Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, occupying most of northern North America. Extending from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, Canada shares land borders with the ► United States to the south and to the northwest. To the east of Canada lies ► Greenland and to the south east ► Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is located. Further to the east lie the ► Azores. Inhabited first by aboriginal peoples, Canada was founded as a union of British colonies (some of which were formerly French colonies). Canada gained independence from the United Kingdom in an incremental process that began in 1867 and ended in 1982; it remains a Commonwealth Realm.
Le Canada, deuxième pays du monde par sa superficie, occupe la majeure partie de l'Amérique du Nord. Il s'étend d'est en ouest de l'océan Atlantique à l'océan Pacifique et vers le nord jusqu'à l'océan Arctique. Le Canada partage deux frontières avec les États-Unis au sud et au nord-ouest (Alaska).
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Canada, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Canada.
Map showing Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Areas denoted in green are those affected by frequent viking incursions but with little or no Scandinavian settlement.
Carte montrant la colonisation viking au Canada
Il designo del discoperto della Nova Franza by Paolo Forlani, ca. 1566 – One of the first maps of North America to note the Canada's name ("pro.") (top right)
The East Coast of North America in 1702
Map of Canada in 1914
Status of same sex marriage before nationwide legalization
Countries that house a Canadian High Commission or embassy.
Satellite map of Canada
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.