Atlas of New Zealand

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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
New Zealand

Flag of New Zealand.svg

New Zealand

English New Zealand - Realm of New Zealand

New Zealand is a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands (the North Island and the South Island) and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island and the Chatham Islands. In Māori, New Zealand is also known as Aotearoa, which is usually translated into English as the Land of the Long White Cloud. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the ► Cook Islands and ► Niue, which are self-governing, but in free association; ► Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in ► Antarctica). New Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation, being separated from ► Australia to the northwest by the Tasman Sea, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. Its closest neighbours to the north are ► New Caledonia, ► Fiji, ► Norfolk Island and ► Tonga. Associated states are the ► Cook Islands and ► Niue, the overseas territory is ► Tokelau.

Māori Aotearoa

He whenua, he kāhui moutere a Aotearoa i Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa. Ko ngā moutere matua ko Te Ika-a-Māui ki te raki, ko Te Wai-pounamu, arā Te Waka-a-Māui ki waenganui, me Rakiura ki te tonga. Ko Aotearoa te ingoa Māori o nāianei mō te motu. Engari i tērā atu rautau, ko 'Aotearoa' tētahi o ngā ingoa o Te Ika-a-Māui kē. Ko ngā whenua o roto o te Kīngitanga o Aotearoa ko ngā whenua moutere nei ko ngā Kuki Airani, ko Niue; he kāwanatanga ake o aua whenua, engari ka mau tonu he pānga wātea ki Aotearoa; ko Tokelau, me ngā wāhi kerēmetia rā o Antarctica ki ngā tahatai o te Moana o Ross. Ko Aotearoa he rōpū moutere e tū mokemoke ana, e roa rawa te tawhiti ki whenua kē. E 2000 kiromita te tawhiti ki Ahitireiria, ko Te Tai-o-Rehua te moana wehe i aua whenua e rua. Ko ngā whenua e tū tata ana ki te raki ko Niu Karatonia, ko Whiti, ko Te Moutere Nōpoke, ko Tonga.

Short name  New Zealand
Official name Realm of New Zealand
Status A sovereign state since 1947
Location Oceania
Capital Wellington
Population 5,002,100 inhabitants
Area 268,680 square kilometres (103,740 sq mi)
Major languages English, Māori, New Zealand Sign Language
Major religions Protestant Christianity, Roman Catholicism
More information New Zealand, Geography of New Zealand, History of New Zealand and Politics of New Zealand
More images New Zealand - New Zealand (Category).

General maps

Topography of new zealand.jpg Topographical map of New Zealand
NZ topographic map with population centres.png Major population centres
New Zealand (orthographic projection) 2.svg The hemisphere centred on Wellington, New Zealand's capital.
NZL orthographic NaturalEarth labelled en.svg Labelled map of the Realm of New Zealand
Realm of New Zealand.png Realm of New Zealand (detail)
NZOffshoreIslandsMap.png New Zealand's southern offshore islands
NZTerritorialAuthorities.png Map of regions (coloured) with territorial authorities delineated by black lines
NZ north island regions.png North Island
Nz south island map2.png South Island

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day New Zealand, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day New Zealand.

Pre-colonial era

The Maori settle New Zealand in the thirteenth century. In 1642 the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman discovers the islands. The Dutch name the islands Nova Zeelandia.


Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5).svg 1769/1792: United Kingdom - colonizing country ► United Kingdom

In 1769 the islands are explored by James Cook and later claimed by Britain. From 1792 the first British settlements are founded in New Zealand.
Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand.svg 1835-1840: United Tribes of New Zealand - semi-independent protectorate of the United Kingdom

In 1835 the Maori tribes unite themselves in the Confederation of United Tribes, a semi-independent British protectorate.
Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5).svg 1840-1841: Part of: New South Wales - a colony of the United Kingdom ► Australia

New Zealand is claimed by Britain in 1840 and New Zealand becomes part of New South Wales.
Flag of New Zealand Government Ships 1867.svg 1841-1907: Colony of New Zealand - colony of the United Kingdom

A year later New Zealand becomes a separate British colony. Some Maori do not accept British rule and resist British control in various wars in 1843-1848 and 1860-1872.[1]


Flag of New Zealand.svg 1907-1947: Dominion of New Zealand - independent country

The status is changed in 1907 into the Dominion of New Zealand.
Flag of New Zealand.svg circa 1947-: New Zealand - full sovereign country

In 1947 the New Zealand Parliament formally accepted the full external autonomy offered by the British Parliament
New Zealand provinces.png This map shows the former provinces of New Zealand

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Thevenot - Hollandia Nova detecta 1644.png Early map following Abel Tasman's voyage to New Zealand and Australia
Cook new zealand.jpg Map of New Zealand, drawn by Captain James Cook
Cook chart of New Zealand.jpg This is an image of a chart of New Zealand made by Lieutenant (later Captain Sir) James Cook during his 1770 voyage of exploration in the Pacific in command of HM Bark Endeavour.

Religion maps

NZ religious denominations.png Religions of New Zealand
Anglicans in NZ.png Anglicans in New Zealand

Tribal maps

IwiMap.png Iwi (tribes) of New Zealand

Geological maps

Map new zealand volcanoes.gif Major volcanoes of New Zealand

Population maps

NewZealandPopulationDensity.png New Zealand population density

Other maps

NewZealandEmbassies.png Embassies of New Zealand

Satellite maps

Satellite image of New Zealand in December 2002.jpg Satellite image of New Zealand
New Zealand 23 October 2002.jpg Satellite image of New Zealand

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. The flag shown is used as official flag between 1869 and 1902, than replaced by the current flag.

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Disputed subnational entities and territories
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Former sovereign nations
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Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam