Atlas of Germany

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Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
EU location GER.svg

Flag of Germany.svg


Deutsch Deutschland - Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist ein Bundesstaat und ein Mitgliedsland der Europäischen Union. Sie liegt in Mitteleuropa und hat gemeinsame Grenzen mit Dänemark, Polen, Tschechien, Österreich, der Schweiz, Frankreich, Luxemburg, Belgien und den Niederlanden. Im Norden bilden die Nordsee und die Ostsee die natürlichen Staatsgrenzen. Damit ist die Bundesrepublik das Land mit den meisten Nachbarländern Europas.

Němska - Zwjazkowa republika Němska

Němska oficielnje Němska zwjazkowa republika je srjedźnoeuropski stat. Mjezuje z Danskej na sewjeru, z Nižozemskej, z Belgiskej a Luxemburgskej na zapadźe, z Francoskej na juhozapadźe, z Šwicarskej na juhu, z Awstriskej na juhu a na juhowuchodźe, z Čěskej a z Pólskej na wuchodźe, z Baltiskej morju na sewjerowuchodźe, z Sewjerskej morju na sewjerozapadźe.

Dansk[2] Tyskland - Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland
Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland er en føderal stat bestående af 16 delstater beliggende i det vestlige Mellemeuropa. Landet grænser i nord op til Danmark, i vest til Frankrig, Luxembourg, Belgien og Nederlandene, i syd til Schweiz og Østrig og i øst til Tjekkiet og Polen. Hovedstaden er Berlin.
Nedderdüütsch: Düütschland (Förbundsrepubliek Düütschland) is en Förbundsrepubliek, de in'n Zentrum vun Europa liggt un sik vun de Waterkant (Noord- un Oostsee) to de Alpen, vun'n Rhien to de Oder erstreckt. Navers sünd Belgien, de Nedderlannen, Däänmark, Polen, Tschechien, Österriek, de Swiez, Frankriek un Luxemburg. De Hööftstadt is Berlin. Düütschland warrt indeelt in Bundslänner.

Seeltersk: Ju Buundesrepublik Düütsklound is n Buundesstoat un n Meeglidstoat fon ju Europäiske Union. Dät lait in Middeleuropa un häd gemeensoame Scheede mäd Dänemark, Polen, Tschechien, Aastriek, de Swaits, Frankriek, Luxembuurich, Belgien un do Niederlounde. In dät Noude bildje ju Noudsee un ju Aastsee do natüürelke Stoatsscheede. Deermäd is et dät Lound mäd do maaste Noaberlounde fon Europa.
Allemanisch: Ditschlånd (Bundesrepublik Ditschlånd) isch an Schtaat in Mittleuropa und hot gmiinsame Grenza mit Dänemark, Pole, Tschechie, Eeschdtriich, dr Schwiiz, Frankriich, Luxeburg, Belgien und dr Niderlander. Im Norde bildet d`Nordsee und d`Oschdtsee a natirliche Grenz.

English Germany - Federal Republic of Germany

The Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered on the north by the North Sea, ► Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, on the east by ► Poland and the ► Czech Republic, on the south by ► Austria and ► Switzerland, and on the west by ► France, ► Luxembourg, ► Belgium (► Wallonia) and the ► Netherlands.

Short name  Germany
Official  name Federal Republic of Germany
Status Independent country since 843, but divided in various entities, united since 1871, re-united since 1990, member of the ► European Union since 1957
Location Central Europe
Capital Berlin
Population 82,310,000 inhabitants
Area 357,030 km²
Languages German (official)
Religions Protestantism, Roman Catholicism
More information Germany, Geography of Germany, History of Germany and Politics of Germany
More  images Germany - Germany (Category).

General maps

Deutschland Übersichtskarte.png
Deutsch: Übersichtskarte von Deutschland
Germany general map.png
English: General map of Germany
BRD.png Political map of Germany
Deutschland politisch bunt.png Political map of Germany
Deutschland (Städte).png Cities in Germany

Geographical distinctions

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Landkreise, Kreise und kreisfreie Städte in Deutschland 2011-09-04.svg Districts and district-free towns (yellow) in Germany

Geography maps

Deutschland Landschaften.png Physical geography I (with labelling of landscapes)
Deutschland topo.jpg Physical geography II (without labelling of landscapes)
Deutschland Naturraeumliche Grossregionen.png Main natural regions
Flusssystemkarte Rhein 02.jpg Catchment of the Rhine river

Human Geography maps

Einwohnerdichte Deutschland.png Population density

Geology maps

Geomap Germany.png Surficial geology (simplified)
Erdbebenzonen.png Earthquake hazard zones

History maps

Early History

Celts 800-400BC.PNG The southern part of present-day Germany is under the influence of Celt. This map shows the possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC

Die Kelten in Europa. Ocker: Kernbereich Nordwestalpine Hallstattkultur (ca. 750–500/450 v. Chr.) grün: Ausbreitung La-Tène-Kultur, bzw. orange: der keltischen Sprache (3. Jh. v. Chr.)
Distribution of Celts in Europe.png Another map of the Celts in Europe

Die Kelten in Europa

The Germanic tribes

Pre-roman iron age (map).PNG IN the first millenium BCE Germanic peoples enter from Scandinavia into present-day North Germany.

Proto-Germanische Völker
GERMANICEXPANSION.GIF This map shows the gradual expansion of their territory during the 1st millennium BCE
Ancient Germania - New York, Harper and Brothers 1849.jpg This (old) map shows Ancient Germania

Antikes Germanien

The Romans and the Germanic tribes

Druso in Germania per Wikipedia.JPG Drusus campaigns in Germany from 12 B.C. to 9 B.C.
Germania Enobarbo e Tiberio.jpg Tiberius campaigns (4-6 A.D.) and Domitius Aenobardus campaigns (3-1 B.C.) in Germany
Germania 7-9 Varo.jpg Germania provincia in 9 A.D.
Teutoburgo.jpg The battle of Teutoburgus (9 A.D.)
Germania Magna.jpg Germania Magna in 10 A.D.
Germania 14 Germanico jpg.jpg Germanicus' campaign in Germany in 14 A.D.
Germania 15 Germanico.jpg Germanicus' campaign in Germany in 15 A.D.
Germania 16 Germanico.jpg Germanicus' campaign in Germany in 16 A.D.
Battaglia Idistaviso.jpg The battle of Idistaviso between Germanicus and Arminius in 16 A.D..
Vallo angrivariano.jpg The battle of Angrivaran's Wall (16 A.D.)
Germania Magna.jpg Germanic peoples in Germany at the time of Augustus.
Pre Migration Age Germanic.png Around 68 BCE the ► Roman Empire conquers the south-west part of present-day Germany. The other parts remain under control of germanic tribes. Map showing the pre-Migration Age distribution of the Germanic tribes in Proto-Germanic times, and stages of their expansion up to 50 BC, AD 100 and AD 300. The extent of the Roman Empire in 68 BC and AD 117 is also shown.

Proto-Germanische Völker
Limes2.png Rhaetian and Upper Germanic Limes

Obergermanisch-raetischer Limes
Imperium Romanum Germania.png The Roman Empire in CE 120 and Germania

Das Römische Reich und Germanien im Jahre 120
Alemannia-260.png Alamanni

Die Alamannen
Alemanni expansion.png Further expansion

Territoriale Entwicklung der Alemannen
Extent of Western Roman Empire 395.png After the death of Theodosius I, the Roman Empire divides into the ► Western Roman Empire and the ► Eastern Roman Empire.

Die Teilung des Römischen Reiches um 395. Das Weströmische Reich im Jahre 395
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png After the division of the Western Roman Empire Germanic tribes enter the Empire and gradually take over control. This map shows invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
White serbia white croatia01.png White Serbia in the 6th century (around 560), according to the book of Francis Dvornik
Dervan.png Dervan's Serbia, 7th century

The Franks

Flag of None.svg 481-843: Frankish Empire - independent monarchy including present-day Germany ► Frankish Empire

Frankish Empire 481 to 814-en.svg The Franks become the dominant tribe and establish their realm. The Frankish Realm includes large parts of present-day Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland. In 751 the Carolingian dynasty comes to power with Pepin the Short, but his succesor, Charlemagne reunites in 771 the Frankish domains. Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans, or Roman Emperor in the West, by Pope Leo III in 800. This map shows the rise of the Frankish Empire
Flag of None.svg 843-962: East Frankish Empire (Regnum Francorum Orientalis) - independent monarchy

Treaty of Verdun.svg The Treaty of Verdun, 843, confirms the division of the Empire in three. The East Frankish Kingdom develops with the coronation of the first German king in 919 into the Kingdom of Germany, a feudal country, divided in a growing number of more or less independent states.
843-870 Europe.jpg This map shows the further division in the Treaty of Meerssen (870)

The Holy Roman Empire

Holy roman flag1806.png 962-1806: Holy Roman Empire (Heiliges Römisches Reich) - independent country

Central Europe 919-1125.jpg King Otto I of Germany conquers Italy and is crowned Emperor of the Romans in 962, forming what would come to be known as the Holy Roman Empire and in the 15th century as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (also referred to simply as Germany). This map shows Central Europe, i.e. the Kingdom of Germany, 919-1125.
Bayern im 10.Jh.png The Duchy of Bavaria in the 10th century
Mitteleuropa zur Zeit der Staufer.svg The Holy Roman Empire during the reign of the Hohenstaufens (13th century)

Hanseatic League

Haupthandelsroute Hanse.png Hanseatic trade routes
HRR 14Jh.jpg The Holy Roman Empire in the 14th century
Map of the Imperial Circles (1512)-en.png The Holy Roman Empire and its circles in 1512
HolyRomanEmpire 1618.png The religious situation in central Europe about 1618
Holyromanempire.png Area controlled by the Holy Roman Empire around 1630. The most important countries inside the empire (and partially outside) are ► Austria and ► Brandenburg-Prussia.
Holy Roman Empire 1648.svg The Holy Roman Empire in 1648, after the secession of the ► Netherlands and ► Switzerland.
HRR 1789.png The Holy Roman Empire in 1789, just before the French Revolution.


Map-Rheinbund-1812.png Under French pressure the Holy Roman Empire is dissolved in 1806. Germany fell apart in several countries from very small to rather big. In the period between 1806 en 1870 part of these states are member of several confederations. Between 1806 and 1870 the following states exist. In the following list the countries are listed with the membershops of the confederation. RB = Rhine Confederation (1806-1813), DB = German Confederation (1815-1866) and NB = North German Confederation (1866-1870). More information about these confederations can found in the next section.
  • Flagge Herzogtum Anhalt.svg Anhalt - Duchy of Anhalt, since 1863 - DB, NB
  • Flag of None.svg Anhalt-Bernburg - Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg, merged into Anhalt in 1863 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Anhalt-Dessau - Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau, continued as Anhalt since 1863 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Anhalt-Köthen - Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen, merged into Anhalt-Dessau in 1847 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Arenberg - Duchy of Arenberg, dissolved in 1814 - RB
  • Flag of the Grand Duchy of Berg (1806-1808).svg Berg - Grand Duchy of Berg, annexed to Prussia in 1813 - RB
  • Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen - Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, since 1814 - DB, NB
  • Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick - Duchy of Brunswick, since 1815 - DB, NB
  • Flag of the Free City of Frankfurt.svg Frankfurt - Free City of Frankfurt, between 1816 and the annexation to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  • Flag of None.svg Frankfurt - Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, since 1810, dissolved in 1813 - RB
  • Flag of Hamburg.svg Hamburg - Free Hanseatic City of Hamburg, since 1814 - DB, NB
  • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Hannover.svg Hanover - Kingdom of Hanover, between 1814 and the annexation to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  • Hessen HG flag.svg Hesse-Homburg - Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, since 1813, annexed to Hesse in 1866, later that year to Prussia - DB
  • Hessen KS flag.svg Hesse-Kassel - Electorate of Hesse, since 1813, annexed to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  • Flag of None.svg Hohengeroldseck - Principality of Hohengeroldseck, annexed to Austria in 1815 - RB
  • Flag of None.svg Holstein - Duchy of Holstein, in personal union with Denmark, annexed to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  • Flag of None.svg Isenburg - Sovereign Principality of Isenburg, annexed to France in 1810 - RB
  • Flag of None.svg Lauenburg - Duchy of (Saxe-)Lauenburg, since 1864 - DB, NB
  • Flag of the Free City of Lübeck.svg Lübeck - Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck, since 1814 - DB, NB
  • Flag of None.svg Nassau - Duchy of Nassau - RB, DB
  • Oldenburg Flagge.jpg Oldenburg - (Grand) Duchy of Oldenburg - RB, DB, NB
  • Flag of Prussia (1892-1918).svg Prussia - Kingdom of Prussia - DB, NB - Maps in the Atlas of Germany. Prussia becomes fully independent outside the French influence.
  • Flag of None.svg Reuss-Ebersdorf - Principality of Reuss-Ebersdorfcontinued by Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf in 1824 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Reuss-Lobenstein - Principality of Reuss-Lobensteincontinued by Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf in 1824 - RB, DB
  • Flagge Fürstentum Reuß jüngere Linie.svg Reuss-Schleiz - Principality of Reuss-Schleiz, continued by Reuss Younger Line in 1848 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Salm - Principality of Salm, annexed to France in 1810 - RB
  • Flag of None.svg Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld - Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, reorganized into Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in 1826 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Saze-Eisenach - Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach, merged into Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1809 - RB
  • Flag of None.svg Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg - Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, divided between Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg in 1826 - RB, DB
  • Flag of None.svg Saxe-Weimar - Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, continued by Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1809 - RB
  • Flagge Königreich Sachsen (1815-1918).svg Saxony - Kingdom of Saxony - RB, DB, NB
  • Flag of None.svg Westphalia - Kingdom of Westphalia, dissolved in 1813, e.g. into Hesse-Kassel and Hanover, member since 1807 - RB
  • Flag of None.svg Würzburg - Grand Duchy of Würzburg, annexed by Bavaria in 1813 - RB

The confederations

Flag of France.svg 1806-1813: Rhine Confederation (Rheinbund) - confederation of French satellite states

Rheinbund 1808, political map.png As a result of the Napoleonic war the German Empire is replaced in 1806 by the Confederation of the Rhine.
1french-empire1811.jpg At the same time and in the following years parts of Germany are annexed to the ► French Empire in 1811
Rheinbund 1812, political map.png The Confederation of the Rhine in 1812
Wappen Deutscher Bund.svg 1815-1867: German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) - confederation of German states, including Prussia and Austria

Deutscher Bund.png After the defeat of France in 1813, there is no central authority in Germany, but at the Vienna Congress in 1815, the German Confederation, a loose confederation of states in Germany including Prussia and Austria, is founded.
Map-GermanConfederation.svg Borders of the German Confederation in 1820
Map-AustroPrussianWar.svg After a revolution in 1848 Germany is temporarily united in the German Empire, but the next year the German Confederation is restored. The confederation comes to an end after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. This map shows the alliances of the member-states of the German Confederation in the Austro-Prussian War, 1866
Map-AustroPrussianWar-annexed.svg This map shows the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War (1866).
Flag of the German Empire.svg 1867-1871: North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) - confederation of North German states, led by Prussia

Noord-Duitse Bond.png In 1867 the North German states form the North German Confederation, a loose confederation of states. Baden, Bavaria, Württemberg and the south part of Hesse remained outside the North German Confederation. In a way they were independent between 1867 and 1871, when they joined the German Empire.
Norddeutscher Bund.png This map shows the North German Confederation (1867-1871)

German Empire

Flag of the German Empire.svg 1871-1918: German Empire (Deutsches Reich) - independent monarchy, led by Prussia

Map-deutsches-kaiserreich.png In 1871 the German states, ► Austria not included, unite into the German Empire.
German Empire, Wilhelminian third version.png Map of the German Empire
Deutsches Reich (1871-1918)-de.svg Germany 1871-1914
Prussiamap.gif Prussia in the German Empire 1871-1918
Verbreitung der Konfessionen im deutschen Reich.jpg The distribution of Christian denominations in the German Empire, ca. 1895
Verbreitung der Juden im deutschen Reich.jpg The distribution of Judaism in the German Empire, ca. 1895
Ger demands 1915.jpg Emperor William II's dynamic expansion of military power contribute to tensions on the continent. The fragile European balance of power, which Bismarck had helped to create, breaks down in 1914. World War I is a fact. This map shows Germany's demands in 1915 according to British propaganda.
Germany future 1917.jpg British propaganda publication "Germany's Future", allegedly according to an officially circulated pamphlet published in the beginning of 1917.
German colonialism
Deutsche Kolonien.PNG Map showing in blue the German colonies at the beginning of World War I

Weimar Republic

Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg 1918-1933: German Empire (Deutsches Reich) - independent republic

German territorial losses 1919 and 1945.svg The aftermath, including the Treaty of Versailles, leads to the end of the monarchy and to territorial losses, shown by this map. The ► Saar region is separated from Germany, as are eastern parts of Germany (to ► Poland), the ► Memel Territory and the ► Free City of Danzig. The German Empire becomes a republic.
Karte des Deutschen Reiches, Weimarer Republik-Drittes Reich 1919–1937.svg Germany 1918-1937
Nationalversammlung Karte.png Übersichtskarte der Wahlen zur Nationalversammlung 1919
Map for the National Assembly in 1919
Deutsches Reich 1925 b.png Germany in 1925

Nazi Germany

Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg 1933–1945: (Greater) German Empire ((Gross)Deutsches Reich) - independent republic

Deutschesreich1939.png Germany in 1939
Duitsland31081939.png After the invasion of ► Poland World War II is a fact. Germany invades and occupies a lot of European countries and the NSDAP implements a program of genocide, at first through incarceration and forced labor and then by establishing death camps. This map shows the borders of Germany on August 31, 1939

Die deutsche Grenze, 31. August, 1939
Reichsgaue.png Administrative districts in territories under the control of Nazi Germany in 1941.

Großdeutschland im Jahre 1941
Second world war europe 1941-1942 map en.png Eastern front of the Second World War circa 1941-1942.
NS administrative Gliederung 1944.png Administrative units of the NSDAP 1944
Grossdeutsches Reich NS Administration 1944.png Germany 1944 (German)
Greater German Reich NS Administration 1944.png Germany 1944 (English)
[[|border|251x400px]] Main German Nazi concentration and extermination camps. Bordures from 1943.
Germany Morgenthau Plan.png Several plans, such as the Morgenthau Plan exist for the division and dismemberment of Germany after its defeat. Germany is to be divided into two separate states, while the Ruhr and its surrounding territories are to become an Internationally administered area. The Saar, East Prussia, and Upper Silesia are to be removed from Germany .
Duitslandroosevelt.png Another plan is the Roosevelt Plan
Bakker Schut-plan.PNG The Bakker Schut plan is a Dutch plan for the annexation of border regions.

Germany after the Nazis

Merchant flag of Germany (1946–1949).svg 1945-1949: Occupied Germany - country under occupation of the allied powers

Vertreibungsgebiet.jpg During the Yalta Conference in February 1945, and during the Potsdam Comference of August 1945 the Allies discussed the dismemberment and annexation of German territory. As context data in the discussions with their Allies the United States Department of State created a map roughly showing how many millions of German that they would have to deport as a consequence of the various proposals for a new German border in the east.
Germanborders.png After Germany's unconditional surrender in 1945, the German Empire is dissolved and the United States, the United Kingdom, the USSR and, later, France occupy the country and assume responsibility for its administration.
Germany 1949 Status.PNG In 1949, while the Industrial plans for Germany are being carried out, the country has been divided and dismembered. The Former eastern territories of Germany have been detached, as has an expanded Saarland. While not detached, the Ruhr area is under the control of the International Authority for the Ruhr and Berlin has been split in two.
Oder-neisse.gif Oder-neisse
Germany occupation zones with border.jpg Map of the occupation zones in Germany, 1945. It uses the German borders from 1937 since the Allies had decided to invalidate the 1938 German annexation of the German speaking Sudetenland and the Anschluss of Austria. It shows what would become the Inner German border in black and It also shows the area from which U.S. and British troops withdrew in the summer of 1945, including parts of the Sudetenland (which thereafter was ethnically cleansed).
Map-Germany-1947.svg Occupation Zones in Germany in 1947, using the 1937 external borders. It shows how the French have detached the Saar and turned it into a protectorate and the East German territories (east of the Oder-neisse line) that are under Polish and Soviet administration (de-facto annexation). In West German politics the annexation of the Eastern quarter of Germany remained for decades regarded as only temporary and the land was still considered German despite the 1944-1950 Expulsion of Germans after World War II, partly due to the political influence of this group of more than 12 million people, most of which now were in West Germany.
Deutschland Besatzungszonen 1945.png The commanders in chief exercised supreme authority in their respective zones and act in concert on questions affecting the whole country. ► Saarland becomes a separate polity aligned with France. Some Eastern parts are incorporated into Poland and the USSR. The German capital Berlin gets a separate status. Though the United States, the United Kingdom and the USSR agree in 1945 to treat Germany as a single economic unit with some central administrative departments in a decentralized framework, Soviet policy turns increasingly toward dominating that part of Europe where their armies are present, including eastern Germany. The United States and the United Kingdom move to establish a nucleus for a future German government by creating a central Economic Council for their two zones. The program later provides for a constituent assembly, an occupation statute governing relations between the Allies and the German authorities, and the political and economic merger of the French with the British and American zones.
Deutschland Besatzungszonen 1945 1946.png 1945-1946
Soviet Sector Germany.png Soviet Sector of Germany (1945-1949), shown with pre-war German borders
Occupied Berlin.svg In 1948 the Soviets, in an attempt to abrogate agreements for Four-Power control of the city, blockade Berlin. Until May 1949 the Allied-occupied part of Berlin is kept supplied only by an Allied airlift. The "Berlin airlift" succeeds in forcing the Soviets to accept, for the time being, the Allied role and the continuation of freedom in a portion of the city, West Berlin. This map shows the four sectors of the occupied Berlin[4]
Occupiedberlin.png The four sectors of Berlin

Divided Germany

Flag of Germany.svg 1949-present: Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) - independent federal republic

LocationWestGermany.png The United States and the United Kingdom move to establish a nucleus for a future German government by creating a central Economic Council for their two zones. The program later provides for a constituent assembly, an occupation statute governing relations between the Allies and the German authorities, and the political and economic merger of the French with the British and American zones. With the support of the United States, the United Kingdom and France the Federal Republic of Germany is constituted in 1949. At the same time in the USSR occupation zone the ► German Democratic Republic is established.
Deutschland Bundeslaender 1949.png States in 1949
Industry Allocation.jpg Dismantling of "surplus" German heavy industry as reparations had the goal of lowering German standards of living to pre-defined minimum subsistence levels and thereby permanently removing the German industrial capacity to wage war. In West Germany the dismantling, which by then was occuring principaly in the Steel industry of the Ruhr area and had slowed down considerably, was ended in 1951 in connection with the German signing of the treaty for the European Coal and Steel Community.
Deutschland Bundeslaender 1952.png States in 1952
Deutschland Bundeslaender 1957.png In 1957 Saar rejoined the Federal Republic of Germany. This map shows the states in 1957
Karte berliner mauer de.png The Berlin Wall is the symbol of the controversy over Berlin.

United Germany: Federal Republic of Germany

Deutschland Bundeslaender 1990.png After the collapse of the communist regime in 1990 the German Democratic Republic is incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany. Berlin becomes a constituent part of Germany.
Germany Laender 1947 1990.png German federate states, the Länder, as created 1945-1947 after WWII. In red as of united Germany BRD in 1990.

Linguistic maps

Legal statuses of German in the world.svg German language througout the world
The development of the German linguistic area.gif The development of the Germanic linguistic area
German dialectal map.PNG Map of German dialects
Continental West Germanic languages.png Dialectal ranges (not those of standard languages) of the Continental West Germanic languages
Deutsche Mundarten.PNG Green: High German
Blue: Middle German
Orange: Low German
Light orange: Dutch
Rose (light and intense): Frisian
Light blue: Limburgish
Heutige deutsche Mundarten.PNG German dialects
Low Saxon language area.png Low Saxon dialects since 1945

Religion maps

Deutschland Kirchenprovinzen kath.png Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical provinces
Deutschland Landeskirchen ev 2012.svg The member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany
Konfessionen Deutschland Zensus 2011.png Church membership, 2011
Evangelisch Zensus 2011.png Membership in the Evangelical Church in Germany, 2011
Katholisch Zensus 2011.png Membership in the Roman Catholic Church in Germany, 2011
Konfessionslos Zensus 2011.png Membership in other religious groups as well as irreligion, 2011

Other maps

Autobahnen in Deutschland.svg Motorways (Autobahnen) in Germany
Autobahnen in D mit Landkreisgrenzen, 2007.svg Motorways (Autobahnen) in Germany with borders of counties
Bahn-Streckenkarte Deutschland-06-2010.png German railways
Flughäfen in Deutschland.png Airports in Germany
Vergleich Flughafen Deutschland.png Comparison of international airports in Germany
Karte der ÖPNV-Systeme in Deutschland 2008.png Public transport systems in Germany
Karte der Verkehrsverbünde und Tarifverbünde in Deutschland.png Public transport associations in Germany
Kernkraftwerke in Deutschland.png Nuclear energy in Germany
Forschungsreaktoren in Deutschland.png Research nuclear energy in Germany
Karte Höchstspannungsnetz Deutschland.png Höchstspannungsnetz Deutschland
Windkraftanlagen in Deutschland.png Windkraftanlagen in Deutschland (2011)
SolarGIS-Solar-map-Germany-de.png Sonnenstrahlung Karte – Deutschland
Karte Briefzentren Deutsche Post AG.png Centres of Deutsche Post AG for distribute letters
ARD Karte.svg Map of the ARD member broadcasters
Karte Deutschland Grünes Band.png Map of German Green Belt
Karte Naturparks Deutschland high.png Wildlife parks in Germany
Karte Nationalparks Deutschland high.png National parks in Germany
Karte Biosphärenreservate Deutschland.png Biosphere Reserves in Germany
German wine regions.jpg Wine regions
Schauhöhlen in Deutschland.png Show caves in Germany
Planetarien in Deutschland.png Planetariums in Germany
Deutschland UNESCO Welterbestätten.png World Heritage Sites in Germany
Kfz-Kennzeichen Deutschlands.svg Car number plates
Kopftuch im Schuldienst Deutschland.png Kopftuchverbote im Schuldienst in Deutschland

See also

Satellite maps

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Sorbian is a recognized minority language in eastern Germany.
  2. Danish is a recognized minority language in northern Germany.
  3. In fact there was no stat Archbishopric of Mayence, but the Archbishop was member of the Confederation. He was the ruler of countries like the Principalities of Aschaffenburg and Regensburg and the County of Wetzlar
  4. See for more maps of Berlin: Maps of Berlin

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas • Historical atlas • Index of the Atlas • Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
Quick reference • Historical maps of the world • Old maps
Physical and topographical • Political • Geological • People • Time and time zones • Projections of the globe
Africa • North and South America • Antarctica • Asia • Europe

(History, European Union) • Oceania • Oceans

Administrative divisions • International organizations • Languages • Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory • Antiquity • Middle Ages • Rise of Islam • Early Modern Age • Early American Societies • Early Asian Societies • Age of Renaissance • Colonialism • Stielers Handatlas 1891 • 20th Century • World War I • World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan • Albania • Algeria • Andorra • Angola • Antigua and Barbuda • Argentina • Armenia • Australia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Bahamas • Bahrain • Bangladesh • Barbados • Belarus • Belgium • Belize • Benin • Bhutan • Bolivia • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Botswana • Brazil • Brunei • Bulgaria • Burkina Faso • Burundi • Cambodia • Cameroon • Canada • Cape Verde • Central African Republic • Chad • Chile • China • Colombia • Comoros • Congo (Democratic Republic) • Congo (Republic) • Costa Rica • Côte d’Ivoire • Croatia • Cuba • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Djibouti • Dominica • Dominican Republic • East Timor • Ecuador • Egypt • El Salvador • Equatorial Guinea • Eritrea • Estonia • Ethiopia • Fiji • Finland • France • Gabon • Gambia • Georgia • Germany • Ghana • Greece • Grenada • Guatemala • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Guyana • Haiti • Honduras • Hungary • Iceland • India • Indonesia • Iran • Iraq • Ireland • Israel • Italy • Jamaica • Japan • Jordan • Kazakhstan • Kenya • Kiribati • Korea (Democratic People’s Republic) • Korea (Republic) • Kuwait • Kyrgyzstan • Laos • Latvia • Lebanon • Lesotho • Liberia • Libya • Liechtenstein • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Macedonia (Republic) • Madagascar • Malawi • Malaysia • Maldives • Mali • Malta • Marshall Islands • Mauritania • Mauritius • Mexico • Micronesia (Federated States) • Moldova • Monaco • Mongolia • Montenegro • Morocco • Mozambique • Myanmar • Namibia • Nauru • Nepal • The Netherlands • New Zealand • Nicaragua • Niger • Nigeria • Norway • Oman • Pakistan • Palau • Panama • Papua New Guinea • Paraguay • Peru • Philippines • Poland • Portugal • Qatar • Romania • Russia • Rwanda • Saint Kitts and Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • Samoa • San Marino • São Tomé and Príncipe • Saudi Arabia • Senegal • Serbia • Seychelles • Sierra Leone • Singapore • Slovakia • Slovenia • Solomon Islands • Somalia • South Africa • South Sudan • Spain • Sri Lanka • Sudan • Suriname • Swaziland • Sweden • Switzerland • Syria • Tajikistan • Tanzania • Thailand • Togo • Tonga • Trinidad and Tobago • Tunisia • Turkey • Turkmenistan • Tuvalu • Uganda • Ukraine • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • United States • Uruguay • Uzbekistan • Vanuatu • Vatican City • Venezuela • Vietnam • Yemen • Zambia • Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia • Artsakh • China (Republic)/Taiwan • Kosovo • Northern Cyprus • Palestine • Somaliland • South Ossetia • Tamil Eelam • Tatarstan • Transnistria • Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • American Samoa • Anguilla • Aruba • Ascension Island • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Bermuda • Bouvet Island • British Indian Ocean Territory • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Christmas Island • Clipperton Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Curaçao • Faroe Islands • French Guiana • French Polynesia • French Southern and Antarctic Lands • Gibraltar • Greenland • Guadeloupe • Guam • Guantanamo Bay • Guernsey • Heard Island and McDonald Islands • Hong Kong • Howland Island • Isle of Man • Jan Mayen • Jarvis Island • Jersey • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Macau • Martinique • Mayotte • Midway Atoll • Montserrat • Navassa Island • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Pitcairn Islands • Puerto Rico • Réunion • Saint Helena • Saint-Barthélemy • Saint Martin (France) • Sint Maarten (Netherlands) • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Svalbard • Tokelau • Tristan da Cunha • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Crimea • Kurdistan (Syrian) • Kashmir • Paracel Islands • Spratly Islands • Falkland Islands • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands • Bajo Nuevo Bank • Serranilla Bank

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh • Adjara • Adygea • Altai • Andalusia • Aosta Valley • Aragon • Asturias • Athos • Azores • Balearic Islands • Bashkortostan • Basque Autonomous Community • Bonaire • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) • Bougainville • Brussels • Buryatia • Canary Islands • Catalonia • Chechnya • Chuvashia • Corsica • Dagestan • Easter Island • England • Extremadura • Flanders • Friuli-Venezia Giulia • Gagauzia • Galicia • Galápagos Islands • Gilgit–Baltistan • Gorno-Badakhshan • Guangxi • Ingushetia • Inner Mongolia • Kabardino-Balkaria • Kalmykia • Karachay-Cherkessia • Karakalpakstan • Karelia • Khakassia • Komi • Kurdistan (Iraqi) • Madeira • Mari El • Muslim Mindanao • Mordovia • Nakhichevan • Navarre • Nevis • Ningxia • North Ossetia-Alania • Northern Ireland • Nunatsiavut • Quebec • Saba • Sakha • Sardinia • Scotland • Sicily • Sindh • Sint Eustatius • Srpska • Tibet • Tłı̨chǫ • Trentino-Alto Adige • Tuva • Udmurtia • Vojvodina • Wales • Wallonia • Xinjiang • Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country • Burzenland • Catalan Countries • Frisia • Kurdistan • Manchuria • Sápmi • Svenskfinland • Székely Land • Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary • Byzantine Empire • Caliphate • Czechoslovakia • Republic of West Florida • Frankish Empire • Kingdom of Hawaiʻi • Inca Empire • Iroquois Confederacy • Macedonian Empire • Ottoman Empire • Prussia • Roman Empire • Soviet Union • Republic of Texas • Vermont Republic • Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles