Atlas of Finland

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.


Suomi Suomi - Suomen tasavalta

Suomen tasavalta eli Suomi on valtio Pohjois-Euroopassa Itämeren rannalla. Se rajautuu idässä Venäjään, pohjoisessa Norjaan ja lännessä Ruotsiin; neljäs naapurimaa Viro sijaitsee Suomenlahden eteläpuolella. Suomessa on 5 528 008 kansalaista (kesäkuu 2020), joten maan väestötiheys on suhteellisen alhainen. Suomi kuuluu Pohjoismaihin ja Euroopan unioniin.

Svenska Finland - Republiken Finland

Republiken Finland är en republik i norra Europa. Finland är sedan 1995 medlem i Europeiska unionen och det enda nordiska land som har infört euro som sin valuta. Det svenskspråkiga Åland (finska Ahvenanmaa) utgör ett självstyrande landskap inom landet. Finland är tvåspråkigt och finska och svenska har samma status i landet.

Sámegiella Suopma - Suoma dásseváldi

Suopma lea riika Eurohpas, Nuortameara nuortadavabealde. Suoma oaivegávpot lea Helsset. Suomas leat sullii 5,2 miljovnná ássi.

English Finland - Republic of Finland

The Republic of Finland is one of the Nordic countries and a member of the European Union. Situated in Northern Europe, it shares land borders with ► Sweden to the west, ► Russia with ► Karelia to the east and ► Norway to the north while ► Estonia lies to its south. Finland is bounded by the Baltic Sea with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. The ► Åland Islands, off the south-western coast, are an autonomous province of Finland.

Short name  Finland
Official name Republic of Finland
Status Independent country since 1917, recognized 1918. Member of the ► European Union since 1995
Location North Europe
Capital Helsinki
Population 5,528,008 inhabitants
Area 338,145 square kilometres (130,559 sq mi)
Major languages Finnish, Swedish (both official)
Major religions Lutheranism
More information Finland, Geography of Finland, History of Finland and Politics of Finland
More images Finland - Finland (Category).

General maps

Map of Finland

Karta över Finland

Map of Finland in Swedish

Karta över Finland på svenska

Map of Finland

Karta över Finland

SVG map of Finland

SVG-karta över Finland

Map of Finland

Karta över Finland

Topographic map of Finland

Topografisk karta över Finland

Administrative divisions of Finland: Finland was 1997-2009 divided in 6 provinces (lääni/län), further divided in 20 regions (maakunta/landskap). Earlier the provinces were 11.

Administrativ uppdelning av Finland: Finland är uppdelat i sex län, och vidare indelat i 20 landskap

Further it is divided in municipalities
Location of Sami (Lapland)


Population map


Population map of Finland

Historical maps

Finnish tribes did not develop a centralised state. From the twelfth century onwards the area of modern Finland was increasingly incorporated into Sweden. Sweden establishes in 1581 the Grand Duchy of Finland, subject to, and from 1772 in nominal personal union with, Sweden. This map shows Sweden during the Viking Age

Sverige under vikingatiden

Sweden in 1280 (Incorrect. The colonialization of Lappland (inner northern Sweden) did not start until 1670, and Norrbotten coast until some time after 1330. Hälsingland had a loose connection to Sweden until 1331.)

Sverige år 1280

Finland as part of Sweden in 1646 (Treaty of Brömsebro)
Finland as part of Sweden in 1658 (Treaty of Roskilde)
Historical provinces of Sweden (incl. Finland)

Sveriges landskap (inklusive Finland)

Border between Sweden and Novgorod

Gränsen mellan Sverige och Novgorod

Finland before independence as part of the Russian Empire

Finland före självständigheten som en del av det Ryska kejsardömet

The Russian Empire in 1914 including Finland

Ryssland inklusive Finland, 1914

History of the Russian Empire (in German), Finland as part of Russia
Numbered Map of the historical provinces of Finland
During World War I, in 1917, Finland declares its independence. This independence is recognized by the new communist leaders of Russia. At the same time, the breach between left wing and and right wing armed groups becomes hostile. In 1918 the Finnish Civil War between Finnish communists and anti-communists starts. This map shows the initial frontlines and first offensives of the Finnish Civil War at the beginning of February
The main offensives to the end of March. Whites besiege Tampere and encircle attacking Soviet Russian and Red forces at Rautu, on Karelian Isthmus
The war ends in the victory of the anti-communists under general Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim in 1918. This map shows the 20.000 soldiers strong German intervention (grey) and final offensives of the War
Greater Finland
During World War II, Finland fights the USSR twice: the first time in the Winter War of 1939-1940 (with some support from Sweden).

Finska vinterkriget

Map of Mannerheim line, the main defense line along the Karelian Isthmus in Winter War.
Treaty of Tartu
Finland cedes some border areas to the USSR according to the Moscow Peace Treaty
Moscow Peace Treaty
The second war is the Continuation War of 1941-1944 (with considerable support from Germany).

Second phase of the war 1941

Largest area controlled by Finland during Continuation War in about 1942
Administrative divisions of Finland in 1942-1944
German withdrawal in 1944 and 1945
Ceded areas in 1944
Seceded territory of Petsamo after WW II
Finland pre WW II border. After the war Finland is in the grey zone between western countries and the Soviet Union. Finland assumes a policy of cautious neutrality and "realpolitik", taking carefully into account Finland's geographical location next to the USSR.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Sweden en Norway in 1595

Sverige och Norge år 1595

Grand Duchy of Finland 1662
Sweden and Finland in 1747
Grand Duchy of Finland in 1900

Storfurstendömet Finland år 1900


Linguistic maps

Location of Swedish-speaking and bilingual cities and municipalities of Finland
  • Dark blue: unlingually Swedish
  • Middle blue: bilingual with Swedish as majority language
  • Light blue: bilingual with Finnish as majority language
  • White: unilingually Finnish
Swedish speakers in Finnish map of municipalities. Municipalities with more than 460 inhabitants, who speak Swedish as mother tongue including immigrants, according to records on December 31st 2003, are coloured red.
Svenska dialekter

Swedish dialects

Samiska språk

Sami languages

Ethnic map of European Russia before the First World War, including Finland (in French)

Satellite maps

Satellite map


Satellite map in winter

Satellitkarta, vintertid

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

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