Таджикистан государство в Центральной Азии, бывшая Таджикская Советская Социалистическая Республика в составе СССР. На востоке Таджикистан граничит с Китаем, на севере и западе — с Киргизией и Узбекистаном, на юге с Афганистаном. Не имеет выхода к морю. Основное население — таджики.
The Republic of Tajikistan is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. It borders ► Afghanistan to the south, ► Uzbekistan to the west, ► Kyrgyzstan to the north, and ► China (► Xinjiang) to the east. It is home mainly to the Tajiks, who share culture and history with the Iranians, and speak the Tajiki dialect of Persian. Once the location of the famous Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Tajikistan, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Tajikistan.
Russia becomes the Soviet Union in 1922 and in 1924 parts of Buchara and Pamir, Russian since 1873, became part of Russia inside the Soviet Union. In 1929 Tajkikistan becomes a separate member republic of the Soviet Union
Evolution of the Soviet Union
The republics of the USSR
Tajikistan in the USSR
Map of the 1974 geographic location of various ethnic groups within the Soviet Union
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