New Zealand is a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands (the North Island and the South Island) and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island and the Chatham Islands. In Māori, New Zealand is also known as Aotearoa, which is usually translated into English as the Land of the Long White Cloud. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the ► Cook Islands and ► Niue, which are self-governing, but in free association; ► Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in ► Antarctica). New Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation, being separated from ► Australia to the northwest by the Tasman Sea, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. Its closest neighbours to the north are ► New Caledonia, ► Fiji, ► Norfolk Island and ► Tonga. Associated states are the ► Cook Islands and ► Niue, the overseas territory is ► Tokelau.
He whenua, he kāhui moutere a Aotearoa i Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa. Ko ngā moutere matua ko Te Ika-a-Māui ki te raki, ko Te Wai-pounamu, arā Te Waka-a-Māui ki waenganui, me Rakiura ki te tonga. Ko Aotearoa te ingoa Māori o nāianei mō te motu. Engari i tērā atu rautau, ko 'Aotearoa' tētahi o ngā ingoa o Te Ika-a-Māui kē. Ko ngā whenua o roto o te Kīngitanga o Aotearoa ko ngā whenua moutere nei ko ngā Kuki Airani, ko Niue; he kāwanatanga ake o aua whenua, engari ka mau tonu he pānga wātea ki Aotearoa; ko Tokelau, me ngā wāhi kerēmetia rā o Antarctica ki ngā tahatai o te Moana o Ross. Ko Aotearoa he rōpū moutere e tū mokemoke ana, e roa rawa te tawhiti ki whenua kē. E 2000 kiromita te tawhiti ki Ahitireiria, ko Te Tai-o-Rehua te moana wehe i aua whenua e rua. Ko ngā whenua e tū tata ana ki te raki ko Niu Karatonia, ko Whiti, ko Te Moutere Nōpoke, ko Tonga.
The hemisphere centred on Wellington, New Zealand's capital.
Labelled map of the Realm of New Zealand
Realm of New Zealand (detail)
New Zealand's southern offshore islands
Map of regions (coloured) with territorial authorities delineated by black lines
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day New Zealand, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day New Zealand.
The Maori settle New Zealand in the thirteenth century. In 1642 the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman discovers the islands. The Dutch name the islands Nova Zeelandia.
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↑The flag shown is used as official flag between 1869 and 1902, than replaced by the current flag.