مملكة البحرين هي دولة تقع في وسط الخليج العربي شرق السعودية وشمال قطر في جنوب غرب قارة آسيا. يربطها بالسعودية جسر الملك فهد (الذي افتتح في 25 نوفمبر، 1986) يمتد لمسافة 25 كم تقريباً من مدينة الخبر في السعودية. كما سيربطها بقطر جسر قطر البحرين الذي تم التخطيط له، و الذي سيكون أطول جسر في العالم و يقدر طوله ب 45 كم.
The Kingdom of Bahrain is a borderless island country in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). ► Saudi Arabia lies to the west and is connected to Bahrain by the King Fahd Causeway (officially opened on November 25, 1986), and ► Qatar is to the south across the Persian Gulf. The Qatar–Bahrain Friendship Bridge, currently being planned, will link Bahrain to Qatar as the longest fixed link in the world. In terms of geographic size Bahrain is the smallest Arab country.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Bahrain, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Bahrain.
The site of the ancient Bronze Age civilization of Dilmun, present-day Bahrain is an important center linking trade routes between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley as early as 5,000 years ago. The Dilmun civilization declines about 2,000 BC. Shortly after 600 BC Dilmun is formally incorporated into the new Babylonian empire. Bahrain, known as Tylos, is later ruled ruled variously by the Arab tribes of Bani Wa’el and Persian governors. This map shows Bahrain under control of the Parthian Empire (250 BCE-226 CE).
Map of Parthia 100 BC
The Persian Sassanian Empire (226-650) in 602 to 629, Strokes: Under Sassanid military control.
When Bahrain comes under control of the Caliphate in the seventh century, most of its inhabitants are converted to Islam. This map shows the expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
The rule by the Caliphate is followed by control of Persia , Omani and Portuguese forces at various times from the 7th century. Between 1521 and 1602 Bahrain is occupied by Portugal. Persia conquers the island in 1602 and brings it under Persian suzeranity. The Al Khalifa family liberates Bahrain in 1783 and establish the Emirate of Bahrain. The United Kingdom seizes control over Bahrain in 1861 and the emirate becomes a British protecorate. In 1971 Bahrain becomes an independent constitutional monarchy as the State of Bahrain, that is from 1975 an absolute monarchy. In an attempt to modernize the country it is renamed the state Kingdom of Bahrain around 2002 and it becomes a constitutional monarchy. This map shows the former municipalities until 2002
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.