La Polynésie française est un ensemble d’archipels dépendant de la France, situé dans l’Océan Pacifique, environ 6 000 km à l’est de l’Australie. La Polynésie française est une collectivité d’outre-mer, actuellement régie par la loi organique n° 2004-192 du 27 février 2004. Elle bénéficie d'une large autonomie politique.
French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity and a constituent part of the French Republic, with the additional designation of "overseas country" (French: pays d'outre-mer, or POM) in the southern Pacific Ocean. It has maritime borders with ► Kiribati, the ► Cook Islands, and ► Pitcairn Islands. It is made up of several groups of Polynesian islands, the most famous island being Tahiti in the Society Islands group, which is also the most populous island, and the seat of the capital of the territory (Papeete).
Collectivity of French Polynesia
Overseas collectivity and constituent part of the French Republic (French since the 19th century)
Map of French Polynesia with the names of its archipelagos and communes
Map of Tahiti and Mo’orea
From 1595 on, Spanish and English explorers discoverered the area that is now French Polynesia. In 1842 chiefs of the Marquesas Islands ceded sovereignty to France. Other islands were annexed until 1900 to become the French Settlements in Oceania. In 1903 the settlements were united to form French Oceania, which became an overseas territory in 1946 and which received internal self-government in 1956. It was then renamed the Territory of French Polynesia. In 2003 French Polynesia was granted more autonomy, and its status was changed to that of a French overseas collectivity. It received the additional designation of French overseas country in 2004.
Notes and references
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