இலங்கைத் தமிழ் தேசிய இனங்கள் தமது தாயக பிரதேசமாக கருதும் இலங்கையின் வட-கிழக்கு மாகாணங்களை இணைத்த நிலப்பகுதி தமிழீழம் என அழைக்கப்படுகிறது.
Tamil Eelam - Tamil Eelam Tamil Eelam is a region in South Asia. The name is derived from the ancient Tamil name for the island of Sri Lanka - Eelam. The area is home to indigenous Tamil people and some other ethnic groups. During the Tamil region's history, it has been an independent country, subordinate to different empires and a part of Sri Lanka for a certain amount of time. Existing as a separate nation for centuries, invasions of the island by European foreign powers transferred sovereignty of the region. A peaceful struggle for a reconstitution of Tamil sovereignty began shortly after the island gained independence from Britain in 1948. An armed quest of Tamil miltancy by terrorist organisation the LTTE in the 1980s followed. Today the territories are administered under ► Sri Lanka. These include the entire districts of Kilinochchi, Mullaiththeevu, Mannar, Batticaloa, Vavuniya, Trincomalee and Amparai districts of the province.
Region of ► Sri Lanka, disputed by Tamil National Alliance, Provisional Government of Tamil Eelam
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
Historic Tamil Eelam or "Coylot Wanees Malabar Contrey" in 1681.
Historic Tamil Eelam or "Coylot Wanees Malabar Land" in 1692 engraving of 1681 Robert Knox map.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Tamil Eelam, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Tamil Eelam.
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.