Commons:Нормы авторского права по территории/Ирак

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Iraq relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Iraq must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Iraq and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Iraq, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Iraq was long part of the Ottoman empire, then during World War I came under British control. It gained nominal independence in 1932 as the Kingdom of Iraq, and became a republic after a coup in 1958.

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 3 of 1971 on Copyright as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Iraq.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2][3]This law was amended on 1 May 2004 by Order No. 83, Amendment to the Copyright Law.[4]

General rules

Under the Copyright Law No.3 of 1971,

  • Copyright expired 25 years after the death of the author, provided that the period of protection shall not be less than 50 years from the date of publication of the work.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • Copyright in photographic and cinematographic works which only give automatic transfer of landscapes expired 5 years from the date of the first publication of the work.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • The duration of the joint works was calculated from the date of death of the last surviving participant.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • If the right holder was a public or private legal person, the rights expired 30 years from the date of first publication.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • There was no protection for anonymous or pseudonymous works unless the author or his heirs revealed his identity.[3/1971 Art. 21]
  • The term of protection for works published for the first time after the death of the author was calculated from the date of his death.[3/1971 Art. 22]

In 2004, the CPA (Coalition Provisional Authority) non-retroactively amended the law by Order No. 83 so that,

  • The author’s economic rights provided are protected throughout the lifetime of the author and for 50 years from the date of his death.[83/2004 Art. 20 (1)]
  • The economic rights relating to works of joint authorship are protected throughout the lives of all co-authors and for 50 years from the death of the last survivor.[83/2004 Art. 20 (2)]
  • For collective works other than works of applied arts,
    • Where the copyright holder is a legal entity, the economic rights are protected for 50 years from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (3)]
    • Where the copyright holder is a natural person, the protection period shall be calculated for their life plus 50 years.[83/2004 Art. 20 (3)]
  • The economic rights relating to a work published for the first time after the death of the author expire after 50 years from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (3)]
  • The economic rights relating to a work published anonymously or under pseudonym shall be protected for a period of 50 years, from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (4)]
  • The economic rights of the author of a work of applied art expire after a period of 50 years from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (5)]
  • The provisions of the 2004 Law apply to works existing at the time it took effect, provided the term of protection for those works had not yet fallen into the public domain.[83/2004 Art. 49a]
Copyright notes

Copyright notes
Согласно циркуляру 38a. следующие страны не являются участниками Бернской конвенции или иных договоров по авторскому праву с Соединёнными Штатами: Восточный Тимор, Ирак, Иран, Науру, Палау, Сан-Марино, Сомали, Эритрея, Эфиопия, Южный Судан.

Таким образом, произведения, опубликованные гражданами этих стран на их территории, как правило, не подлежат защите авторских прав за пределами этих стран. Следовательно, такие работы могут быть в свободном доступе в большинстве других стран мира.

Тем не менее
  • Произведения, опубликованные в этих странах гражданами или постоянными жителями других стран, подписавших Бернскую конвенцию или любой другой договор об авторском праве, будут по-прежнему охраняться в их стране и на международном уровне, а также на местном уровне местным законодательством об авторском праве.
  • Аналогичным образом, работы, опубликованные за пределами этих стран в течение 30 дней после публикации в этих странах, также обычно подлежат охране в зарубежной стране публикации. Если на произведения распространяется авторское право за пределами этих стран, срок такой защиты авторских прав может превышать срок действия авторских прав внутри них.
  • Неопубликованные работы из этих стран могут быть полностью защищены авторским правом.
  • Произведение из одной из этих стран может быть защищено авторским правом в Соединенных Штатах в соответствии с URAA, если страна происхождения произведения заключает договор об авторском праве или соглашение с Соединенными Штатами, и произведение все еще находится под авторским правом в своей стране.

Ирак принял закон № 3 1971 года об авторских правах (на арабском языке), вступивший в силу 21 января 1971 года. Ирак принял Постановление № 10 1985 года о Национальном комитете по защите авторских прав (на арабском языке), вступившее в силу 2 сентября 1985 года. Ирак принял Приказ № 83 о внесении изменений в Закон об авторском праве (на арабском языке) (неофициальный перевод ВОИС на английский), вступивший в силу 1 мая 2004 года.

Шаблоны лицензий

Сокращение
COM:TAG Iraq

Смотрите также: Commons:Шаблоны лицензий

  • {{PD-Iraq}} – для работ, впервые опубликованных в Ираке до подписания им с США договора о соблюдении авторских прав.

Currency

Сокращение
COM:CUR Iraq

Смотрите также: Commons:Валюта

X mark.svg Нет Banknotes and coins are not covered by any known exception from copyright protection under Iraqi law. The website of the Central Bank of Iraq, which included depictions of Iraqi coins and banknotes, had the following footer: "Copyright © 2011. Central Bank of Iraq. All rights reserved. Please read important disclaimer." The disclaimer stated: "All texts, data and information on this site are owned by the CBI. Digitized photographs, graphics, and logos contained are the property of the CBI, and may not be used without permission."

Freedom of panorama

Сокращение
COM:FOP Iraq

Смотрите также: Commons:Свобода панорамы

X mark.svg Нет: Under the 2004 revision to Iraq's Copyright Law No. 3,

  • The protection shall include the works whose method of expression is in writing, sound, drawing, painting or movement, and in particular the following: ... Works entered under the arts of drawing and painting with lines and colors, engraving, sculpture and architecture.[83/2004 Art. 2(4)]
  • Without the written permission of the author or his/her successors, no person shall do any of the following acts: ... Reproduce a work in any manner or form, whether transitory or permanent, including onto photographic (including cinematographic) film or onto a digital or electronic storage medium.[83/2004 Art. 8(1)]

Stamps

Смотрите также: Почтовые марки / Общественное достояние

Red copyright.svg: All stamps published in Iraq before 1 January 1969 are in the public domain. Use {{PD-Iraq}} to tag them.

See also

Citations

  1. Iraq Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 3 of 1971 on Copyright (in Arabic). Iraq (1971). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 3 of 1971 Copyright Protection Act. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  4. Order No. 83, Amendment to the Copyright Law. Iraq (2004). Retrieved on 2018-11-10.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Смотрите также: Commons:Отказ от ответственности