Türkmenistan merkezi Aziýada bir döwlet. Goňşy döwletler: Owganystan, Eýran, Gazagystan we Özbegistan. Түркменистан меркези Азияда бир дөвлет. Гоңшы дөвлетлер: Овганыстан, Эйран, Газагыстан ве Өзбегистан.
Turkmenistan is a country in Central Asia. The name Turkmenistan is derived from Persian, meaning "land of the Turkmen". It is bordered by ► Afghanistan to the southeast, ► Iran to the southwest, ► Uzbekistan with ► Karakalpakstan) to the northeast, ► Kazakhstan to the northwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Turkmenistan, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Turkmenistan.
Russia becomes the Soviet Union in 1922. In 1924 Turkmenistan becomes a separate member republic of the Soviet Union
Evolution of the Soviet Union
The republics of the USSR
Turkmenistan inside the USSR
Map of the 1974 geographic location of various ethnic groups within the Soviet Union
Soviet Union administrative divisions, 1989
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.