Atlas of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

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Karabach-Kaart.jpg
Nagorno-Karabakh

Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg

Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ

Հայերեն Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ - Արցախ

Լեռնային Ղարաբաղը կամ Արցախը[1] անկախ, ինքնիշխան և իրավական պետություն է Անդրկովկասում[2]։ Արևմուտքից սահմանակցում է Հայաստանի Հանրապետությանը, հարավից՝ Իրանին, իսկ արևելքից և հյուսիսից՝ Ադրբեջանին։ Մայրաքաղաքը Ստեփանակերտն է։ Մշակութային կենտրոնը Շուշի բերդաքաղաքն է։

Լեռնային Ղարաբաղը պատմականորեն կազմում է Մեծ Հայքի Արցախ նահանգը։ Իր աշխարհագրական և քաղաքական դիրքով Արցախը կարևոր դեր է խաղացել Հայոց պատմության մեջ։ Հայ մեծանուն պատմաբան Լեոն Արցախը համեմատել է «հսկայական միջնաբերդի» հետ, առանց որի «անհնար է երևակայել Հայաստանի սրտի, այն է՝ Արարատյան երկրի պաշտպանությունը»[3]։

Այժմ Արցախը կայացել է որպես երկրորդ հայկական պետություն։ Այդպիսով ներկայիս Հայաստանը բաղկացած է Հայաստանի Հանրապետությունից (ՀՀ) և Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետությունից (ԼՂՀ)։

Azərbaycan Dağlıq Qarabağ - Dağlıq Qarabağ Respublikası

Dağlıq Qarabağ, Azərbaycannın qərb hissəsində Ermənistan və İranla sərhəd bölgə, Ermənistan tərəfindən işğal olunub. Azərbaycanlıların və ermənilərin kompakt yaşadığı bölgədir. Erməni dilli ədəbiyyatlarda adı Arsax kimi işlənir.

English Nagorno-Karabakh - Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR)[4] (Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun), or Artsakh Republic (Արցախի Հանրապետություն Arts'akhi Hanrapetut’yun)[4] is a de facto independent republic located in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the South Caucasus. It controls most of the territory of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and several Azerbaijani districts adjacent to the borders of Azerbaijan with Armenia to the west and Iran to the south.[5]

The predominantly Armenian-populated region of Nagorno-Karabakh became disputed between Armenia and Azerbaijan when both countries gained independence from the Russian Empire in 1918. After the Soviet Union established control over the area, in 1923 it formed the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO) within the Azerbaijan SSR. In the final years of the Soviet Union, the region re-emerged as a source of dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan, culminating in a large ethnic conflict and, eventually, in the Nagorno-Karabakh War that was fought from 1991 to 1994.

On December 10, 1991, as the Soviet Union was dissolving, a referendum held in the NKAO and the neighboring Shahumian region resulted in a declaration of independence from Azerbaijan as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The country remains unrecognized by any UN-member state, including Armenia. Only Transnistria, a UN non-member, recognises the state.

Since the ceasefire in 1994, most of Nagorno-Karabakh and several regions of Azerbaijan around it remain under joint Armenian and Nagorno-Karabakh military control. Representatives of the governments of Armenia and Azerbaijan have since been holding peace talks mediated by the OSCE Minsk Group.


Short name  Nagorno-Karabakh
Official  name Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Status Independent country since 1991, unrecognised
Location Southern Caucasus
Capital Stepanakert[6]
Population 138.834 (2008[7] inhabitants
Area 11.458 km²
Major  languages Armenian
Major  religions Armenian Apostolic Church
More information Nagorno-Karabakh, Geography of Nagorno-Karabakh, History of Nagorno-Karabakh and Politics of Nagorno-Karabakh
More  images Nagorno-Karabakh - Nagorno-Karabakh (Category).

General maps

Karabach-Kaart.jpg Map of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Nagorno karabakh republic.png Map of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Location Nagorno-Karabakh en.png Location of Nagorno-Karabakh in the Southern Caucasus
Caucasus-political en.svg Location of Nagorno-Karabakh in the Caucasus region
Caucasus breakaway regions 2008.svg Nagorno-Karabakh in the Caucasus region

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

BergachtigK123.jpg Province of Nagorno-Karabakhs (with the names of historical counties):
  1. Shahumyan (Gyulistan)
  2. Mardakert (Jraberd)
  3. Askeran (Khachen)
  4. Martuni (Varanda)
  5. Hadrut (Dizak)
  6. Shushi
  7. Qashatag
  8. Stepanakert

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Nagorno-Karabakh, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Nagorno-Karabakh.

Antiquity

Yervanduni Armenia, IV-II BC.gif Artsakh within Orontid Armenia, 4th-2nd century BC
Maps of the Armenian Empire of Tigranes.gif Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 95 BC
Caucasus 80 BC map de.png Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 80 BC
Historiska gränser Armenien.gif Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 70 BC
Roman East 50-en.svg Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 50 AD
Arshakuni Armenia 150-en.svg Artsakh in Arsacid Armenia, 1st-4th centuries AD
Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom.PNG Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom
Caucasus 250 AD map de.png Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 250 AD
Caucasus 300 map de.png Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 300 AD
Caucasus 385 AD map de.png Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom in 385 AD
Armenian4thcenturies.gif Artsakh within Armenian Kingdom, 4th century
Aghuank.jpg Caucasian Albania and its neighbors, until 387 AD

Middle Ages

Caucasus 565 map de.png Artsakh within Sassanid Empire in 565 AD
Arranshahiks en.jpg Artsakh and Utik, until 591 AD
Caucasus 750n de.png Artsakh within Umayyad Caliphate in 750 AD
Arcax.jpg Artsakh and Syunik, until the 9th century AD
Caucasus 850 map de.png Artsakh in 850 AD
Caucasus 900 map de.png Artsakh in 900 AD
Bagratuni Armenia 1000-en.svg Artsakh in Bagratid Armenia, 9th-11th centuries
Bagratid Armenia, 962-1064.gif Artsakh in Bagratid Armenia, 962-1064
Bagratids 11century BSE ru.png Artsakh in Bagratid Armenia, 11th century
Caucasus 1000 map de.png Artsakh in 1000 AD
Caucasus 1060n map de.png Artsakh in 1060 AD
Caucasus 1090 AC de.png Artsakh in 1090 AD
DavidBuilderGeorgia.gif Artsakh within Georgia in 1122-1125 AD
Georgia (1089-1125)-fr.svg Artsakh within Georgia in 1122-1125 AD
Caucasus 1124 AC de.png Artsakh within Georgia in 1124 AD
Geor tamro aandersen.png Artsakh within Georgia in 1184-1230 AD
Zakarid Armenia 1200 map-fr.svg Artsakh in Zakarid Armenia, 12th-13th centuries
Caucasus 1213 AD map de.png Artsakh within Georgia in 1213 AD
Geor mong aa.GIF Artsakh within Mongolian Empire in 1220-1245 AD
Caucasus 1245 AD map de.png Artsakh within Mongolian Empire in 1245 AD
Caucasus 1311 AD map de.png Artsakh within Ilkhanate in 1311 AD
Caucasus 1380 map de.png Artsakh within Jalayirid Sultanate in 1380 AD
Caucasus 1405 map de.png Artsakh within Timurid Empire in 1405 AD
Five principalities of karabakh.png Principalities of Karabakh, 16 century

Early modern history

Azerbaijan Khanates 01.png Karabakh Khanate, 18th century
Armenia, Late 18th century till late 19th century.gif Armenian autonomy in Karabakh, 18th-19th century
Azerbaijan khanates all XVIII-XIX.png Karabakh Khanate, 18th-19th century
Transcaucasia XIX 01.png Karabakh Khanate, 19th century
Transcaucasia XIX 02.png Karabakh Khanate, 19th century
Güney Kafkasya 1801-1878.svg Karabakh within Russian Empire in 1805
Ethnic population of the Caucasus according to the Russian census of 1897.JPG Ethnic composition of Elisabethpol province, 1897

Early 20th century

Armenien 1914.png Ethnic Armenians in 1914
Ofensiva turca de 1918 en el Caucaso.png Republic of Karabakh-Zangezur, 1918
[[|border|251x400px]] Democratic Republic of Armenia, 1918-1920
The First Armenian Republic 1918-1920.gif Democratic Republic of Armenia, 1918-1920
D R Armenia.png Democratic Republic of Armenia, 1919
Wilsonian Armenia (orthographic projection).svg Proposed borders of Armenia, 1920
Tratado de Kars 1921 - Territorios disputados.png Treaty of Kars, 1921
Treaty of Kars map.png Treaty of Kars, 1921
Red kurdistan 1923 1929.png Kurdistan Uyezd (Red Kurdistan, Kurdistan Autonomous Province) and Nagorno-Karabakh in Soviet Caucasus, 1923-1929
Red kurdistan 1930.png Kurdistani District (Red Kurdistan) and Nagorno-Karabakh in Soviet Caucasus, 1930
SouthCaucasus.jpg Artsakh in the Soviet-Caucasus, 1923-1988
Caucasiamapussr.gif The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, 1957-1991
Soviet Caucasus map.svg The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, 1957-1991
Soviet Caucasus SSRs ASSRs and AOs 1989.jpg The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, 1989
Nagorno Karabakh03.png The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
Map of Soviet Armenia.gif The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
Soviet Armenia-rus.png The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
Soviet Armenia-stub.png The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast

Modern history

Nagorno-Karabakh regions named english.png Subdivisions in 1991

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Map of Colchis, Iberia, Albania, and the neighbouring countries ca 1770.jpg A map of the Caucasus, London 1770
Map of the Caucasus. The Caucasus. Ivan Golovin. 1854.jpg Map of the Caucasus, The Caucasus, Ivan Golovin, 1854
Map of Great Armenia, 1869.jpg Map of Great Armenia, 1869
Map Karabaha from ESBE.jpg Russian map of Karabakh, 1890-1906

Ethnic maps

Karabakh ethnic map.png Ethnic map of Nagorno-Karabakh

Regions

Historical Syunik.png Historical Syunik

Politics

[[|border|251x400px]] Proposed Greater Armenia
[[|border|251x400px]] Historical regions of Armenia
Map of Historical Armenia by Britannica 1994.jpg Historical regions of Armenia

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Ըստ սահմանադրության Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն և Արցախի Հանրապետություն անվանումները նույնական են։ ԼՂՀ սահմանադրություն, 1.2։
  2. ԼՂՀ սահմանադրություն, 1.1։
  3. Լեո, «Հայոց պատմություն», Երկերի ժողովածու, հատոր 2, Երևան - 1973, էջ 32-33։
  4. a b Constitution of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. Chapter 1, article 1.2.
  5. Official website of the President of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic. General Information about NKR
  6. Stepanakert is officially known as Xankəndi in Azerbaijan, transliterated as Khankendi)
  7. Karabakh- Open. Average salary exceeds basket of goods twice

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