Με τον όρο Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία ή Βυζάντιο, αναφερόμαστε καταρχάς, στη Χριστιανική Αυτοκρατορία της Ρωμαϊκής Ανατολής ως κληρονόμο του γεωγραφικού χώρου της Ρωμαϊκής αυτοκρατορίας, με χρονικά όρια που ξεκινούν από τα επίσημα εγκαίνια της Κωνσταντινούπολης στις 11 Μαΐου του 330 (ή από τη θεμελίωση της στις 8 Νοεμβρίου του 324) και φτάνουν ως την τελική της πτώση, την άλωση δηλαδή από τους Τούρκους, στις 29 Μαΐου του 1453.
The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered around its capital of Constantinople. In certain specific contexts, usually referring to the time before the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it is also often referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire. To its inhabitants, the Empire was simply the Roman Empire and its emperors continued the unbroken succession of Roman emperors.
Independent country between 476 and 1453
South East Europe, the Middle East and North Africa
The Byzantine Empire in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
Byzantine Empire in 1265
The despotate of Epirus from 1252 to 1315
The despotate of Epirus from 1315 to 1358
Byzantine Empire in 1355
Byzantine Empire 1400
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
↑Romanization according to ISO 843: Byzantinḗ Aytokratoría / Vasileía tṓn Rōmaiōn.
↑Romanization according to ISO 843: Kōnstantinoýpolē.
↑The text of the summary of the history is mainly based on the text in Wikipedia.