Η Κύπρος είναι νησί της ανατολικής Μεσογείου θάλασσας, το τρίτο σε μέγεθος, και βρίσκεται 100 περίπου χιλιόμετρα νότια της Τουρκίας και 120 χιλιόμετρα δυτικά της Συρίας. Γεωγραφικά η Κύπρος ανήκει στην νοτιοδυτική Ασία. Ωστόσο, επειδή ιστορικά, πολιτιστικά η Κύπρος ακολούθησε τη πορεία όλου του Ελληνισμού, μπορεί να θεωρείται μέρος της Δύσης και της Ευρώπης.
Kıbrıs Akdeniz'de bir adadır. Kuzeyinde 65 km mesafe ile Türkiye, doğusunda 112 km mesafe ile Suriye, 267 km ile İsrail, 162 km ile Lübnan; güneyinde 418 km ile Mısır; batısında ise 965 km ile Yunanistan yer almaktadır. Kıbrıs adası 30.33 ve 35.41 eylemleri ve 32.23 ve 34.55 boylamları arasındadır. KKTC'nin yüzölçümü 3.355 km²dir. Yaklaşık olarak ada sahillerinin yarısı KKTC sınırları içerisindedir.
The Republic of Cyprus is a Eurasian island nation in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian peninsula (Asia Minor). A Turkish invasion in 1974 led to the establishment of a separatist government to govern the invaded area, currently styling itself the Turkish Republic of ► Northern Cyprus, separated from the south by the UN-controlled Green Line and recognized only by Turkey. The Republic of Cyprus has been a member state of the European Union since 1 May 2004. The British possess ► Akrotiri and Dhekelia on the island. Cyprus lies south of ► Turkey, west of ► Syria and ► Lebanon and north of ► Egypt.
A former British colony, the Republic of Cyprus gained independence in 1960 while the United Kingdom retained two Sovereign Base Areas. Following 11 years of alternating intercommunal violence, leading to the sending of UN peacekeeping forces in 1964, and peaceful attempts at reconciliation in response to an Athens-engineered coup aimed at uniting the island with Greece, Turkey launched a two-stage invasion of the island in 1974. The invasion led to the internal displacement of thousands of Greek and Turkish Cypriots and the subsequent establishment of a separatist regime to govern the invaded area, currently styling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, separated from the south by the UN-controlled Green Line and recognized only by Turkey.
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↑Romanization according to ISO 843: Kýpros - Kypriakḗ Dēmokratía.