Atlas of Vietnam

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.

Việt Nam

Tiếng Việt Việt Nam - Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam

Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam, là một quốc gia nằm phía đông của bán đảo Đông Dương, thuộc khu vực Đông Nam Á. Lãnh thổ Việt Nam tiếp giáp với nước Trung Quốc ở phía bắc, nước Lào và nước Campuchia ở phía tây, vịnh Thái Lan ở phía tây nam và biển Đông ở phía đông và phía nam với hơn 4.000 hòn đảo, bãi đá ngầm lớn nhỏ, gần và xa bờ, có vùng nội thuỷ, lãnh hải, vùng đặc quyền kinh tế và thềm lục địa được Chính phủ Việt Nam xác định gần gấp ba lần diện tích đất liền (khoảng trên 1 triệu km2).

English Vietnam - Socialist Republic of Vietnam

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a nation in Southeast Asia. It borders the ► People's Republic of China with ► Guangxi to the north, ► Laos to the northwest and ► Cambodia to the southwest. To the country's east lies the East Vietnam Sea which China calls South China Sea, where there are over 4000 islands located including Vietnam's claims on the ► Paracel Islands and the ► Spratly Islands, that border ► Indonesia, ► Malaysia, ► Brunei and the ► Philippines. With a population of approximately 88 million, Vietnam is one of the most densely populated nations in Southeast Asia. Vietnam had its continental shelf estimated to be around triple size of its current land area.

Other languages Français: Le Viêt Nam (République Socialiste du Viêt Nam) est un pays d'Asie du Sud-Est. Il se situe à l'extrême est de la péninsule indochinoise. Le pays occupe une superficie de 331 690 km² pour environ 85 millions d'habitants. Il est entouré de la Chine au nord ; du Laos et du Cambodge à l'ouest ; et de la mer de l'est, à l'est et au sud.

Deutsch: Vietnam (vietnamesisch Việt Nam, Bedeutung: Viet des Südens, amtlich Sozialistische Republik Vietnam, vietn. Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam, Chữ Nôm 共和社會主義越南) ist ein langgestreckter Küstenstaat in Südostasien. Er grenzt an die VR China, Laos, Kambodscha, den Golf von Thailand und das Südchinesische Meer.

Short name  Vietnam
Official name Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Status Independent country since 1945, recognized 1954, united since 1976
Location South East Asia
Capital Hà Nội (Hanoi)
Population 96,208,984 inhabitants
Area 331,689 square kilometres (128,066 sq mi)
Major languages Vietnamese (official)
Major religions Atheism, Mahayana Buddhism
More information Vietnam, Geography of Vietnam, History of Vietnam and Politics of Vietnam
More images Vietnam - Vietnam (Category).

General maps

Map of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Includes island claims.
Map of Vietnam (in English). Includes island claims.
Map of Vietnam from the CIA World Factbook.
Map of Vietnam from the CIA World Factbook (translated to Vietnamese).
Political map of Vietnam.
A map showing Vietnam's cities and main towns.
Satellite image of Vietnam.
Köppen–Geiger climate classification map for Vietnam.
Outlines of Geological Map of Vietnam of sclale 1:1 000 000.
Topographic map of Vietnam.
Regions of Vietnam by HDI in 2018.
Map poverty rates by district of vietnam in 2010 and 2014
Ethnolinguistic groups of Vietnam in 1970.
Map of Vietnam's railway network.
Map of Vietnam's expressway network.

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Map of Vietnam administrative divisions. Includes island claims.
Map of the Regions of Vietnam.
Map of the Provinces of Vietnam (in Vietnamese)
Districts of Vietnam. Includes island claims.

Provincial locator maps

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Vietnam, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Vietnam.

Ancient period

Âu Việt (Xi Ou) and Lạc Việt (Luo Yue) (210 BC).
Map of Nanyue Kingdom at its greatest territorial extent.

Chinese domination

North Vietnam ruled by Han Dynasty 2 CE.
Vietnam under the reign of Emperor Wu of Han.
Eastern Han dynasty period, 189 CE.
Han Dynasty in 219 CE.
Giao Chau (Jiaozhou) ruled by the Eastern Wu, 264.
North Vietnam ruled by the Western Jin Dynasty 280 AD.
Eastern Jin Dynasty 382 AD.
Jiaozhou in the Southern Qi Dynasty (497).
Vạn Xuân kingdom during Early Lý dynasty (544 - 602).
Sui Dynasty 610 A.D.
Vietnam under the Chinese Tang Dynasty

Monarchical period

Khúc clan 923 CE
Circuits and cities of Annan, Ngô Dynasty, as of 940.
Period of the 12 Warlords
Đại Việt during Lý Dynasty c. 1085.
Đại Việt c. 1111.
Asia in 1290.
Dai Viet c. 1428.
Đại Việt c. 1480.
Vietnam circa 1540
Vietnam circa 1570 showing the Mac in control of the land north of the Red river, and the Nguyen-Trinh alliance in control of the southern part of Vietnam.
Vietnam around 1650.
Đại Việt (Annam) during the Later Lê Dynasty in 1760.
Vietnam around 1788.
Vietnam around 1834.
Vietnam around 1838.
Vietnam around 1857.
Southward expansion (Nam Tien) of the Dai Viet Empire.

Modern period

Map of French Indochina.
Tonking, Östl. Hinterindien, Hue, Ha-Noi (Meyers Konversationslexikon), 1888.
Indochina in 1905 (German).
Indochina in 1931 (Czech).
French Indochina, 1954.
The drawing shows the French disposition at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, as of March 1954. The French took up positions on a series of fortified hills (shown in green). The southermost, Isabelle, was dangerously isolated. The Viet Minh positioned their 5 divisions (the 304th, 308th, 312th, 316th, and 351st) in the surrounding areas to the north and east. From these areas, the Vietminh had a clear line of sight on the French fortifications and were able to accurately rain down artillery on the French positions.
Map of the Japanese Empire (1870-1942)

North Vietnam (1954–1976)

Locator map of North Vietnam.
Map of North Vietnam, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa).

South Vietnam (1954–1976)

Locator map of South Vietnam (Nam Việt Nam).
Map of South Vietnam.
Map of South Vietnam, the Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Cộng Hòa) in 1967.
Map of the Tet Offensive.

Other historical maps

Animated map of the history of railway construction in Vietnam, 1881–1966.
Map of the Sino–Vietnamese War (Third Indochina War), 1979.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Early Western Map of Tonkin (1651).

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Continents and oceans
Historical eras
States with wide recognition
States with limited recognition
Dependencies and other overseas territories
Country subdivisions
China (mainland)
United Kingdom
United States
Disputed subnational territories
Other regions
Former sovereign states
Former dependencies and overseas territories
Former disputed territories