Atlas of Finland

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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
 
EU location FIN.png
Finland

Flag of Finland.svg

Suomi
Finland

Suomi Suomi - Suomen tasavalta

Suomen tasavalta eli Suomi on valtio Pohjois-Euroopassa Itämeren rannalla. Se rajautuu idässä Venäjään, pohjoisessa Norjaan ja lännessä Ruotsiin; neljäs naapurimaa Viro sijaitsee Suomenlahden eteläpuolella. Suomessa on 5 275 486 kansalaista (lokakuu 2006), joten maan väestötiheys on suhteellisen alhainen. Suomi kuuluu Pohjoismaihin ja Euroopan unioniin.

Svenska Finland - Republiken Finland

Republiken Finland är en republik i norra Europa. Finland är sedan 1995 medlem i Europeiska unionen och det enda nordiska land som har infört euro som sin valuta. Det svenskspråkiga Åland (finska Ahvenanmaa) utgör ett självstyrande landskap inom landet. Finland är tvåspråkigt och finska och svenska har samma status i landet.

Sámegiella Suopma - Suoma dásseváldi

Suopma lea riika Eurohpas, Nuortameara nuortadavabealde. Suoma oaivegávpot lea Helsset. Suomas leat sullii 5,2 miljovnná ássi.

English Finland - Republic of Finland

The Republic of Finland is one of the Nordic countries and a member of the European Union. Situated in Northern Europe, it shares land borders with ► Sweden to the west, ► Russia with ► Karelia to the east and ► Norway to the north while ► Estonia lies to its south. Finland is bounded by the Baltic Sea with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. The ► Åland Islands, off the south-western coast, are an autonomous province of Finland.


Short name  Finland
Official  name Republic of Finland
Status Independent country since 1917, recognized 1918. Member of the ► European Union since 1995
Location North Europe
Capital Helsinki
Helsingfors
Population 5,276,571 inhabitants
Area 338,145 km²
Major  languages Finnish, Swedish (both official)
Major  religions Lutheranism
More information Finland, Geography of Finland, History of Finland and Politics of Finland
More  images Finland - Finland (Category).

General maps

Finland-CIA WFB Map.png Map of Finland

Karta över Finland

Fi-map.jpg Map of Finland in Swedish

Karta över Finland på svenska

Finland 1996 CIA map.jpg Map of Finland

Karta över Finland

Map of Finland-en.svg SVG map of Finland
Map of Finland.png Map of Finland

Karta över Finland

Fintopo en.jpg Topographic map of Finland
Finland.geohive.gif Administrative divisions of Finland: Finland was 1997-2009 divided in 6 provinces (lääni/län), further divided in 20 regions (maakunta/landskap). Earlier the provices were 11.

Administrativ uppdelning av Finland: Finland är uppdelat i sex län, och vidare indelat i 20 landskap

Finnish municipalities 2007.png Further it is divided in muncipalities
LocationSapmi.png Location of Sami (Lapland)
Karelia today.png Karelia

Karelen

Many Karelias.png

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Finland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Finland.

Schweden Wikingerzeit.JPG Finnish tribes did not develop a centralised state. From the twelfth century onwards the area of modern Finland was increasingly incorporated into Sweden. Sweden establishes in 1581 the Grand Duchy of Finland, subject to, and from 1772 in nominal personal union with, Sweden. This map shows Sweden during the Viking Age

Sverige under vikingatiden

Scandinavia 1219.gif Scandinavia in 1219. The realms of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the Sword Brethren

Norden år 1219

Sweden 1280.png Sweden in 1280 (Incorrect. The colonialization of Lappland (inner northern Sweden) did not start until 1670, and Norrbotten coast until some time after 1330. Hälsingland had a loose connection to Sweden until 1331.)

Sverige år 1280

Scandinavia 1645.gif Finland as part of Sweden in 1646 (Treaty of Brömsebro)
Scandinavia 1658.gif Finland as part of Sweden in 1658 (Treaty of Roskilde)
Historical provinces of sweden and finland.png Historical provinces of Sweden (incl. Finland)

Sveriges landskap (inklusive Finland)

Map swedish lands.png
Treaty-of-Nöteborg.png Border between Sweden and Novgorod

Gränsen mellan Sverige och Novgorod

Grand-Duchy-of-Finland.png Finland before independence as part of the Russian Empire

Finland före självständigheten som en del av det Ryska kejsardömet

LocationRussianEmpire1914.png The Russian Empire in 1914 including Finland

Ryssland inklusive Finland, 1914

Meyers b14 s0080a.jpg History of the Russian Empire (in German), Finland as part of Russia
Suomen hist maakunnat.jpg Numbered Map of the historical provinces of Finland
FinnishCivilWarMapBegin.svg During World War I, in 1917, Finland declares its independence. This independence is recognized by the new communist leaders of Russia. At the same time, the breach between left wing and and right wing armed groups becomes hostile. In 1918 the Finnish Civil War between Finnish communists and anti-communists starts. This map shows the initial frontlines and first offensives of the Finnish Civil War at the beginning of February
FinnishCivilWarMapMiddle.svg The main offensives to the end of March. Whites besiege Tampere and encircle attacking Soviet Russian and Red forces at Rautu, on Karelian Isthmus
FinnishCivilWarMapEnd.svg The war ends in the victory of the anti-communists under general Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim in 1918. This map shows the 20.000 soldiers strong German intervention (grey) and final offensives of the War
Suur-Suomen kartta.png Greater Finland
Winter-War-Overview.png During World War II, Finland fights the USSR twice: the first time in the Winter War of 1939-1940 (with some support from Sweden).

Finska vinterkriget

Mannerheim-line.png Map of Mannerheim line, the main defense line along the Karelian Isthmus in Winter War.
Treaty-of-Tartu.png Treaty of Tartu
Finnish areas ceded in 1940.png Finland cedes some border areas to the USSR according to the Moscow Peace Treaty
Map of Finnish areas ceded to Soviet Union 1940.png Moscow Peace Treaty
Continuation-War-1941.png The second war is the Continuation War of 1941-1944 (with considerable support from Germany).

Second phase of the war 1941

Suurin Suomi.PNG Largest area controlled by Finland during Continuation War in about 1942
German withdrawal from finland summer 1944.jpg German withdrawal in 1944
Finnish areas ceded in 1944.png Ceded areas in 1944
Petsamo.png Seceded territory of Petsamo after WW II
Finland 1920.png Finland pre WW II border. After the war Finland is in the grey zone between western countries and the Soviet Union. Finland assumes a policy of cautious neutrality and "realpolitik", taking carefully into account Finland's geographical location next to the USSR.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Gerhard Mercator-Svecia et Norvegia cum confinys 1595.jpg Sweden en Norway in 1595

Sverige och Norge år 1595

Grand duchy of finland 1662.jpg Grand Duchy of Finland 1662
Charta öfver Svea och Göta Riken med Finland och Norland.jpg Sweden and Finland in 1747
Finlandduchy.jpg Grand Duchy of Finland in 1900

Storfurstendömet Finland år 1900

Finnish municipalities and provinces.png Municipalities

Linguistic maps

Svenskfinland municipalities 2008.png Location of Swedish-speaking an bilingual cities and municipalties of Finland
  • Dark blue: unlingually Swedish
  • Middle blue: bilingual with Swedish as majority language
  • Light blue: bilingual with Finnish as majority language
  • White: unilingually Finnish
Svenskfinland-painottamaton.png Swedish speakers in Finnish map of municipalities. Municipalities with more than 460 inhabitants, who speak Swedish as mother tongue including immigrants, according to records on December 31st 2003, are coloured red.
Map of Swedish dialects.png Swedish dialects
Sami languages.png Sami languages
Russia ethnic.JPG Ethnic map of European Russia before the First World War, including Finland (in French)

Satellite maps

Finlandsat.jpg Satellite map

Satellitkarta

Ev24856 Scandinavia.A2003050.1025.250mFINLANDONLY.jpg Satellite map in winter

Satellitkarta, vintertid

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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