The Kingdom of Swaziland is a small, landlocked country in Southern Africa (one of the smallest on the continent), situated on the eastern slope of the Drakensberg mountains, embedded between ► South Africa in the west and ► Mozambique in the east. The country is named after the Swazi, a Bantu tribe.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Swaziland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Swaziland.
Map of Swaziland, Kingdom of Zululand, Natal, Transvaal
According to tradition, the people of the present Swazi nation migrate south before the 16th century to what is now Mozambique. Following a series of conflicts with people living in this area the Swazis settle in northern Zululand in about 1750. Unable to match the growing Zulu strength, the Swazis move gradually northward in the 1800s and establish themselves in present-day Swaziland. They establish their own Kingdom of Swaziland. Swaziland has to accept a protectorate of the Boer Republic of Transvaal in 1894, but after the Boer Wars the United Kingdom Britain establishes in 1902 a protectorate over Swaziland.In 1968 the Kingdom of Swaziland becomes an independent constitutional monarchy.
Notes and references
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The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.