Tristan da Cunha is a group of remote islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, 2816 km (1750 miles) from ► South Africa and 3360 km (2088 miles) from South America. Latitude -37.1136° Longitude -12.2839°. It is a dependency of the British overseas territory of ► Saint Helena, 2161 km (1350 miles) to the north. The territory consists of the main island, Tristan da Cunha (98 km²), as well as several uninhabited islands: Inaccessible Island and the Nightingale Islands. Gough Island, situated 395 km south east of the main island, is also part of the territory.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Tristan da Cunha, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Tristan da Cunha.
Tristan da Cunha is discovered by Portugal in 1506. The island remains unsettled until 1810, when the island is settled by a group of Americans. In 1816 the United Kingdom takes possession of Tristan da Cunha. In 1938 Tristan da Cunha is made a dependency of Saint Helena.
Notes and references
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