may be shown or circulated if doing so would result in detriment to the honour, reputation or social standing of the person depicted in the photograph.[9/1968 Article 36]
  • On the other hand, a person depicted in an engraving, painting, photograph, sculpture or other portrait has the right to authorize its publication in magazines, newspapers and similar publications even if the photographer does not consent, unless there is an agreement to the contrary.[9/1968 Article 36]

Non-protected works

According to Libyan Law No. 9 for 1968, the following works are not subject to copyright, if they are not characterized by innovation, arrangement or any other personal effort worthy of protection[9/1968 Article 4]:

  • A collection made up of various works such as verse, prose and music anthologies and other collections. However, each individual work making up the collection is copyrighted.
  • A collection of work that has become public property.
  • A collection of official documents such as texts of laws, decrees, regulations, international agreements, legal judgements and various official documents.
  • Official documents such as texts of laws, decrees, regulations, international agreements, legal judgements and various official documents.

Lizenzvorlagen

Abkürzung
COM:TAG Libya

Siehe auch: Commons:Lizenzvorlagen

  • {{PD-Libya}} – photos 5 years starting from the date of first publication of the work.

Panoramafreiheit

Abkürzung
COM:FOP Libya

Siehe auch: Commons:Panoramafreiheit

X mark.svg Nicht OK The Copyright Protection Law of Libya (Libyan Law No. (9) for 1968) does not have any provisions dealing with freedom of panorama.

Schöpfungshöhe

Abkürzung
COM:TOO Libya

Siehe auch: Commons:Schöpfungshöhe

For photographic and cinematic works which are limited to the mere mechanical transmission of scenery, rights expire 5 years from the date of first publication.[9/1968 Article 20]

Zitate

  1. a b Libya Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. Law No. 9 for 1968 Issuing the Copyright Protection Law. Libya (1968). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  3. Copyright Protection Law of Libya (Libyan Law No. (9) for 1968]
  4. Libya: Business Environment. Export Entreprises SA. Retrieved on 2018-11-07.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Siehe auch: Commons:Allgemeiner Haftungsausschluss