Atlas of the European Union

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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
 
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Location European Union.svg
European Union

Flag of Europe.svg

European Union

Native names Native names in the official languages:
Deutsch Europäische Union

Die Europäische Union' (EU) ist ein aus 27 europäischen Staaten bestehender Staatenverbund eigener Prägung (sui generis). Die Bevölkerung der EU umfasst derzeit rund 498 Millionen Einwohner. Im EU-Binnenmarkt erwirtschaften die Mitgliedstaaten zusammen das größte Bruttoinlandsprodukt der Welt. Gegenwärtig basiert die Europäische Union auf dem am 1. November 1993 in Kraft getretenen Vertrag über die Europäische Union und bildet die Dachkonstruktion der sogenannten drei „Säulen“ Europäische Gemeinschaften (EG), Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik (GASP) sowie Polizeiliche und justizielle Zusammenarbeit in Strafsachen (PJZS).

English European Union - European Union

The European Union (EU) is a unique supranational and intergovernmental union of 27 democratic member states. The population of the EU currently has around 498 million inhabitants. In the EU single market, the Member States together generate the largest gross domestic product in the world. The European Union was established under that name in 1992 by the Treaty on European Union (the Maastricht Treaty). Many aspects of the Union existed before that date through a series of predecessor relationships, dating back to 1951.

Español Unión Europea

La Unión Europea supone la coordinación económica de los pueblos europeos para evitar conflictos económicos internos que puedan volver a llevar a Europa a su debacle. También es una respuesta de los estados del bienestar contra la economía puramente capitalista de otras países. En la actualidad la forman 27 democracias con el 30,3% del PIB mundial (Según Banco Mundial a 2005).

Français Union Européenne

L’Union européenne, née le 7 février 1992, lors de la signature du traité sur l'Union européenne à Maastricht par les douze États membres de la Communauté économique européenne (CEE), est une union intergouvernementale et supranationale composée de 27 États. L'UE est la première puissance économique de la planète avec 30,30 % du PIB mondial (Banque mondiale, Total GDP, 2005).

Português União Europeia

A União Europeia (UE) é uma união económica e política de 27 Estados-membros independentes situados principalmente na Europa.11 A UE tem as suas origens na Comunidade Europeia do Carvão e do Aço (CECA) e na Comunidade Económica Europeia (CEE), formadas por seis países em 1957. Nos anos que se seguiram, o território da UE foi aumentando de dimensão através da adesão de novos Estados-membros, ao mesmo tempo que aumentava a sua esfera de influência através da inclusão de novas competências políticas.


Short name  European Union
Official name European Union
Status Partly quasi-federal union of 27 European countries, founded de-facto in 1952 (present name since 1992), members countries are: ► Austria, ► Belgium, ► Bulgaria, ► Croatia, ► Cyprus, ► Czech Republic, ► Denmark, ► Estonia, ► Finland, ► France, ► Germany, ► Greece, ► Hungary, ► Ireland, ► Italy, ► Latvia, ► Lithuania, ► Luxembourg, ► Malta, the ► Netherlands, ► Poland, ► Portugal, ► Romania, ► Slovakia, ► Slovenia, ► Spain, and ► Sweden
Location Europe
Capital Brussels, some institutions in Frankfurt, Luxembourg City, and Strasbourg
Population 447,007,596 inhabitants
Area 4,233,262 square kilometres (1,634,472 sq mi)
Major languages The official languages of the member states
Major religions Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodoxy etc.
More information European Union, Geography of the European Union, History of the European Union and Politics of the European Union
More images European Union - European Union (Category).

General maps

Location European Union.svg Location of the European Union
Localisation de l'Union européene
Localización en un mapamundi
Localização da União Europeia
European Union as a single entity.svg European Union as a single entity
l'Union européene comme une unité unique
A União Europeia como uma entidade única
European Union member states by form of government.svg Member states by form of government
European Union member states by internal structure.png Member states by internal structure:
European Union member states by number of houses.svg Member states by parliamentary houses:
EU monarchies by succession.svg EU monarchies by way of succesion:
 
Male-preference cognatic primogeniture, to be changed to absolute primogeniture
 
EU members without monarchy
European Union neighbour states by freedom.svg Freedom in Europe according to Freedom House:
 
Free
 
Partly free
 
Not free
EU-GDP-PPP-pc-map.png European Union GDP
PIB par habitant de l'Union Européennne
European union emu map en.png European Economic and Monetary Union
Union économique et monétaire
União económica e monetária
European union erdf map en.png European Regional Development Fund
Fonds européen de développement régional


States and territories

European Union map.svg Member states of the European Union (map 1)
États membres de l'Union européene
Países miembros
Estados-membros
European Union main map.svg Member states of the European Union (map 2)
États membres de l'Union européene
Países miembros
Estados-membros
Special member state territories and the European Union.svg

Special territories of the European Union:

 
European Union (EU)
 
Outermost regions (OMR)
 
Overseas countries and territories (OCT)
 
Special cases
 
Other special territories

Les pays et territoires d'outre-mer (ou PTOM) sont des dépendances et territoires d'outre-mer des pays membres de l'Union européenne:
 
Union Européenne (UE)
 
Régions ultrapériphériques (RUP)
 
Pays et territoires d'outre-mer (PTOM)
 
Cas spéciaux
 
Autres territoires spéciaux

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day the European Union, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day the European Union.

EC-EU-enlargement animation.gif Enlargement of the European Union
ECSC52.png Original members of the European Coal and Steel Community
EC06-1957-58 European Community map.svg The European Communities in 1957
EC09-1973 European Community map.svg The European Communities in 1973
EC10-1981 European Community map.svg The European Communities in 1981
EC12-1986 European Community map.svg The European Communities in 1986
EC12-1990 European Community map.svg The European Communities in 1990
EU15-1995 European Union map.svg The European Union in 1995
EU25-2004 European Union map.svg The European Union in 2004
EU27-2007 European Union map.svg The European Union in 2007
EU28-2013 European Union map.svg The European Union in 2013
European Union main map.svg The European Union in 2020
Further European Union Enlargement.svg De jure status of the potential enlargement of the European Union:
 
Current member states
 
Former member states
 
Recognised candidates
 
Recognised by the EU as potential candidates which have submitted an application
 
Recognised by the EU as potential candidates which have not yet applied for membership
 
States which have submitted an application but are not recognised by the EU as potential candidates
 
States which have withdrawn their applications and which are members of the European Free Trade Association


Eurozone

Euro accession.svg

Euro Accesion:

 
Eurozone (16)
 
EU member obliged to join the Eurozone by the Maastricht Treaty (9)
 
EU member with a derogation on euro participation (1)
 
EU member planning to hold a referendum on the euro and with a derogation on euro participation (1)
 
Area using the euro with an agreement (5)
 
Area using the euro without an agreement (4)
Euro outside.svg Relations with the Euro:
 
Eurozone countries
 
EU member with currency pegged to the euro
 
EU members with free-floating currencies
 
non-EU members with free-floating currencies
 
non-EU member with currency pegged to the euro
 
countries/territories outside the Eurozone that use the Euro
Eurozone2007.png Relations with the Euro:
 
current Eurozone countries
 
ERM II members
 
EU member with currency pegged to the euro
 
non-Eurozone EU members
 
territories outside the Eurozone using the euro
 
non-EU member with currency pegged to the euro


Schengen Agreement

Schengen Agreement map.svg Schengen Agreement:
 
Schengen Agreement members
 
Legally bound to join
 
Cooperating countries
Schengenzone.svg Schengen Agreement:
 
Fully Schengen members (EU member states which have implemented the Schengen Agreement)
 
Associated Schengen members (non-EU member states which have implemented the Schengen Agreement)
 
Other EU member states (EU member states which have not implemented the Schengen Agreement yet)
 
EU member states which apply only some Schengen laws

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas   ■ Historical atlas   ■ Index of the Atlas   ■ Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
Quick reference   ■ Historical maps of the world   ■ Old maps
Physical and topographical   ■ Political   ■ Geological   ■ People   ■ Time and time zones   ■ Projections of the globe
Africa   ■ North and South America   ■ Antarctica   ■ Asia   ■ Europe

(History, European Union)   ■ Oceania   ■ Oceans

Themes
Administrative divisions   ■ International organizations   ■ Languages   ■ Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory   ■ Antiquity   ■ Middle Ages   ■ Rise of Islam   ■ Early Modern Age   ■ Early American Societies   ■ Early Asian Societies   ■ Age of Renaissance   ■ Colonialism   ■ Stielers Handatlas 1891   ■ 20th Century   ■ World War I   ■ World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan   ■ Albania   ■ Algeria   ■ Andorra   ■ Angola   ■ Antigua and Barbuda   ■ Argentina   ■ Armenia   ■ Australia   ■ Austria   ■ Azerbaijan   ■ Bahamas   ■ Bahrain   ■ Bangladesh   ■ Barbados   ■ Belarus   ■ Belgium   ■ Belize   ■ Benin   ■ Bhutan   ■ Bolivia   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina   ■ Botswana   ■ Brazil   ■ Brunei   ■ Bulgaria   ■ Burkina Faso   ■ Burundi   ■ Cambodia   ■ Cameroon   ■ Canada   ■ Cape Verde   ■ Central African Republic   ■ Chad   ■ Chile   ■ China   ■ Colombia   ■ Comoros   ■ Congo (Democratic Republic)   ■ Congo (Republic)   ■ Costa Rica   ■ Côte d’Ivoire   ■ Croatia   ■ Cuba   ■ Cyprus   ■ Czech Republic   ■ Denmark   ■ Djibouti   ■ Dominica   ■ Dominican Republic   ■ East Timor   ■ Ecuador   ■ Egypt   ■ El Salvador   ■ Equatorial Guinea   ■ Eritrea   ■ Estonia   ■ Eswatini   ■ Ethiopia   ■ Fiji   ■ Finland   ■ France   ■ Gabon   ■ Gambia   ■ Georgia   ■ Germany   ■ Ghana   ■ Greece   ■ Grenada   ■ Guatemala   ■ Guinea   ■ Guinea-Bissau   ■ Guyana   ■ Haiti   ■ Honduras   ■ Hungary   ■ Iceland   ■ India   ■ Indonesia   ■ Iran   ■ Iraq   ■ Ireland   ■ Israel   ■ Italy   ■ Jamaica   ■ Japan   ■ Jordan   ■ Kazakhstan   ■ Kenya   ■ Kiribati   ■ Korea (Democratic People’s Republic)   ■ Korea (Republic)   ■ Kuwait   ■ Kyrgyzstan   ■ Laos   ■ Latvia   ■ Lebanon   ■ Lesotho   ■ Liberia   ■ Libya   ■ Liechtenstein   ■ Lithuania   ■ Luxembourg   ■ Madagascar   ■ Malawi   ■ Malaysia   ■ Maldives   ■ Mali   ■ Malta   ■ Marshall Islands   ■ Mauritania   ■ Mauritius   ■ Mexico   ■ Micronesia (Federated States)   ■ Moldova   ■ Monaco   ■ Mongolia   ■ Montenegro   ■ Morocco   ■ Mozambique   ■ Myanmar   ■ Namibia   ■ Nauru   ■ Nepal   ■ Netherlands   ■ New Zealand   ■ Nicaragua   ■ Niger   ■ Nigeria   ■ North Macedonia   ■ Norway   ■ Oman   ■ Pakistan   ■ Palau   ■ Panama   ■ Papua New Guinea   ■ Paraguay   ■ Peru   ■ Philippines   ■ Poland   ■ Portugal   ■ Qatar   ■ Romania   ■ Russia   ■ Rwanda   ■ Saint Kitts and Nevis   ■ Saint Lucia   ■ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   ■ Samoa   ■ San Marino   ■ São Tomé and Príncipe   ■ Saudi Arabia   ■ Senegal   ■ Serbia   ■ Seychelles   ■ Sierra Leone   ■ Singapore   ■ Slovakia   ■ Slovenia   ■ Solomon Islands   ■ Somalia   ■ South Africa   ■ South Sudan   ■ Spain   ■ Sri Lanka   ■ Sudan   ■ Suriname   ■ Sweden   ■ Switzerland   ■ Syria   ■ Tajikistan   ■ Tanzania   ■ Thailand   ■ Togo   ■ Tonga   ■ Trinidad and Tobago   ■ Tunisia   ■ Turkey   ■ Turkmenistan   ■ Tuvalu   ■ Uganda   ■ Ukraine   ■ United Arab Emirates   ■ United Kingdom   ■ United States   ■ Uruguay   ■ Uzbekistan   ■ Vanuatu   ■ Vatican City   ■ Venezuela   ■ Vietnam   ■ Yemen   ■ Zambia   ■ Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia   ■ Artsakh   ■ Kosovo   ■ Northern Cyprus   ■ Palestine   ■ Somaliland   ■ South Ossetia   ■ Taiwan   ■ Tatarstan   ■ Transnistria   ■ Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia   ■ Åland   ■ American Samoa   ■ Anguilla   ■ Aruba   ■ Ascension Island   ■ Ashmore and Cartier Islands   ■ Baker Island   ■ Bermuda   ■ Bouvet Island   ■ British Indian Ocean Territory   ■ British Virgin Islands   ■ Cayman Islands   ■ Christmas Island   ■ Clipperton Island   ■ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   ■ Cook Islands   ■ Coral Sea Islands   ■ Curaçao   ■ Faroe Islands   ■ French Guiana   ■ French Polynesia   ■ French Southern and Antarctic Lands   ■ Gibraltar   ■ Greenland   ■ Guadeloupe   ■ Guam   ■ Guantanamo Bay   ■ Guernsey   ■ Heard Island and McDonald Islands   ■ Hong Kong   ■ Howland Island   ■ Isle of Man   ■ Jan Mayen   ■ Jarvis Island   ■ Jersey   ■ Johnston Atoll   ■ Kingman Reef   ■ Macau   ■ Martinique   ■ Mayotte   ■ Midway Atoll   ■ Montserrat   ■ Navassa Island   ■ New Caledonia   ■ Niue   ■ Norfolk Island   ■ Northern Mariana Islands   ■ Palmyra Atoll   ■ Pitcairn Islands   ■ Puerto Rico   ■ Réunion   ■ Saint Helena   ■ Saint Martin (France)   ■ Saint-Barthélemy   ■ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon   ■ Sint Maarten (Netherlands)   ■ Svalbard   ■ Tokelau   ■ Tristan da Cunha   ■ Turks and Caicos Islands   ■ United States Virgin Islands   ■ Wake Island   ■ Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank   ■ Crimea   ■ Falkland Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Kurdistan (Syrian)   ■ Kashmir   ■ Ladakh   ■ Paracel Islands   ■ Serranilla Bank   ■ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands   ■ Spratly Islands   ■

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh   ■ Adjara   ■ Adygea   ■ Altai   ■ Andalusia   ■ Aosta Valley   ■ Aragon   ■ Asturias   ■ Athos   ■ Azores   ■ Balearic Islands   ■ Bashkortostan   ■ Basque Autonomous Community   ■ Bonaire   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of)   ■ Bougainville   ■ Brussels   ■ Buryatia   ■ Canary Islands   ■ Catalonia   ■ Chechnya   ■ Chuvashia   ■ Corsica   ■ Dagestan   ■ Easter Island   ■ England   ■ Extremadura   ■ Flanders   ■ Friuli-Venezia Giulia   ■ Gagauzia   ■ Galicia   ■ Galápagos Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Gorno-Badakhshan   ■ Guangxi   ■ Ingushetia   ■ Islamabad Capital Territory   ■ Inner Mongolia   ■ Kabardino-Balkaria   ■ Kalmykia   ■ Karachay-Cherkessia   ■ Karakalpakstan   ■ Karelia   ■ Khakassia   ■ Komi   ■ Kurdistan (Iraqi)   ■ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa   ■ Madeira   ■ Mari El   ■ Muslim Mindanao   ■ Mordovia   ■ Nakhichevan   ■ Navarre   ■ Nevis   ■ Ningxia   ■ North Ossetia – Alania   ■ Northern Ireland   ■ Nunatsiavut   ■ Quebec   ■ Saba   ■ Sakha   ■ Sardinia   ■ Scotland   ■ Sicily   ■ Sindh   ■ Sint Eustatius   ■ Srpska   ■ Tibet   ■ Tłı̨chǫ   ■ Trentino-Alto Adige   ■ Tuva   ■ Udmurtia   ■ Vojvodina   ■ Wales   ■ Wallonia   ■ Xinjiang   ■ Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country   ■ Burzenland   ■ Catalan Countries   ■ Frisia   ■ Kurdistan   ■ Manchuria   ■ Sápmi   ■ Svenskfinland   ■ Székely Land   ■ Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary   ■ Byzantine Empire   ■ Caliphate   ■ Czechoslovakia   ■ Frankish Empire   ■ Kingdom of Hawaiʻi   ■ Inca Empire   ■ Iroquois Confederacy   ■ Macedonian Empire   ■ Ottoman Empire   ■ Prussia   ■ Roman Empire   ■ Soviet Union   ■ Republic of Texas   ■ Vermont Republic   ■ Republic of West Florida   ■ Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam