La République Islamique de Mauritanie est un pays d'Afrique du nord-ouest. Elle possède une importante côte donnant sur l'océan Atlantique, entre l'Algérie et le Sahara occidental (aujourd'hui annexé par le Maroc) au nord, le Mali à l'est, et le Sénégal au sud.La Mauritanie constitue un point de passage entre l´Afrique du nord et l´Afrique noire.
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, by ► Senegal on the south-west, by ► Mali on the east and south-east, by ► Algeria on the north-east, and by ► Moroccan-annexed territory of ► Western Sahara on the north-west. It is named after the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Mauritania, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Mauritania.
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.