Atlas of South Ossetia

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Location of South Ossetia in Europe.png
South Ossetia

Flag of South Ossetia.svg

Хуссар Ирыстон
სამხრეთი ოსეთი
Южная Осетия

Иронау Хуссар Ирыстон - Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон
Hussar Iryston - Respublikae Hussar Iryston

Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон Кавказы тæккæ астæу, Европæ æмæ Азийы 'хсæн ис. Уый ахсы Стыр Кавказы хуссар фарс æмæ Карталийнаг тыгъдады цæгаттаг хай. Административон æгъдауæй дих кæны цыппар районыл: Цхинвалы район, Дзауы район, Ленингоры район æмæ Знауыры район. Хуссар Ирыстоны промышленон, культурон æмæ административон центр у йæ сæйраг сахар — сахар Цхинвал.

ქართული სამხრეთი ოსეთი - სამხრეთ ოსეთის რესპუბლიკა
Samkhreti Oseti - Samkhret Osetis Respublika

საქართველოს დამოუკიდებლობის გამოცხადების შემდეგ საბჭოთა კავშირის მხრივ დაიწყო პროვოკაციებისა და შანტაჟის კამპანია, რომლის კულმინაციაც გახდა გორბაჩევის მუქარა პრეზიდენტ ზ.გამსახურდიასადმი: „საქართველოს საბჭოთა კავშირიდან შეუძლია გავიდეს, მაგრამ სამხრეთ ოსეთისა და აფხაზეთის გარეშე“-ო.

Русский Южная Осетия - Республика Южная Осетия
Yuzhnaya Osetiya - Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya

Республика Южная Осетия (осет. Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон; груз. სამხრეთი ოსეთი /самхрэти осэти/) — Независимость Южной Осетии признана Российской Федерацией (26 августа 2008),[1] Никарагуа (3 сентября 2008),[2] а также Абхазией и некоторыми непризнанными государствами.

English South Ossetia - Republic of South Ossetia

South Ossetia is a self-proclaimed republic within the internationally recognized borders of Georgia, bordering on Russia (North Ossetia-Alania). Although this former Soviet autonomous oblast (region) has declared its independence and is in de facto control of a significant part of the region, South Ossetia's separation from Georgia has been recognized[3] only by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, the partially recognized country of Abkhazia, and the unrecognized country of Transnistria and is regarded as a de jure part of the Georgian region (mkhare) of Shida Kartli. Georgia does not recognise South Ossetia as a distinct entity, instead referring to it by either the medieval name of Samachablo or, more recently, the Tskhinvali region (after the republic's capital).

Short name  South Ossetia
Official name Republic of South Ossetia
Status Unilaterally independent country, unrecognized by most UN member states
Location Caucasus
Capital Цхинвал[4](Tskhinval)
Population 51,000 inhabitants
Area 3,900 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi)
Major languages Ossetian, Georgian, and Russian
Major religions Russian Orthodox and Georgian Apostolic
More information South Ossetia, Geography of South Ossetia, History of South Ossetia and Politics of South Ossetia
More images South Ossetia - South Ossetia (Category).

General maps

Location of South Ossetia in Europe.png Location of South Ossetia in Europe
Location of South Ossetia in Europe2.png Location of South Ossetia in Europe
Location of South Ossetia in Europe3.png Location of South Ossetia in Europe
Caucasus region 1994.jpg Map of South Ossetia within the Caucasus region
Caucasus Region 26-08-08.PNG Map of South Ossetia within the Caucasus region
Caucasus breakaway regions 2008.svg Map of South Ossetia within the Caucasus region
Caucasus-political en.svg Map of South Ossetia within the Caucasus region
North Caucasus topographic map-fr.svg Map of South Ossetia within the Caucasus region
Ossetia01.png Map of South Ossetia and North Ossetia
Northsouthossetiamap.svg Map of South Ossetia and North Ossetia
Ossetia05.png Map of South Ossetia
Osetia Pd.png Map of South Ossetia
South ossetia english.png Map of South Ossetia
South Ossetia overview map.png Map of South Ossetia
South Ossetia-Flagmap.svg Flag map of South Ossetia
Контуры и флаг ЮО.png Flag map of South Ossetia
South-Osseia-contur.png Flag map of South Ossetia
South Ossetia map flag.svg Flag map of South Ossetia
S.Ossetia.png Rayons of South Ossetia
South Ossetia rayons and capital.png Rayons (yellow, numbered) and the capital city (red) of the Republic of South Ossetia. The borders according to the Soviet ones. Rayons: 1. Dzau rayon. 2. Znaur rayon. 3. Tskhinval rayon. 4. Leningor rayon. The better part of the Leningor rayon is controlled by the central Georgian authorities, while most of the other territories are controlled by the separatist government in Tskhinval.
Osetia Południowa.png Topographic map of South Ossetia
RSOLocatorMap.png Blank map of South Ossetia
SOssetiaLocatorMap.png Blank map of South Ossetia
SouthOssetiaLocator.jpg Blank map of South Ossetia
Districts South Ossetia.svg Blank map of South Ossetia

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day South Ossetia, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day South Ossetia.

Indo-Iranian origins.png Indo-Iranian origins
Achaemenid Empire.jpg Achaemenid Persian Empire in 500 BC
Ethnic Caucasia.PNG Sarmatians in Caucasus, 5th-4th century BC
Asia 323bc.jpg Sarmatians in 323 BC
Asia 200bc.jpg Sarmatian tribes in 200 BC
Scythia-Parthia 100 BC.png Scythia and Sarmatia in 100 BC
Scythosarmlang.jpg Map showing distribution of speakers of Scytho-Sarmatian languages, c. 100 BCE.
Ptolemaic map Scythia 1598.jpg Ancient Scythia and Sarmatia (map from 1598)
Wu-sun Lage.png Alans in 200 BC - 100 AD
Asia 100bc.jpg Alans in 100 BC
Yueh-ChihMigrations.jpg Alans in the first century BC
ZhangQianTravel.jpg Alan state of Yancai (Alanliao) in the first century BC
Map of Colchis, Iberia, Albania, and the neighbouring countries ca 1770.jpg Alans in ancient Sarmatia (map from 1770)
European and Asiatic Sarmatia 1794.JPG Alans in ancient Sarmatia (map in the Serbian language from 1794)
Asia 001ad.jpg Alans in 1 AD
Asia 200ad.jpg Alans in 200 AD
Asia 400ad.jpg Alans in 400 AD
Asia 500ad.jpg Alans in 500 AD
Asia 565ad.jpg Alans in 565 AD
Caucasus 565 map de.png Alans in 565 AD
Sassanid Empire 226 - 651 (AD).GIF Sassanid Persian Empire, 226-651 AD
Sassanid Empire 620.png Sassanid Persian Empire at its greatest extent. ca. 610 CE.
Carte empire Sassanide.png Sassanid Persian Empire
Sassanid empire map.png Sassanid Persian Empire
Sassanides02.png Sassanid Persian Empire
Pontic-650-nl.PNG Alans in 650 AD
Asia 700ad.jpg Alans in 700 AD
Caucasus 750n de.png Alans within Khazaria in 750 AD
Caucasus 850 map de.png Alans within Khazaria in 850 AD
Caucasus 900 map de.png Alania in 900 AD
Caucasus 1000 map de.png Alania in 1000 AD
Caucasus 1060n map de.png Alania in 1060 AD
Alania 10 12.png Borders of modern North Ossetia (Alania) and South Ossetia compared with borders of medieval Alania (10th-12th century) - according to Ossetian historian Ruslan Suleymanovich Bzarov.
Caucasus 1090 AC de.png Alania in 1090 AD
Map Safavid persia.png South Ossetia within Persia in the 16th-18th century
Iran-afsharids(1).jpg South Ossetia within Persia (1723-1735)
Afsharid (1736-1802).svg South Ossetia within Persia (1736-1802)
Güney Kafkasya 1801-1878.svg Russian border in Caucasus, 1801-1878
Gulistan-Treaty.jpg South Ossetia within Persia before the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813
Map-etno-tiflis.jpg Ethnic Ossetians in the Gubernia of Tiflis in 1902
Soviet caucasus1922.png South Ossetia and Trialetian Ossetia in 1922
Georgian soviet republic1922.png South Ossetia in 1922
TSFSR (1928).png South Ossetia in 1928
Caucasiamapussr.gif South Ossetia within Soviet Union (1952-1991)
Osetija1956.jpg South Ossetia in 1956
Georgian soviet republic1957 1991.png South Ossetia in 1957-1991
1993 Georgia war1.svg South Ossetia in 1993
1993 Georgia war2.svg South Ossetia in 1993
SO2.jpg South Ossetia in 2007
SO1.jpg South Ossetia in 2007
South Ossetia 2.jpg South Ossetia before 2008 war
Osetia Południowa-strefy.png South Ossetia before 2008 war
Georgia until 2008 map de.png South Ossetia before 2008 war
SouthOssetia region detailed map.JPG Detailed map of South Ossetia before 2008 war
Before war.JPG Situation before Tskhinvali battle
2008 South Ossetia war en.svg 2008 South Ossetia war
Georgia-War-2008-08-11.jpg 2008 South Ossetia war
Gruzja-wojna.png 2008 South Ossetia war
Autonomia osteyjska ossetian auotonomy.gif Entry of Russian troops into South Ossetia during the 2008 South Ossetia war
Tskhinvali battles.png Map of the main conflict zone in South Ossetia, 8 August 2008

Ethnic, linguistic and religion maps

Caucasus-ethnic en.svg Ethnic map of South Ossetia within the Caucasus region
Caucasus-ethnic volkengroepen.png Ethnic Ossetians within the Caucasus region
Caucasus-ethnic osseten.png Ethnic Ossetians within the Caucasus region
Iranian languages distribution.png Iranian languages
Iranian tongues.svg Iranian languages
Iranian Language Status.png Status of Iranian languages
Caucasus-ethnic religie.png Religions in the Caucasus region


South Ossetia rayons and capital Tskhinval.PNG Tskhinval Disctrict
TskhinvalRajonSO.png Tskhinval Disctrict
TskhinvalskijRajon.png Tskhinval Disctrict
LeningorskijRajon.png Leningor Disctrict
LenRajonSO.PNG Leningor Disctrict
South Ossetia rayons and capital Leningor.PNG Leningor Disctrict
DzauRajonSO.PNG Dzau Disctrict
DzauskijRajon.png Dzau Disctrict
South Ossetia rayons and capital Dzau.PNG Dzau Disctrict
South Ossetia rayons and capital Znaur.PNG Znaur Disctrict
ZnaurRajonSO.PNG Znaur Disctrict
ZnaurskijRajon.png Znaur Disctrict


United Ossetia.svg Map of United Ossetia
Ossetia.jpg Map of United Ossetia

Other maps

Geological map of RSO.png Geological map of South Ossetia
Mountain ranges & hydrography of RSO.png Mountain ranges and hydrography of South Ossetia

Georgian context of South Ossetia

Ossetia-map.png South Ossetia in Georgia

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 26.08.2008 № 1260 archive copy.
  2. Лента.ру: Никарагуа признала независимость Абхазии и Южной Осетии
  3. International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia
  4. Romanization: Tskhinval
  5. Romanization of Russian according to the BGN/PCGN standard: Tskhinvali. Another used romanization is the ISO 9 standard.

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