Atlas of Africa

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.

Atlas of Africa
English Africa
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,545 mi²) including adjacent islands, it covers 6.0% of the Earth's total surface area, and 20.4% of the total land area. With more than 890,000,000 people (as of 2005) in 61 territories, it accounts for about 14% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Français Afrique

L' Afrique est le second continent au monde par sa population et le second (ou le 3è selon que l'on considère l'Amérique comme un ou deux continents) par sa superficie, après l’Asie. D’une superficie de 30.221.532 km² en incluant les îles adjacentes, l’Afrique couvre 6,0 % de la surface du globe terrestre, et 20,3 % de la surface des terres émergées. Avec une population de 900.000.000 habitants (en 2005), les Africains représentent 14% de la population mondiale. Le continent est bordé par la Mer Méditerranée au nord, le Canal de Suez et la Mer Rouge au nord-est, l’Océan Indien au sud-est et l’Océan Atlantique à l’ouest. L’Afrique comprend 46 pays en incluant Madagascar, et 53 en incluant tous les archipels.

العربية [1]أفريقيا وتسمى كذلك"القارة السمراء"، هى ثاني أكبر قارة بالعالم بعد آسيا. يحيطها البحر الأبيض من الشمال والبحر الأحمر والمحيط الهندي من الشرق والمحيط الأطلنطي من الغرب وفي أقصي شمال شرقها تتصل بآسيا براً في شبه جزيرة سيناء. وأفريقيا قارة متعددة الثقافات وبها مئات اللغات المختلفة. و العديد من القري بها مازالت تعيش عيشة بدائبة لم تتطور منذ مئات السنين.
Kiswahili Afrika

Afrika ni bara kubwa la pili duniani. Bara hili lina eneo la kilometa za mraba 30,244,050 na zaidi ya wakazi milioni 800. Asia ndio bara pekee kubwa kushinda Afrika.

Português África

A África é o segundo continente mais populoso da Terra (atrás da Ásia) e o segundo continente mais extenso (atrás da Ásia). Tem cerca de 30 milhões de km², cobrindo 20,3 % da área total da terra firme do planeta e mais de 800 milhões de habitantes em 54 países, representando cerca de um sétimo da população do mundo.

Population 890,000,000 inhabitants
Area 30,221,532 km²
Major language(s) French, English, Arabic, Swahili, Portuguese
Major religion(s) Islam, Roman Catholicism, Animism, Protestantism
More information Africa, Geography of Africa, History of Africa and Politics of Africa
More images Africa - Africa (Category).

General maps

Political map
Carte politique
Political map with 1st level divisions as of 1998 in SVG format
Political map (in French)
Carte politique
subregion of Africa:
Physical map of Africa
Carte physique de l'Afrique
Geographical map
Carte géographique
Topology map
Carte topologique
Blank Map of Africa
Fond de carte de l'Afrique (avec frontières étatiques depuis le 9.7.2011)

Maps of the Middle East

Location of the Middle East
Localisation du Moyen-Orient
الشرق الأوسط
Middle East
الشرق الأوسط
Middle East
الشرق الأوسط

Current events

The Middle East conflict 2006
Israel and members of the Arab League (Comoros is not shown)

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Africa, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Africa.

Discovery sites of the Australopitecines
Location of remains of Wilton culture (6000 BCE)
Orient 2000 BC
Map of the Ancient Near East during the Amarna period, showing the great powers of the period: Egypt (green), Hatti (yellow), the Kassites kingdom of Babylon (purple), Assyria (grey), and Mittani (red). Lighter areas show direct control, darker areas represent spheres of influence. The extent of the Achaean/Mycenaean civilization is shown in orange.
Pre-colonial civilizations
Oriental empires 600 BC
Africa in the 13th century
Africa around 1400
Africa around 1400: kingdoms and trade routes
Africa in the 15th century
The Ghana Empire
The Mali Empire
The Songhai Empire
Explorations of Africa 1857-1863
Northwestern Africa in 1912
Colonial Africa in 1913
Great Britain
Independent States
Colonial Africa in 1914
Mandates of the League of Nations
Map with African independence dates
Animated map of independence

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Africa in 1508
Africa in 1570 (Ortelius)
Africa in 1595 (Mercator)
Map of Africa, ca. 1630
Africa in 1648 (Blaeu)
West Africa, 1707 (Guillaume Delisle)
Map of Africa by Herman Moll, 1710
Map of West Africa by Herman Moll, 1729
Africa in 1737
West Africa, 1738
Africa in 1808
Map of Africa in 1812
Map of Eastern Africa, 1829
Routes of European explorers in Africa, to 1853
Africa in 1861
Ottoman map of Africa
Senegambia, Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas, 1st Edition, Leipzig (Germany) 1881, Page 96, Map 1.
Map of Africa in 1890
Map of Africa in 1897
Map of Africa in 1898
Maps in French showing the share of the Lunda kingdom in South-Western Africa (Schrader, Prudent, Anthoine)
Map of Africa in the 1910s
German claims in 1917

Maps of international organizations

Union africaine
African Union
الاتحاد الأفريقي
União Africana
Umoja wa Afrika
Historical development
African Economic Community
Regional pillars of the African Economic Community
Active regional pillars
Other trade blocs in Africa
جامعة الدول العربية
Arab League
L'Union du Maghreb Arabe
Arab Maghreb Union
Conseil de l'Entente
Conseil de l'Entente
Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest

Comunidade Económica dos Estados da África Ocidental
Economic Community of West African States

Currency co-operation in ECOWAS
Southern African Development Community
Communauté de développement d’Afrique australe
Comunidade para o Desenvolvimento da África Austral
L'Union du Maghreb Arabe
Arab Maghreb Union
Communauté des Etats Sahélo-Sahariens
تجمع دول الساحل والصحراء
Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Commission de l'Océan Indien
Indian Ocean Commission
Marché commun de l'Afrique orientale et australe
Mercado Comum da África Oriental e Austral
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
Jumuiya ya Afrika ya Mashariki
East African Community
Communauté d'Afrique de l'Est
Communauté Économique des États d'Afrique Centrale
Economic Community of Central African States
Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation
جامعة الدول العربية

Jāmaʻat ad-Duwwal al-ʻArabiyya
Arab League

Population maps - Cartes démographiques

50 largest metropoles of Africa
Les 50 metropoles les plus grandes de l'Afrique
Population density
Densité de la population

Ethnic and language maps

Languages of Africa
Carte linguistique
Tale van Afrika
Ethnic groups
Groupes ethniques
Language map
Carte linguistique
Official languages
Afrique francophone
Francophone Africa
Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. other Niger-Congo languages languages and peoples (bright yellow).
One common hypothesis of the Bantu expansion
Nilo-Saharan languages
Langues nilo-sahariennes
Khoi-San languages
Afro-Asiatic languages
Langues afro-asiatiques

Economical maps

National GDP per capita ranges from wealthier states in the north and south to poorer states in the east. These figures from the 2002 World Bank are converted to US dollars.
High index values, indicated by lighter colors, show the relative poverty of African countries as ranked by the UNDP's 2004 list of countries by quality of life.

Satellite maps

Satellite map of Africa
Carte satellite de l'Afrique

Other maps

Map of Africa coloured according to the percentage of the Adult (ages 15-49) population with HIV/AIDS. Colour chart available in description.
Africa, top left, populating the other continents in the Paleolithic.
Map in French of Sahara in the Neolithic "wet period", 5000 years ago.

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. No romanization available.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Continents and oceans
Historical eras
States with wide recognition
States with limited recognition
Dependencies and other overseas territories
Country subdivisions
China (mainland)
United Kingdom
United States
Disputed subnational territories
Other regions
Former sovereign states
Former dependencies and overseas territories
Former disputed territories