Atlas of Iceland

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Iceland

Flag of Iceland.svg

Ísland

Íslenska Ísland - Lýðveldið Ísland

Lýðveldið Ísland er landamæralaust land í Norður-Atlantshafi staðsett norðvestur af Færeyjum milli Grænlands og Skotlands. Ísland er staðsett á heitum reit á Atlantshafshryggnum. Það er 102.800 ferkílómetrar að stærð. Þar eru mörg virk eldfjöll (sjá eldfjöll Íslands) og ber þar helst að nefna Heklu (1491m). Um það bil 10% eyjarinnar er undir jöklum. Á Íslandi eru hverir víða, og gnótt jarðhita færir íbúunum heitt vatn, sem meðal annars er notað til húshitunar. Ísland er önnur stærsta eyja Evrópu, á eftir Bretlandi. Eyjan er vogskorin, og flestir bæir standa við firði, víkur og voga. Helstu þéttbýlisstaðir eru höfuðborgin Reykjavík, Keflavík, þar sem einn af alþjóðlegum flugvöllum landsins er staddur, og Akureyri. Ísland liggur á tveimur jarðskorpuflekum, Norður-Ameríkuflekanum og Evrasíuflekanum. Landið telst sögulega til Evrópu.

English Iceland - Republic of Iceland

The Republic of Iceland is an island nation in the northern Atlantic Ocean between ► Greenland, ► Norway, ► Scotland, ► Ireland, and the ► Faroe Islands. To the northeast lie ► Jan Mayen and ► Svalbard.


Short name  Iceland
Official  name Republic of Iceland
Status Independent country since 1918, Personal Union with Denmark until 1944
Location North Atlantic Ocean
Capital Reykjavík
Population 320,169 inhabitants
Area 103,000 km²
Major  languages Icelandic (official)
Major  religions Protestantism
More information Iceland, Geography of Iceland, History of Iceland and Politics of Iceland
More  images Iceland - Iceland (Category).

General maps

CIA Factbook map of Iceland.png Map of Iceland
Regions of Iceland.png A larger map of the regions
Kjördæmi Íslands.png Constituencies of Iceland (in Icelandic)
Kjördæmaskipting Íslands.svg Constituencies, a vector version with different color schema

(in Icelandic)}}

Sveitarfélög-Kjördæmi.png Constituencies, a different version that also includes municipality boundaries
Sveitarfélög-landsvæði.png Municipalities of Iceland, a different larger version, colour scheme based on regions
Mannfjöldabreyting 2004-2005.png Population changes in municipalities 2004-2005.
Mannfjöldaþróun 1996-2006.png This map shows the changes in population of the municipalities of Iceland in the ten year period 1996-2006. The dark red municipalities have lost over 20% of their population in this period while the lighter red have experienced less severe depopulation. The yellow indicates the one municipality which had the exactly same number of inhabitants in 1996 and 2006. The green municipalities experienced a growth in population, the growth was lower than the total growth of the nation in the period (13.92%) in the light green ones and higher than the national rate in the dark green ones.
Ísland sveitarfélagamörk.png A large map of Iceland with municipalities for easy colouring
Iceland Mid-Atlantic Ridge Fig16.gif Iceland and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Iceland-bays.svg Main bays and fjords

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Iceland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Iceland.

Viking expansion.png Map showing Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Areas denoted in green are those affected by frequent viking incursions but with little or no Scandinavian settlement.
The Kalmar Union at the beginning of the 16 Century.PNG Kalmar Union including Iceland 16th Century
Denmark-Norway in 1780.PNG Denmark-Norway including Iceland 1780

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Abraham Ortelius-Islandia-ca 1590.jpg Map by Abraham Ortelius, 1590
Thule carta marina Olaus Magnus.jpg The mythical island of Thule on the Carta Marina, 1539
Island11x1024.jpg Map by Benedetto Bordone, 1547
Island118x1024.jpg Map of Islandia Insvla by Giovanni Camocio, 1571
Island15x1024.jpg German map of the region, 1588
Island21x1024.jpg Map by Raffaelo Savanarola, 1713
1761 Homann Heirs Map of Iceland "Insulae Islandiae" - Geographicus - Islandiae-hmhr-1761.jpg Farthings division of Iceland, 1761
Karta över Island från Nordisk familjebok.jpg Map of Iceland, 1910

Satellite maps

Iceland sat cleaned.png Satellite map
Iceland satellite.jpg Satellite map (winter)

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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