Atlas of Taiwan

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to: navigation, search
Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
Commons-logo.svg
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
 
Locator map of the ROC Taiwan.svg
Taiwan

Flag of the Republic of China.svg

中華民國 (臺灣)

中文 中華民國 (臺灣) - 中華民國[1]

中華民國(1912年1月1日— )位於亞洲東部、太平洋西岸,現在國際上也常被通稱為「台灣」。目前有效統治之台灣地區領土包括台灣本島、澎湖群島、金門、馬祖、東沙群島、南沙太平島和中洲島,總陸地面積36,188平方公里。中華民國中央政府現位於台北市,遷台前首都南京市。中華民國是第二次世界大戰主要戰勝國,也是聯合國五個主要創始會員國之一。台灣(原寫作臺灣,「臺」為正體字,因書寫方便,此字後來與異體字「台」通用,現今多用「台」字)位於亞洲東部地區,西太平洋上。荷蘭時期稱 「Taioan」,漢書為「大員」、「台員」或「大灣」。名稱由來很多,其中一種是來自台灣島南部平埔族原住民─西拉雅族對居住地的稱呼。

文言: 中華民國在亞東之極。本都南京,因事失地泰半,暫遷於臺北。其東以鴨綠江界朝鮮國,隔東海望日本。其北與俄羅斯相接。其西有大山,天下至高者也。而皆失於內戰,今僅得臺灣及其周圍矣。
English Taiwan - Republic of China

The Republic of China is a state in East Asia. It governed all of China before it lost control of the mainland to the ► People's Republic of China (PRC) as a result of the Chinese Civil War which ended in 1949, and since then its administration has been restricted to the island groups of Taiwan (Formosa), the Pescadores, Kinmen, and Matsu. Over subsequent decades, the Republic of China has been commonly referred to as "Taiwan", and since the late 1970s the name "China" has been increasingly used to refer to the People's Republic of China. For political reasons, the Republic of China is commonly referred to as "Chinese Taipei" in international organizations. It has maritime borders with ► Japan and the ► Philippines and it claims the ► Paracel and ► Spratly Islands, which are also claimed by ► the People's Republic of China, ► Vietnam, ► Indonesia, ► Brunei, ► Malaysia, and the ► Philippines.


Short name  Taiwan
Official  name Republic of China
Status Established 1912, located in Taiwan since 1949
Location East Asia
Capital 臺北市[2] (Taipei)
Population 23,036,087 inhabitants
Area 35,980 km²
Major  languages Mandarin, Taiwanese
Major  religions Chinese folk religion (combination of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism)
More information Republic of China, Geography of the Republic of China, History of the Republic of China and Politics of the Republic of China
More  images Republic of China - Republic of China (Category).

General maps

LocationTaiwan.png Location of Taiwan
Taiwan-CIA WFB Map.png Map of Taiwan
Map of Taiwan.jpg Map of Taiwan
TAIWAN Karte Gross.jpg Map of Taiwan
Taiwan-Karte.png Map of Taiwan

See also: Current jurisdiction of the Republic of China

ROC first-order divisions.png Political divisions of the Republic of China
Tw-administration.jpg Political divisions of the Republic of China
ROC PRC comparison eng.jpg Map comparing political divisions as drawn by the ROC and the People's Republic of China
ROC Administrative and Claims.jpg Map of administrative divisions and claimed and disputed territories of the ROC
Taiwan Strait.png Map of Taiwan Strait
TaiwanFromSRTM30.PNG Topographic relief map

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Taiwan, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Taiwan.

See also: Atlas of China, which includes the history maps of the Republic of China until its retreat on Taiwan
Japanese Empire2.png Map of the Japanese Empire (1870-1942)
Movement.png Movement of the Republic of China to Taiwan

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

1625 Map of Formosa-Taiwan by the Dutch 荷蘭人所繪福爾摩沙-臺灣.jpg The first "correct" map of Taiwan in the world, which was drawn by Dutch sailor in 1625 when Taiwan was under the Dutch colonial rule
1640 Map of Formosa-Taiwan by Dutch 荷蘭人所繪福爾摩沙-臺灣.jpg The Island Formosa and the Pescadores by Johannes Vingboons, ca.1640
1896 map of Taiwan.png Map of Formosa (Taiwan), edited by Reverend William Campbell; taken from the Scottish Geographical Magazine; 1896
Map of Taiwan 1901.jpg Formosa in 1901
Japan with inset map Formosa and Riu-Kiu Islands from A Literary and Historical Atlas of Asia, by J.G. Bartholomew. J.M. Dent and Sons, Ltd. 1912.jpg Japan and Formosa 1911

Other maps

Taïwan ethnies.JPG Taiwan ethnic map

Satellite maps

Taiwan NASA Terra MODIS 23791.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization of Chinese according to the Tongyong Pinyin romanization system used in Taiwan: Jhongguó (Tâi-oân) - Jhonghuá Mínguó. compare: Hanyu Pinyin.
  2. Romanization: Táiběi.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas • Historical atlas • Index of the Atlas • Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
Quick reference • Historical maps of the world • Old maps
Physical and topographical • Political • Geological • People • Time and time zones • Projections of the globe
Africa • North and South America • Antarctica • Asia • Europe

(History, European Union) • Oceania • Oceans

Themes
Administrative divisions • International organizations • Languages • Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory • Antiquity • Middle Ages • Rise of Islam • Early Modern Age • Early American Societies • Early Asian Societies • Age of Renaissance • Colonialism • Stielers Handatlas 1891 • 20th Century • World War I • World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan • Albania • Algeria • Andorra • Angola • Antigua and Barbuda • Argentina • Armenia • Australia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Bahamas • Bahrain • Bangladesh • Barbados • Belarus • Belgium • Belize • Benin • Bhutan • Bolivia • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Botswana • Brazil • Brunei • Bulgaria • Burkina Faso • Burundi • Cambodia • Cameroon • Canada • Cape Verde • Central African Republic • Chad • Chile • China • Colombia • Comoros • Congo (Democratic Republic) • Congo (Republic) • Costa Rica • Côte d’Ivoire • Croatia • Cuba • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Djibouti • Dominica • Dominican Republic • East Timor • Ecuador • Egypt • El Salvador • Equatorial Guinea • Eritrea • Estonia • Ethiopia • Fiji • Finland • France • Gabon • Gambia • Georgia • Germany • Ghana • Greece • Grenada • Guatemala • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Guyana • Haiti • Honduras • Hungary • Iceland • India • Indonesia • Iran • Iraq • Ireland • Israel • Italy • Jamaica • Japan • Jordan • Kazakhstan • Kenya • Kiribati • Korea (Democratic People’s Republic) • Korea (Republic) • Kuwait • Kyrgyzstan • Laos • Latvia • Lebanon • Lesotho • Liberia • Libya • Liechtenstein • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Macedonia (Republic) • Madagascar • Malawi • Malaysia • Maldives • Mali • Malta • Marshall Islands • Mauritania • Mauritius • Mexico • Micronesia (Federated States) • Moldova • Monaco • Mongolia • Montenegro • Morocco • Mozambique • Myanmar • Namibia • Nauru • Nepal • The Netherlands • New Zealand • Nicaragua • Niger • Nigeria • Norway • Oman • Pakistan • Palau • Panama • Papua New Guinea • Paraguay • Peru • Philippines • Poland • Portugal • Qatar • Romania • Russia • Rwanda • Saint Kitts and Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • Samoa • San Marino • São Tomé and Príncipe • Saudi Arabia • Senegal • Serbia • Seychelles • Sierra Leone • Singapore • Slovakia • Slovenia • Solomon Islands • Somalia • South Africa • South Sudan • Sovereign Military Order of Malta • Spain • Sri Lanka • Sudan • Suriname • Swaziland • Sweden • Switzerland • Syria • Tajikistan • Tanzania • Thailand • Togo • Tonga • Trinidad and Tobago • Tunisia • Turkey • Turkmenistan • Tuvalu • Uganda • Ukraine • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • United States • Uruguay • Uzbekistan • Vanuatu • Vatican City • Venezuela • Vietnam • Yemen • Zambia • Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia • Azawad • China (Republic)/Taiwan • Kosovo • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic • Northern Cyprus • Palestine • Somaliland • South Ossetia • Tamil Eelam • Transnistria • Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • American Samoa • Anguilla • Aruba • Ascension Island • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Bermuda • Bouvet Island • British Indian Ocean Territory • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Christmas Island • Clipperton Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Curaçao • Faroe Islands • French Guiana • French Polynesia • French Southern and Antarctic Lands • Gibraltar • Greenland • Guadeloupe • Guam • Guantanamo Bay • Guernsey • Heard Island and McDonald Islands • Hong Kong • Howland Island • Isle of Man • Jan Mayen • Jarvis Island • Jersey • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Macau • Martinique • Mayotte • Midway Atoll • Montserrat • Navassa Island • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Pitcairn Islands • Puerto Rico • Réunion • Saint Helena • Saint-Barthélemy • Saint Martin (France) • Sint Maarten (Netherlands) • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Svalbard • Tokelau • Tristan da Cunha • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Kashmir • Crimea • Paracel Islands • Spratly Islands • Falkland Islands • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands • Bajo Nuevo Bank • Serranilla Bank

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh • Adjara • Adygea • Altai • Andalusia • Aosta Valley • Aragon • Athos • Azores • Balearic Islands • Bashkortostan • Basque Autonomous Community • Bonaire • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) • Bougainville • Brussels • Buryatia • Canary Islands • Catalonia • Chechnya • Chuvashia • Corsica • Dagestan • Easter Island • England • Extremadura • Flanders • Friuli-Venezia Giulia • Gagauzia • Galicia • Galápagos Islands • Gorno-Badakhshan • Guangxi • Ingushetia • Inner Mongolia • Kabardino-Balkaria • Kalmykia • Karachay-Cherkessia • Karakalpakstan • Karelia • Khakassia • Komi • Kurdistan (Iraqi) • Madeira • Mari El • Mindanao • Mordovia • Nakhichevan • Navarre • Nevis • Ningxia • North Ossetia-Alania • Northern Ireland • Nunatsiavut • Quebec • Saba • Sakha • Sardinia • Scotland • Sicily • Sint Eustatius • Srpska • Tatarstan • Tibet • Tłı̨chǫ • Trentino-Alto Adige • Tuva • Udmurtia • Vojvodina • Wales • Wallonia • Xinjiang • Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country • Burzenland • Catalan Countries • Frisia • Kurdistan • Sápmi • Svenskfinland • Székely Land

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary • Byzantine Empire • Caliphate • Czechoslovakia • Republic of West Florida • Frankish Empire • Kingdom of Hawaiʻi • Inca Empire • Iroquois Confederacy • Macedonian Empire • Ottoman Empire • Prussia • Roman Empire • Soviet Union • Republic of Texas • Vermont Republic • Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles