Atlas of Kiribati

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Kiribati

Flag of Kiribati.svg

Kiribati

Taetae ni kiribati Kiribati- Ribaberiki Kiribati
English Kiribati - Republic of Kiribati

The Republic of Kiribati is an island nation located in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. It comprises 33 atolls dispersed over 1,351 square miles (3,500 km²) close to the equator. The name Kiribati is pronounced ['kiribas] and is the Kiribati rendering of "Gilberts", derived from the English name for the main group of islands: the former Gilbert Islands. Because the written native language lacks the letter 's', the sound is rendered as 'ti.' The republic has maritime borders with the ► Marshall Islands, ► Micronesia, ► Nauru, the ► Solomon Islands, ► Tuvalu, ► Tokelau, the ► Cook Islands, ► French Polynesia and the ► United States outlying islands.


Short name  Kiribati
Official  name Republic of Kiribati
Status Independent country since 1979
Location Pacific Ocean
Capital South Tarawa
Population 99,350 inhabitants
Area 726 km²
Major  languages Gilbertese, English (both official)
Major  religions Roman Catholicism
More information Kiribati, Geography of Kiribati, History of Kiribati and Politics of Kiribati
More  images Kiribati - Kiribati (Category).

General maps

Map of Kiribati CIA WFB.png Map of Kiribati

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Kiribati, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Kiribati.

The I-Kiribati people settle present-day Kiribati between 1000 and 1300. European contact begins in the 16th century. Whalers, slave traders and merchant vessels arrive in great numbers in the 1800s, fomenting local tribal conflicts and introducing often fatal European diseases. Since 1877 the Gilbert Islands are under administration of the British Western Pacific High Commission. In an effort to restore a measure of order, the islands are united in 1892 with the Ellice Island in the British protectorate of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Banaba (Ocean Island) is annexed in 1900 after the discovery of phosphate-rich guano deposits and the entire collection is made a British colony in 1916. The Line and Phoenix Islands are incorporated piecemeal over the next 20 years. Between 1941 and 1943 the islands are occupied by Japan. Britain expands self-government in the islands during the 1960s. In 1975 the colony is split into the Gilbert Islands and the Ellice Islands. The Gilbert Islands obtain internal self-government in 1977 and the islands become independent in 1979 as the Republic of Kiribati.

Satellite maps

GilbertIslands.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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