Commons:Image copyright tags visual

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Català: Aquesta pàgina mostra totes les plantilles de copyright usades en Commons. Vegeu Commons:Senyals de drets d'autor per a la llista principal.
Deutsch: Diese Seite zeigt alle Lizenzvorlagen, die auf den Commons benutzt werden. Für die normale Liste siehe Commons:Lizenzvorlagen.
English: This page displays all copyright tags used on the Commons. See Commons:Image copyright tags for the main list.
Español: Esta página muestra todas las plantillas de copyright usadas en Commons. Ver Commons:Marcas de derechos de autor para la lista principal.
Français : Cette page affiche tous les modèles concernant les droits utilisés sur le serveur Commons. Voir Commons:Messages de statut des images pour la liste.
Galego: Nesta páxina hai unha relación de todas as mensaxes de copyright usadas en Commons. Vexa Commons:Marcadores de dereitos de copia para consultar a lista.
Italiano: In questa pagina sono raccolti tutti i tag di licenza utilizzati su Commons. Vedi Commons:Tag per l'attribuzione del copyright per l'elenco principale.
Македонски: На оваа страница се прикажани сите ознаки за лиценци кои се користат на Ризницата. Погледајте го главниот список на Commons:Ознаки за лиценци.
日本語: このページには、コモンズで使う全コピーライト・タグが集約してあります。詳しくは、Commons:コピーライト・タグを参照してください。
Português: Esta página mostra todas as predefinições de copyright usadas no Commons. Ver Commons:Marcas de direitos autorais.
Română: Această pagină afișează toate marcajele pentru drepturi de autor folosite la Commons. A se vedea marcajele pentru drepturile de autor asupra imaginilor pentru lista principală.
Русский: На этой странице показаны все шаблоны лицензий, используемые на Викискладе. Их список с комментариями — на стр. Commons:Шаблоны лицензий.
Slovenščina: Stran prikazuje vse v Zbirki uporabljane oznake licenc. Za izčrpen seznam glej Commons:Oznake avtorskih pravic.
Українська: На цій сторінці показано всі шаблони ліцензій, що застосовуються у Вікісховищі. Іх список з коментарями див. на сторінці Commons:Шаблони ліцензій.
中文(简体)‎: 本页面显示共享资源使用的所有著作权标签。请见Commons:著作权标签上的主列表。
中文(繁體)‎: 本頁面顯示的是共享資源使用的所有著作權標籤。詳見Commons:版權標籤上的主列表。

Contents

Public Domain[edit]

Template:PD-old
Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.


Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Russia has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.


This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-100
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-80
Public domain This work is in the public domain in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 80 years or less.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that Mexico has a term of 100 years and does not implement the rule of the shorter term, so this image may not be in the public domain in Mexico. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years, but it does implement the rule of the shorter term.


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This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-75
Public domain This work is in the public domain in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 75 years or less.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 75 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years, but it does implement the rule of the shorter term.


català | čeština | Deutsch | English | suomi | français | italiano | 한국어 | lietuvių | മലയാളം | македонски | Plattdüütsch | Nederlands | norsk nynorsk | norsk bokmål | polski | русский | slovenščina | српски / srpski | svenska | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-70
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the European Union and non-EU countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years or less.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term. Copyright may extend on works created by French who died for France in World War II (more information), Russians who served in the Eastern Front of World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) and posthumously rehabilitated Russians (more information).


català | čeština | dansk | Deutsch | eesti | English | español | suomi | français | italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | македонски | മലയാളം | Nederlands | norsk nynorsk | norsk bokmål | polski | português | română | русский | slovenščina | српски / srpski | svenska | 中文 | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-50
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States and the source country. In most cases, this means that its copyright expired under the law of the source country and it was either published prior to January 1, 1923 or its copyright also expired under the law of the United States. Its copyright has also expired in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 50 years or less.
To the uploader: please provide relevant publication and authorship details.
For non-US works, consider attaching a country-specific tag if available.
Dialog-warning.svg
Note that in the countries and areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term, this work might not be in the public domain (this especially applies in Mexico and Switzerland). The creator and year of publication are essential information and must be provided. See Wikipedia:Public domain and Wikipedia:Copyrights for more details.

беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ | dansk | English | italiano | 한국어 | македонски | polski | slovenščina | +/−

Template:Anonymous work
Public domain
Warning sign
The author of this work is anonymous and this work is more than 50 years old. According to the Berne convention Art. 7, and the laws of many countries, this work is in the public domain.

Note: This template does not apply to works from countries that extended the Berne Convention or that did not sign it. In particular, this includes the European Union, the United States, India, and Russia. Please use {{Anonymous-EU}}, {{PD-US}}, {{PD-India}}, {{PD-Russia-2008}}, etc. in such cases and check Commons:Copyright rules by territory every time, carefully!


asturianu | azərbaycanca | català | čeština | dansk | Deutsch | Ελληνικά | English | español | euskara | suomi | français | galego | magyar | italiano | 日本語 | Kurdî | македонски | português | português do Brasil | русский | slovenčina | slovenščina | svenska | vèneto | Yorùbá | +/−

Template:Anonymous-EU
Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired and its author is anonymous.

This applies to the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of 70 years after the work was made available to the public and the author never disclosed their identity.
Important: Always mention where the image comes from, as far as possible, and make sure the author never claimed authorship.

Flag of Europe
Warning sign
Note: In Germany and possibly other countries, certain anonymous works published before July 1, 1995 are copyrighted until 70 years after the death of the author. See Aktuelle Rechtslage in Deutschland, last paragraph. If the author identified her/himself publicly, do not use this template. If the work is anonymous or pseudonymous (e.g., published only under a corporate or organization's name), use this template for images published more than 70 years ago.

For a work made available to the public in the United Kingdom, please use Template:PD-UK-unknown instead.


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Template:PD-anon-1923
Public domain This work was published before January 1, 1923 and it is anonymous or pseudonymous due to unknown authorship. It is in the public domain in the United States as well as countries and areas where the copyright terms of anonymous or pseudonymous works are 91 years or less since publication.
Template:PD-link
Public domain This image has been released into the public domain by its creator and original copyright holder. This applies worldwide. As such you are entirely free to reproduce it, create derivative works, or make commercial use of it as you see fit, without any requirement to give the creator credit. However, as a courtesy, a link back to Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org/) would be appreciated.

In case this is not legally possible:
The copyright holder grants any entity the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law. However, as a courtesy, a link back to Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org/) would be appreciated.

Template:PD-author
Public domain This work has been released into the public domain by its author, AUTHOR. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
'AUTHOR grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-self
Public domain I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-user
Public domain This work has been released into the public domain by its author, USER. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
USER grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-user-en
PD-icon.svg This work has been released into the public domain by its author, [[:Wikipedia:en:User:[[:Wikipedia:en:User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] at the English Wikipedia project|[[:Wikipedia:en:User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] at the English Wikipedia project]] at the English Wikipedia project. This applies worldwide.

In case this is not legally possible:
[[:Wikipedia:en:User:[[:Wikipedia:en:User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]|[[:Wikipedia:en:User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]]] grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-user-w
PD-icon.svg This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Example at the [[::|]] project. This applies worldwide.

In case this is not legally possible:
Example grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-heirs
Public domain The heirs of this work's copyright holder (usually the creator) have released it into the public domain. This applies worldwide.

In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
The heirs of the creator grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-ineligible
PD-icon.svg This file is ineligible for copyright and therefore in the public domain because it consists entirely of information that is common property and contains no original authorship.
Template:PD-font
Public domain This image consists entirely of a raster rendering (e.g. PNG) of characters from one or more typefaces. As such, it is ineligible for copyright in the United States and therefore is in the public domain.

Note: Vector format images of fonts (such as SVG) may be copyrighted in the United States. Also, raster renderings of fonts may be copyrightable in jurisdictions outside of the United States.


English | Italiano | മലയാളം | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(台灣)‎ | +/−

Flag of the United States.svg
Template:PD-Art
This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.


Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Russia has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.


This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.
{{PD-Art}} template without license parameter: please specify why the underlying work is public domain in both the source country and the United States
(Usage: {{PD-Art|1=|deathyear=''year of author's death''|country=''source country''}}, where parameter #1 can be PD-old-auto, PD-old-auto-1923, PD-old-auto-1996, PD-old-100 or similar. See Commons:Multi-license copyright tags for more information.)
Template:PD-scan
This image is in the public domain because it is a mere mechanical scan or photocopy of a public domain original, or – from the available evidence – is so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The original itself is in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.


Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Russia has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.


This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For known raw unenhanced scans you can use an appropriate {{PD-old}} tag instead. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.


Dialog-warning.svg
Note: This tag applies to scans and photocopies only. For photographs of public domain originals taken from afar, {{PD-Art}} may be applicable. See Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag.

Automated public domain licenses[edit]

PD-old-auto-1923[edit]

{{PD-old-auto-1923}} is for works eligible for {{PD-1923}}, but with enhanced function. Depending on when an author has died, entering {{PD-old-auto-1923|author's death year}} will automatically pick:

Template:PD-old-80-1923
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-75-1923
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-70-1923
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-60-1923
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-50-1923
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 50 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

PD-old-auto-1996[edit]

{{PD-old-auto-1996}} is for works eligible for {{PD-1996}}, but with enhanced function. Depending on when an author has died, entering {{PD-old-auto-1996|author's death year}} will automatically pick:

Template:PD-old-100-1996
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:

  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the work was PD on the URAA date in its source country. Additionally, there must be verifiable information about previous publications of the work.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-80-1996
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:

  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the work was PD on the URAA date in its source country. Additionally, there must be verifiable information about previous publications of the work.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-75-1996
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:

  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the work was PD on the URAA date in its source country. Additionally, there must be verifiable information about previous publications of the work.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-70-1996
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:

  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the work was PD on the URAA date in its source country. Additionally, there must be verifiable information about previous publications of the work.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-old-60-1996
Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:

  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the work was PD on the URAA date in its source country. Additionally, there must be verifiable information about previous publications of the work.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

PD-anon-auto-1996[edit]

{{PD-anon-auto-1996}} is for anonymous and pseudonymous works eligible for {{PD-1996}}. Depending on when an anonymous and pseudonymous work was published, it will show appropriate details

{{PD-anon-auto-1996|publication=1900}}
Public domain This anonymous or pseudonymous work is in the public domain in the United States because
  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days) and
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or between 1978 and 28 February 1989 without copyright notice and
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country or area on the relevant URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

It is also in the public domain in other countries and areas where the copyright terms of anonymous or pseudonymous works are 80 years or less since publication.

Dialog-warning.svg
For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the work was PD on in its source country (second case). Additionally, there must be verifiable information about previous publications of the work.

English | +/−

PD by particular source[edit]

Template:PD-OpenClipart
Creative Commons icon

CC-Zero

This file is from the Open Clip Art Library, which released it explicitly into the public domain (see here).

To the uploader: Please provide as parameter the link to the page where this image appears.


Čeština | Deutsch | Ελληνικά | English | Español | Français | Italiano | Македонски | Malti | Nederlands | Polski | Português | Português do Brasil | Română | Русский | Svenska | Türkçe | Українська | +/−
Open Clip Art Library logo
Creative Commons CC-Zero This file is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.
The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.

Template:PD-PDphoto.org
pdphoto.org

Public domain

This image from PD Photo.org has been released into the public domain by its author and copyright holder, Jon Sullivan.

From the photo page: This work is dedicated to the Public Domain. For non-US use it is also placed under a Creative Commons CC0 designation.

Sullivan has stated: "You may use this image for any purpose, including commercial. As the owner I have explicitly placed it in the public domain. If you do use it, please consider linking back to pdphoto.org. Use it for whatever you want. Use it all. Sell it. Mangle it. Whatever you want. Please. But it would be polite to let me know so I can at least enjoy whatever creative use you're putting it to. This doesn't mean that you can take the material and then copyright it yourself. It's in the public domain and that's where I want it to stay."

Attention: not all pictures from pdphoto.org are in public domain! Please check the metadata on the source before applying this license tag.

Template:LibriVox public domain
Public domain All works created by LibriVox.org are released into the public domain using the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication.
LibriVox logo.png
Template:PD-EEA
Public domain This image has been downloaded from the European Environment Agency Website, which states that "Unless otherwise indicated [...] information on the EEA web pages may be downloaded free of charge, and reproduced provided the source is acknowledged" (see the legal notice). Online access: www.eea.europa.eu

This is valid despite the copyright notice at the bottom of each page, see this confirmation e-mail


English | español | +/−

Template:PD-Art-YorckProject
Public domain The work of art depicted in this image and the reproduction thereof are in the public domain worldwide. The reproduction is part of a collection of reproductions compiled by The Yorck Project. The compilation copyright is held by Zenodot Verlagsgesellschaft mbH and licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Template:PD-Gray's Anatomy plate
Public domain
This faithful reproduction of a lithograph plate from Gray's Anatomy, a two-dimensional work of art, is not copyrightable in the U.S. as per Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.; the same is also true in many other countries, including Germany. Unless stated otherwise, it is from the 20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, originally published in 1918 and therefore lapsed into the public domain. Other copies of Gray's Anatomy can be found on Bartleby and also on Yahoo!.


This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies worldwide.

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Public domain This image comes from the book:

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The copyrights for those books have expired and this image is in the public domain.

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Public domain This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or less.

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Public domain This image is taken from the 1922 Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practice which is now in the public domain. See Copyright.
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Public domain This image comes from Suomen historia by K. O. Lindeqvist (1858–1927). The copyrights for that book have expired, and this image is in the public domain.
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Description: {{{Description}}}

Source: Suomen historia (Third Edition, published in 1926 in Finland; First Edition was published in 1906) by K. O. Lindeqvist (1858–1927).

Kuvaus: {{{Kuvaus}}}

Lähde: Suomen historia (kolmas painos, joka on julkaistu vuonna 1926 Suomessa; ensimmäinen painos julkaistiin 1906), kirjoittanut O. Lindeqvist (1858–1927).

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Public domain This image of roman coinage was taken from this gallery. The gallery is a part of Heinz-Joachim Krenzer’s private website, who collected the images from various sources. This specific image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, what applies on all images in this gallery without these of Pertinax, Manlia Scantilla und Pescennius Niger. This applies worldwide.
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Description: Location of a waterway (river/canal) in the Netherlends
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Source: based on image image:MapNetherlandsWater.PNG

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Description: Location of a waterway (river/canal) in Belgium
Author: edited by M.Minderhoud
Source: based on image image:MapBelgiumWater.PNG

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Public domain This image is in the public domain because it is extracted from the PDFnet www.pdfnet.dk, whose material is in the public domain (see Om copyright, where it says: "All products, pictures and informations on PDFnet are without copyright. They can be freely used by all, professionally or privately, and for any purpose. Please credit photographer or author if mentioned")
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Public domain This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

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Polski: źródło: Wilhelm Feldman (1868-1919), Współczesna literatura polska 1880-1904, wyd. 1905
English: source: Wilhelm Feldman (1868-1919), Współczesna literatura polska 1880-1904 (Contemporary Polish literature 1880-1904, edited 1905)
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United Nations[edit]

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This work is excerpted from an official document of the United Nations.
Note: This tag is obsolete. If you add it to a file after 18 June 2014, it is liable to be tagged as {{nsd}} or {{npd}} as appropriate – this will result in deletion after 7 days. Furthermore, after 1 January 2015 all files still tagged with this license will be eligible for mass-deletion.

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Public domain This image is a map derived from a United Nations map.

Unless stated otherwise, UN maps are to be considered in the public domain. This applies worldwide.
Some UN maps have special copyrights, as indicated on the map itself.

UN maps are, in principle, open source material and you can use them in your work or for making your own map. UN requests however that you delete the UN name, logo and reference number upon any modification to the map. Content of your map will be your responsibility. You can state in your publication, if you wish, something like: based on UN map … (map name, map number, revision number and date). See: The UN Cartographic Section (retrieved 16 November 2013)

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PD by country[edit]

Argentina[edit]

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Public domain This image is in the public domain because the copyright of this photograph, registered in Argentina, has expired. (Both at least 25 years have passed after the photograph was created, and it was first published at least 20 years ago, Law 11.723, Article 34 as amended, and Berne Convention Article 7 (4)).

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Public domain
The copyright of this cinematographic work, registered in Argentina, has expired. At least 50 years have passed after the death of the script writer, producer and director of this movie (Law 11.723, Article 34 and their modifications).
Nevertheless, its author and source
must be acknowledged.

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Public domain
The copyright of this anonymous work belonging to an institution, corporation or legal entity, registered in Argentina, has expired, and it has entered the public domain. At least 50 years have passed after the anonymous work was first published (Law 11.723, Articles 8 and 28 and their modifications).
Nevertheless, its source must be acknowledged.

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Armenia[edit]

Template:PD-AM-exempt
Public domain REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

LAW ON COPYRIGHT AND RELATED RIGHTS - full text (.pdf)

Article 4. Non-Protected Works

  1. Copyright protection shall not be afforded to:
    a) expressions of traditional folklore and art;
    b) daily news or information on current facts and events;
    c) official documents: legal acts, treaties and the official translations thereof;
    d) state emblems and signs (flags, coats of arms, medals, monetary signs);
    e) political speeches, speeches delivered in the court;
    f) results obtained by technical means without the intervention of human creative activity.
  2. Copyright shall not cover scientific discoveries, ideas, principles, methods, procedures, viewpoints, systems, ceremonies, scientific theories, mathematical formulas, statistical diagrams, rules of games, even if they are expressed, described, disclosed, commented in works.

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Australia[edit]

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Public domain This image is of Australian origin and is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired. According to the Australian Copyright Council (ACC), ACC Information Sheet G023v16 (Duration of copyright) (Feb 2012).
Type of material Copyright has expired if ...
 A  Photographs or other works published anonymously, under a pseudonym or the creator is unknown: taken or published prior to
 B  Photographs (except A): taken prior to
 C  Artistic works (except A & B): the creator died before
 D  Published editions1 (except A & B): first published more than 25 years ago
 E  Commonwealth or State government owned2 photographs and engravings: taken or published more than 50 years ago and prior to

1 means the typographical arrangement and layout of a published work. eg. newsprint.
2owned means where a government is the copyright owner as well as would have owned copyright but reached some other agreement with the creator.


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Australia
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Public domain This image was created in Australia before 1955 and is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired. According to the Australian Copyright Council (ACC), ACC Information Sheet G23 (Duration of copyright) (Sep 2005).
Australia

Photographer : William James Mildenhall
Title of photo: {{{phototitle}}}
Date of photo: {{{photodate}}}
Source of the image, or agency holding the image: {{{sourceoragency}}};
Reference, including image number: {{{refandimagenumber}}}

Austria[edit]

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Public domain This image is in the public domain according to Austrian copyright law because it is part of a law, ordinance or official decree issued by an Austrian federal or state authority, or because it is of predominantly official use. (§7 UrhG)
To uploader: Please provide where the image was first published and who created it.

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Public domain
Deutsch: Diese Abbildung eines Verkehrszeichens ist ein freies Werk, da es Teil der österreichischen Straßenverkehrszeichenverordnung (StVZVO) oder eines anderen Gesetzes, einer Verordnung oder einer amtlichen Veröffentlichung ist (§ 7 Abs. 1 UrhG).

English: This road sign image is in the public domain according to the copyright law of Austria because it is part of the Austrian Straßenverkehrszeichenverordnung (Road Traffic Sign Ordinance), or other statutes, ordinances or official decrees proclaimed officially (§ 7 Abs. 1 UrhG).
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Azerbaijan[edit]

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Public domain This work is not an object of copyright according to the law of Azerbaijan Republic No.: 115-1Q of 5 June 1996 on Copyright and Neighbouring right; this image is in the Public domain worldwide.

Article 5. Scope of Copyright

3. Ideas, methods, processes, systems, means, concepts, principles, discoveries and fact may not be protected by

copyright.

Article 7. Works Which are not Objects of Copyright
The following are not subjects of copyright:

a) official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative or judicial character) and official translations thereof;
b) State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs);
c) works of folklore, which have no signs of Article 5 of this Law;
d) communications concerning events and facts that have informational character.

Comment – According to interstate and international compacts the Azerbaijan Republic is the legal successor of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, therefore this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the ADR and Azerbaijan SSR.

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of the formal documents, which can be copyrighted.

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Belarus[edit]

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Public domain This work is not an object of copyright according to the Law of the Belarus No. 370-XIII of May 16, 1996 on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights.

Article 8. Works that are not Objects of Copyright

  1. Shall not be objects of copyright:
    • formal documents (laws, judgements, other texts of legal, administrative and judicial nature), and also their official translations;
    • state symbols and signs (flag, coat of arms, anthem, awards, banknotes and other signs[1]);
    • works of folk arts, authors of which are not known.
  2. Copyright does not cover ideas, processes, systems, methods of operation, concepts, principles, discoveries or simply information as such, even if they are expressed, reflected, explained or embodied in the work.

Full text of the Law: in Russian, in English.

  1. Postage stamps are state signs according to the Article 1 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus No. 258-З of December 15, 2003 on Mail Service (ru) почтовая марка – государственный знак почтовой оплаты, отпечатанный на бумаге и имеющий художественное изображение, а также надписи «БЕЛАРУСЬ», «BELARUS», год выпуска (арабскими цифрами) и номинальную стоимость (арабскими цифрами). Допускается литерное обозначение номинальной стоимости почтовой марки;
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Comment – According to interstate and international compacts the Republic of Belarus is the legal successor of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, therefore this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Byelorussian SSR.

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of the formal documents, which can be copyrighted.


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Belgium[edit]

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Public domain Flemish municipal coat of arms

This image depicts a coat of arms of a Flemish municipality or province. These coats of arms have been registered with the register van gemeentewapens van de Vlaamse Heraldische Raad [1].

The coat of arms belongs to the public domain of a city of municipality. Using it for advertising purposes, for example as a brand, is strictly forbidden.

Article 184 of the Belgian criminal law states that abuse of or forging a coat of arms can be punished with imprisonment between three months to three years. Attempting to create a coat of arms of misuse of it, is punished with imprisonment between one month and one year.

Using the coat of arms by private persons, private institutions or associations is only allowed if the council of the municipality or city has officially given permission for this. See e.g. [2].

In view of Flemish legislation this image is seen as being in the public domain, as are reproductions of this coat of arms.


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This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

Brazil[edit]

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This photograph was produced by Agência Brasil, a public Brazilian news agency.
Their website states: "Todo o conteúdo deste site está publicado sob a Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 3.0 Brasil exceto quando especificado em contrário e nos conteúdos replicados de outras fontes." (English translation: All content on this website is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Brazil License unless specified otherwise and content replicated from other sources.)

To the uploader: You must provide a link (URL) to the original file and the authorship information if available.

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attribution
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Brazil license.
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You are free:
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Under the following conditions:
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© The copyright holder of this file, Agência Senado, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.
Attribution: Agência Senado


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Public domain This work is in the public domain in Brazil for one of the following reasons:

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Public domain According to the Brazilian Copyright Law (Lei 9.610 de 19 de fevereiro de 1998; See translation)
  • Article 44: The economic rights in audiovisual and photographic works shall be protected for a period of 70 years from the first of January of the year following that of their disclosure;
  • Article 96: The term of protection of neighboring rights shall be 70 years from the first of January of the year following fixation for phonograms, transmission for the broadcasts of broadcasting organizations and public performance in other cases. Hence, this media file is under no copyrights. See Recursos no domínio público.

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Public domain This photo, movie or sound finished before January 1, 1937 (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days) is public domain both in Brazil and United States because it was first published in Brazil and entered the public domain 60 years after creation.

The protection term of 60 years was the effective one, according to art. 45 Lei 5988/1973. It was already public domain when legislation changed in 1998 and remains so according to art 5, XXXVI, Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1988. Lei 5988/1973 was also the effective law on the URAA date.


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This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
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This image was produced by the Brazillian Navy. The Navy's public relations service states that all the images from their website are free for use provided the source is cited.
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© The copyright holder of this file, Navy of Brazil, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.
Attribution: Navy of Brazil


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This image was produced by the Press Secretary of the Presidency of the Federative Republic of Brazil. The notice (archive) stated that photographs of official events available through their website can be used, free of charge, as long as the source is acknowledged. As of 4 July 2011, please do not use this licence as Press Secretary's copyright policy has changed (see template talk).
To the uploader: Please provide a link to the original file and the authorship information if available.

© The copyright holder of this file, Palácio do Planalto, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.
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Copyright
This image comes from the website of Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), the upper house of Brazilian Courts of Justice and is copyrighted. STF allows it to be used for any purpose, if the source of the picture [3] is given.
© The copyright holder of this file, Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.
Attribution: Supremo Tribunal Federal

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This image was produced by the Brazilian Air Force. The Air Force's public relations service states that all the images from their website are free for use provided the source is cited.
To the uploader: Please provide a link to the original file and the authorship information if available.

© The copyright holder of this file, Brazilian Air Force, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.
Attribution: Brazilian Air Force


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Canada[edit]

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Public domain This Canadian work is in the public domain in Canada because its copyright has expired due to one of the following:
1. it was subject to Crown copyright and was first published more than 50 years ago, or

it was not subject to Crown copyright, and

2. it is a photograph that was created prior to January 1, 1949, or
3. the creator died more than 50 years ago.
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Public domain This Canadian stamp is in the public domain because it is more than 50 years old.
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Chile[edit]

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Public domain This file has fallen into the public domain according to Chilean copyright law (No. 17,336 and its amendments). Nevertheless, its author and source must be acknowledged.

See here for the type of material that are in the Public domain.


čeština | English | español | македонски | português | +/−

Public domain in this flag's jurisdiction

China[edit]

Template:PD-China
Public domain This image is now in the public domain in China because its term of copyright has expired. According to copyright laws of the People's Republic of China (with legal jurisdiction in the mainland only, excluding Hong Kong and Macao) and the Republic of China (currently with jurisdiction in Taiwan, the Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, etc.), all photographs and cinematographic works, and all works whose copyright holder is a juristic person, enter the public domain 50 years after they were first published, or if unpublished 50 years from creation, and all other applicable works enter the public domain 50 years after the death of the creator.
To uploader: Please provide where the image was first published and who created it or held its copyright.

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Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Template:PD-China-film
Public domain This movie or image from a movie is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired in Mainland China, Macau, and Taiwan (but not necessarily Hong Kong per warning below).

A cinematographic work, a work created by virtue of an analogous method of film production or a photographic work is copyrighted for 50 years since the first publication in Mainland China, Macau (photographic works copyrighted 25 years from completion), and Taiwan according to article 21 of 3 Term of Protection for Rights Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China, Decree-Law 43/99/M of August 16, 1999 of Macau, and Article 30 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of China in effect in Taiwan.

Warning: This tag must not be used for Hong Kong films that are copyrighted there for life plus 50 years, computed from the last of the following persons with known identity to survive: (a) the principal director; (b) the author of the screenplay; (c) the author of the dialogue; or (d) the composer of music specially created for and used in the film. However, Hong Kong accepts the rule of the shorter term for non-Hong Kong works.


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Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Template:PD-Manchukuo-stamps
Public domain This image of a Manchukuo stamp is in the public domain because any copyright held by the now defunct government has expired pursuant to Article 21 of the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China that limits corporate copyright to 50 years since publication.

English | македонски | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Flag of Manchukuo.svg
People's Republic of China[edit]

See also #Hong Kong and #Macao below.

Template:PD-PRC-exempt
Public domain
Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China: Article 5 This law shall not be applicable to:
(1) laws; regulations; resolutions, decisions and orders of state organs; other documents of legislative, administrative and judicial nature; and their official translations;
(2) news on current affairs; and
(3) calendars, numerical tables, forms of general use and formulas.

This work is from any of the items above and is in the public domain in Mainland China and possibly other jurisdictions. For works whose copyright has expired, see also Template:PD-China. (Article 5 of the Implementing Regulations of the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China defines news on current affairs as the mere facts or happenings reported by the mass media, such as newspapers, periodicals and radio and television stations.)


Flag of Republic of China
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Template:PD-PRC-GB mandatory standard
Public domain
中文(简体)‎: 本图像来自强制性中华人民共和国国家标准权司1999第50号:“强制性标准是具有法规性质的技术性规范”,所以依据中华人民共和国著作权法第五条,不适用著作权保护。
English: This image is from the mandatory National Standard of the People's Republic of China. Mandatory standards are technical standards with legal natures, so the copyright protection is inapplicable pursuant to Article 5 of the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Template:PD-PRC-Road Traffic Signs
Public domain
中文(简体)‎: 本道路交通标志图像来自强制性中华人民共和国国家标准GB 5768《道路交通标志和标线》。权司1999第50号:“强制性标准是具有法规性质的技术性规范”,所以依据中华人民共和国著作权法第五条,不适用著作权保护。
English: This image of road traffic sign is from the mandatory National Standard of the People's Republic of China GB 5768, Road traffic signs and markings. Mandatory standards are technical standards with legal natures, so the copyright protection is inapplicable pursuant to Article 5 of the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Autoroute icone.svg
Template:PD-PRC-Road Traffic Markings
Public domain
中文(简体)‎: 本道路交通标线图像来自强制性中华人民共和国国家标准GB 5768《道路交通标志和标线》。权司1999第50号:“强制性标准是具有法规性质的技术性规范”,所以依据中华人民共和国著作权法第五条,不适用著作权保护。
English: This image of road traffic marking is from the mandatory National Standard of the People's Republic of China GB 5768, Road traffic signs and markings. Mandatory standards are technical standards with legal natures, so the copyright protection is inapplicable pursuant to Article 5 of the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Autoroute icone.svg
Republic of China[edit]
Template:PD-ROC-exempt
Public domain
Copyright Act of the Republic of China in effect in Taiwan:

Article 9

The following items shall not be the subject matter of copyright:

  1. The constitution, acts, regulations, or official documents.
  2. Translations or compilations by central or local government agencies of works referred to in the preceding subparagraph.
  3. Slogans and common symbols, terms, formulas, numerical charts, forms, notebooks, or almanacs.
  4. Oral and literary works for news reports that are intended strictly to communicate facts.
  5. Test questions and alternative test questions from all kinds of examinations held pursuant to laws or regulations.

The term "official documents" in the first subparagraph of the preceding paragraph includes proclamations, text of speeches, news releases, and other documents prepared by civil servants in the course of carrying out their duties.


This work is from any of the items above and is in the public domain in Taiwan administered by the Republic of China and possibly other jurisdictions. For images of traffic signs and indicating lines, please see also Template:PD-ROC-Traffic Signs and Template:PD-ROC-Traffic Indicating Lines.


Flag of the Republic of China

English | македонски | português | português do Brasil | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Template:PD-ROC-law-att
Public domain This file is from:
  • The constitution, acts, regulations, or official documents (including proclamations, text of speeches, news releases, and other documents prepared by civil servants in the course of carrying out their duties).
  • Translations or compilations by central or local government agencies of works referred to in the preceding subparagraph.

of the Republic of China. It shall not be the subject matter of copyright pursuant to Article 9 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of China in effect in Taiwan Area, it is in the public domain.


English | македонски | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Template:PD-ROC-Traffic Signs
Public domain
This image of traffic sign or signal is from the Regulations for Road Traffic Signs, Markings, and Signals publicized by the Ministry of Transportation And Communications and the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of China (Taiwan), which shall not be the subject matter of copyright pursuant to Article 9 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of China in effect in Taiwan Area.
Flag of the Republic of China
Autoroute icone

English | македонски | português do Brasil | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Template:PD-ROC-Traffic Indicating Lines
Public domain
中文(繁體)‎: 本交通標線圖像來自中華民國交通部及内政部發布之《道路交通標誌標線號誌設置規則第{{{條號}}}條,其依據在臺灣地區實施之中華民國著作權法第九條 (著作權標的之限制),不得為著作權之標的

PDF 出處 source: [4] (2007-09-17), [5] (2006-12-13), 或 or [6] (2003-09-24)
尺寸 Size: 150%

English: This image of traffic indicating line is from Article {{{Article number}}} the Regulations for Road Traffic Signs, Markings, and Signals publicized by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications and the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of China (Taiwan), which shall not be the subject matter of copyright pursuant to Article 9 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of China in effect in the Taiwan Area.
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Autoroute icone.svg

Czech Republic[edit]

Template:PD-CzechGov
Public domain According to the Czech Copyright Act, this work is in the public domain.

(Law No. 121/2000, Article 3, Section a)

“Protection pursuant to this Act shall not apply to

  • an official work, such as a legal regulation, decision, public charter, publicly accessible register and the collection of its records, and also
  • an official draft of an official work and other preparatory official documentation including the official translation of such work,
  • Chamber of Deputies and Senate publications,
  • a memorial chronicle of a municipality (muncipal chronicle),
  • a state symbol and symbol of a regional self-governing unit,
  • and other such works where there is public interest in their exclusion from copyright protection.”

Hence it is assumed that this work has been released into the public domain. However, in some instances the use of this work might be regulated by other laws.


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Flag of the Czech Republic.svg

Denmark[edit]

Template:PD-Denmark
Public domain This image is in the public domain because the Danish Author's rights legislation of 2008 specifies that all photographic "works of art" become public domain 70 years after the death of the photographer.

Note that photographs which are not considered to be works of art become public domain 50 years after their creation (§70, 2). See Copyright rules by territory and PD-Denmark50 for details.

This template is for works with a known author. For anonymous works, see {{Anonymous-EU}}.


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Flag of Denmark.svg
Template:PD-Denmark50
Public domain This image is in the public domain because the Danish Consolidated Act on Copyright of 2010 specifies (§91, 5) that all photographic images not considered to be "photographic works" that were created before 1 January 1970 are exempt from protection.

Note that "photographic works", which must display artistic merit or originality, enter the public domain 70 years after the death of the photographer and that photographs that are not considered works but created 1 January 1970 or later become public domain 50 years after they were created. See Licensing for details.

Some countries have a lower threshold of originality and may therefore apply a longer protection term for this image, so it may not be usable in such countries.

To uploader: For this to be applicable, creation year must be known (or known to be at least before 1970)
Note: in addition to this statement, there must be a statement on this page explaining why the photograph is public domain in the United States.

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Flag of Denmark.svg
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

Faroe Islands[edit]

Template:Faroe stamps
Public domain This file has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its copyright holder, Postverk Føroya - Philatelic Office. This applies worldwide.

In case this is not legally possible:
Postverk Føroya - Philatelic Office grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.


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OTRS Wikimedia

The permission to use this work has been archived in the Wikimedia OTRS system. Full documentation is available only to OTRS volunteers as ticket #2006101710008538. If you wish to reuse this work elsewhere, please read the instructions at COM:REUSE. If you are a Commons user and wish to confirm the permission, please leave a note at the OTRS noticeboard.

Ticket link: https://ticket.wikimedia.org/otrs/index.pl?Action=AgentTicketZoom&TicketNumber=2006101710008538

Finland[edit]

Template:PD-Finland
Public domain This image is in the public domain because the Finnish Copyright law of 2005 specifies that all ”works of art” become public domain 70 years after the death of the creator, or 70 years after the date of publication if the works are anonymous and the author did not become known before 70 years from publication had gone.


Note: Photographs which are not considered to be works of art and are created before January 1, 1966 are in the public domain (§49a). See {{PD-Finland50}} for details. This template claims only that the image is public domain in Finland. An additional template should be included to explain why the image is public domain in the United States.

To uploader: If you know, please provide where the image was first published and who created it.


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Flag of Finland.svg
Template:PD-Finland50
Public domain This photograph is in the public domain, because either 50 years has elapsed from the year of creation or the photograph was first published before 1966. The §49a of the Finnish copyright law of 2005 specifies that photographs not considered to be "works of art" become public domain 50 years after they were created. The 50 years from creation protection period came into force in 1991. Before that the protection period was 25 years from the year of first publication according to the §16 of the law of protection of photographs of 1961. Material already released to public domain according to the 1961 law remains in public domain, and therefore all photographs (but not photographic works of art) released before 1966 are in the public domain. See Commons:Copyright_rules_by_territory#Finland for details.



If you think this picture should be considered a work of art, add {{Delete-PD-Finland50}} to this page.
To uploader: Please provide where the image was first published and who created it.
The material with this copyright tag should not be used on the German-language Wikipedia. See Talk page of this template.
Das Material mit dieser Kennzeichnung sollte nicht in der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia benutzt werden. Siehe Diskussion.


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Flag of Finland.svg
Template:PD-Raita
Public domain This media file comes from the Raita database, which is a collection of digitized early Finnish sound recordings provided by The Music Library of the National Library of Finland.
Template:PD-FinlandGov
Public domain This file is in the public domain because it is a part of a decision or a statement issued by a public authority or other public body in Finland. Section 9 of the Finnish Copyright Act specifies that no copyright exists in such material. (Link to the Act)

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Flag of Finland (state).svg
Template:PD-Coa-Finland
Public domain This file depicts the coat of arms of a Finnish municipality (kunta), district (maakunta) or administrative or historical province (lääni). According to Finnish copyright law and opinion of the Finnish Copyright Council (statements 1997:11 and 1998:5) these coats of arms are in the public domain.

Note: The usage of coats of arms is governed by legal restrictions, independent of the copyright status of the depiction shown here.


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Flag of Finland.svg

Coat of arms of Finland.svg
Template:PD-FinlandStamp
Public domain This postage stamp published by Posti- ja telelaitos before January 1, 1990 is in the public domain because it is a part of a decision issued by a public authority in Finland. Section 9 of the Finnish Copyright Act specifies that no copyright exists in such material. (Link to the Act)


This template does not apply to postage stamps first published after 1989. Because Posti- ja telelaitos was changed from an authority to a company in the beginning of 1990, postage stamps published by Posti- ja telelaitos were not anymore part of decisions by an authority. Most probably the copyright owner of postage stamps published after 1989 are Itella Oyj or the designer of them. All postage stamps first published after 1989 marked with this tag should be speedily deleted.


Deutsch | English | français | македонски | русский | suomi | +/−

Flag of Finland (state).svg

France[edit]

Template:PD-JORF
Public domain This document is a facsimile from an official text (law, regulation, etc.) published in the Journal officiel de la République Française, the official gazette of the French Republic. As such, it is not eligible for copyright.
Note: People making derived versions of this work, depending on local laws, should take care that they cannot be accidentally construed to be genuine and unaltered information from the French government, because of legal constraints unrelated to copyright.

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Template:PD-JORF-nor-conso
Public domain
English: This document is a facsimile from an official text (law, regulation etc.) published in the Journal officiel de la République Française, the official gazette of the French Republic. As such, it is not eligible for copyright.

(texte original, texte consolidé)

Français : Ce document est une reproduction d'un texte officiel (loi, règlement etc.) publié au Journal officiel de la République Française. Il n'est donc pas couvert par le droit d'auteur.
Flag of France.svg

Georgia[edit]

Template:PD-GE-exempt
Public domain This work is not an object of copyright according to the Law of Georgia No. 2388-Is of September 9, 1999 on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights

Article 5. Subject Matter Of Copyright

Copyright does not apply to ideas, methods, processes, systems, means, concepts, principles, discoveries and facts, even if they are expressed, described, explained, illustrated or embodied in a work

Article 8. Works To Which Copyright Does Not Apply

  1. Copyright does not apply to the following works:
    a) official documents (laws, decisions of courts, other texts of administrative and normative character), as well as their official translations;
    b) official symbols of state (flag, emblem, anthem, award, monetary symbols, other official signs and symbols of state);
    c) information of events and facts.
  2. When using the works mentioned in subparagraph "b" of this Article under the other persons name, it is possible to protect the right of author's name.

Full text of the Law: in English, in Georgian, in Russian.

Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg

Comment – According to interstate and international compacts Georgia is legal successor of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, therefore this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Georgian SSR.

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of formal documents, which can be copyrighted.


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Germany[edit]

Template:PD-GermanGov
Public domain This image is in the public domain according to German copyright law because it is part of a statute, ordinance, official decree or judgment (official work) issued by a German federal or state authority or court (§ 5 Abs.1 UrhG).

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Coat of arms of Germany.svg
Template:PD-BW
Public domain
This file is part of publicly available service regulations ("Zentrale Dienstvorschrift") of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr). Images from these official service regulations are in the public domain.

Deutsch | English | Nederlands | +/−

Bundeswehr Kreuz.svg
Template:PD-Coa-Germany
Public domain This file depicts the coat of arms of a German Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts (corporation governed by public law). According to § 5 Abs. 1 of the German Copyright law, official works like coats of arms are in the public domain.

Note: The usage of coats of arms is governed by legal restrictions, independent of the copyright status of the depiction shown here.

Wappen Deutschlands
Template:PD-VzKat
Public domain This road sign image is in the public domain according to German copyright law because it is part of the German Verkehrszeichenkatalog (Road Sign Catalogue), Straßenverkehrsordnung (Road Traffic Code) or other statues, ordinances or official decrees proclaimed in the Verkehrsblatt (Traffic Gazette) (§ 5 Abs. 1 UrhG).

dansk | Deutsch | English | français | Nederlands | +/−

VzKat.svg
Template:PD-German stamps
Template:PD-Meyers
Public domain Diese Abbildung stammt aus der 4. Auflage des Meyers Konversationslexikons (1885–90). Das Urheberrecht ist erloschen, die Inhalte sind gemeinfrei.

This image comes from the 4th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon (1885–90). The copyrights have expired and this image is in the public domain.

Meyers Konversations-Lexikon
Template:PD-Meyers-5th-edition
Public domain
Diese Abbildung stammt aus der 5. Auflage von Meyers Konversationslexikon (1893-97). Das Urheberrecht ist erloschen, die Inhalte sind gemeinfrei.
Meyers
This image comes from the 5th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon (1893-97). The copyrights have expired and this image is in the public domain.


Template:PD-Meyers-6th-edition
Public domain Diese Abbildung stammt aus der 20 Bände umfassenden 6. Auflage von Meyers großem Konversationslexikon Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig u. Wien 1902–08. Ergänzungen u. Nachträge. Bd. 21. 1909. Jahres-Supplemente. Bde. 22–24. 1910, 1912, 1913. Kriegsnachträge. 3 Teile. 1916, 1917, 1920. Das Urheberrecht ist erloschen, die Inhalte sind gemeinfrei.

This image comes from the 6th edition of Meyers großem Konversationslexikon (1885–90). Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig u. Wien 1902–08. Ergänzungen u. Nachträge. Bd. 21. 1909. Jahres-Supplemente. Bde. 22–24. 1910, 1912, 1913. Kriegsnachträge. 3 Teile. 1916, 1917, 1920. The copyrights have expired and this image is in the public domain.

Meyerskonvlexikon.jpg
Template:PD-Germany-§134-KUG
Public domain This work was published in Germany before the Law on Copyrights and Neighboring Rights (UrhG) came into effect on January 1, 1966. It does not indicate its author and was published by a legal entity under public law (§ 5 KUG; for details see Wikipedia:Bildrechte). Therefore according to § 134 Satz 2 UrhG, copyright expires 70 years after publishing.

Deutsch | English | +/−

Flag of Germany.svg

Greece[edit]

Template:PD-GreekGov
PD-icon.svg This image is in the public domain according to Greek copyright law (Paragraph 5 of Article II, Law 2121 of 1993) because it shows or is part of an official text expressive of the authority of the State, notably a legislative, administrative or judicial text.
Coat of arms of Greece.svg

Hong Kong[edit]

Template:PD-HK
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Section 17 in Chapter 528 (Copyright Ordinance) of the Law of Hong Kong, the copyright of this work had expired in Hong Kong. This is either because the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died had already ended, or the work is of unknown authorship and the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first made has ended. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.
To uploader: Please provide where the image was first published and who created it.

English | македонски | 中文 | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Flag of Hong Kong (1959-1997).svg

Flag of Hong Kong.svg
Template:PD-HK-PR
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Section 58 in Chapter 528 (Copyright Ordinance) of the Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, this work was considered as a Public record, which may be copied for any purpose without infringement of copyright. The Public record, means the records of any nature or description which have been made, received or acquired in the course of proceedings of the Legislative Council, judicial proceedings or executive transaction, together with the exhibits and other material evidence which form part of or are annexed to or are otherwise related to any record, which are or are required to be in the custody of, or which may be transferred to or be acquired by, any department of the Government. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.
To uploader: Please provide where the image was first published and who created it.

English | македонски | 中文 | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

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Flag of Hong Kong (1959-1997).svg

India[edit]

Template:PD-India
Public domain This work is in the public domain in India because its term of copyright has expired.
  • The Indian Copyright Act applies in India, to works first published in India.
  • According to The Indian Copyright Act, 1957 (Chapter V Section 25), Anonymous works, photographs, cinematographic works, sound recordings, government works, and works of corporate authorship or of international organizations enter the public domain 60 years after the date on which they were first published, counted from the beginning of the following calendar year (ie. as of 2014, works published prior to 1 January 1954 are considered public domain). Posthumous works (other than those above) enter the public domain after 60 years from publication date. Any other kind of work enters the public domain 60 years after the author's death. Text of laws, judicial opinions, and other government reports are free from copyright. Photographs created before 1958 are in the public domain 50 years after creation, as per the Copyright Act 1911.
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!
This file may not be in the public domain outside India. The creator and year of publication are essential information and must be provided. See Wikipedia:Public domain and Wikipedia:Copyrights for more details.

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Indonesia[edit]

Template:PD-IDGov
Public domain This file is in the public domain in Indonesia, because it is published and distributed by the Government of Republic of Indonesia, according to Article 14 item b of the Indonesia Copyright Law No 19, 2002.

There shall be no infringement of Copyright for:

  1. publication and/or reproduction of the symbol of the State and the national anthem in accordance with their original nature;
  2. publication and/or reproduction of anything which is published by and/or behalf of the Government, except if the Copyright is declared to be protected by law or regulation or by statement on the work itself or at the time the work is published; or
  3. repetition, either in whole or in part, of news from a news agency, broadcasting organization, and newspaper or any other sources, provided that the source thereof shall be fully cited.

English | Bahasa Indonesia | Baso Minangkabau | македонски | русский | português | français | Basa Jawa | Basa Sunda | +/−

National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
Template:PD-IDOld-Art29
Public domain This file is in the public domain in Indonesia because its copyright has expired, according to Article 29 of the Indonesia Copyright Law No 19, 2002.
  1. The Copyright on:
    • books, pamphlets and all other written works,
    • dramas, musical dramas, dances and choreographic works,
    • all forms of arts, such as paintings, engravings and sculptures,
    • batik arts,
    • songs or music with or without lyrics,
    • architecture,
    • sermons, lecturers, addresses or other works of utterance,
    • visual aids for educational and scientific purposes,
    • maps, and
    • translations, interpretations, adaptations, anthologies.
    shall be valid for the life of the Author and 50 (fifty) years after his death.
  2. When a Work as referred to in paragraph (1) is jointly owned by 2 (two) persons or more, the Copyright shall be for the life of the longest survival Author and shall be continue 50 (fifty) years after the death of the said longest surviving Author.

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National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
Template:PD-IDOld-Art30
Public domain This file is in the public domain in Indonesia because its copyright has expired, according to Articles 30 and 31 of the Indonesia Copyright Law No 19, 2002.

Article 30

  1. The Copyright on:
    1. computer programs,
    2. cinematographic works,
    3. photographic works,
    4. databases, and
    5. works resulting from adaptations
    shall be valid for 50 (fifty) years as of the first publication.
  2. The Copyright on topographical arrangement of a published work shall be valid for 50 (fifty) years after as of the first publication of the Work.
  3. The Copyright of works as referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this article, and Article 29 paragraph (1) which are owned or held by a legal body, shall be valid for 50 (fifty) years as of from the first publication.

Article 31

  1. The Copyright on works which are held or exercised by the State, pursuant to:
    1. Article 10 paragraph (2), shall be valid without any time limit;
    2. Article 11 paragraph (1) and paragraph (3) shall be valid for 50 (fifty) years as of the first time the work is known to the public.
  2. The Copyright on works which are exercised by publishers pursuant to Article 11 paragraph (2) shall be valid for 50 (fifty) years as of the first publication.
National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg

Iran[edit]

Template:PD-Iran
Public domain This work is now in the public domain in Iran, because according to the Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artists Rights (1970) its term of copyright has expired for one of the following reasons:
The creator(s) died before 22 August 1980, for works that their copyright expired before 22 August 2010 according to the 1970 law.
The creator(s) died more than 50 years ago. (Reformation of article 12 - 22 August 2010)

In the following cases images fall into public domain after 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation (Article 16):

Photographic or cinematographic works.
In cases where the work belongs to a legal personality or rights are transferred to a legal personality.

The media description page should identify which reason applies.
For more information please see: Commons:Copyright rules by territory#Iran.


English | فارسی | +/−

Iran

Ireland[edit]

Template:PD-IrishGov
Public domain This Irish Government or Oireachtas work is in the public domain. According to Chapter 19, §191-193 of the Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000, copyright has expired in Ireland because it is either:
  1. A work made by an officer or employee of the Government or State of Ireland in the course of his or her duties, created before 1st January 1964; or
  2. A work made by an officer or employee of either House of the Oireachtas in the course of his or her duties, created before 1st January 1964; or
  3. A sound recording, film, live broadcast or live cable programme of the proceedings of either House of the Oireachtas created before 1st January 1964; or
  4. A bill or enactment of the Government of Ireland made available to the public before 1st January 1964.

Deutsch | English | français | Gaeilge | македонски | +/−

Coat of arms of Ireland.svg

Israel[edit]

Template:PD-Israel
Public domain This work or image is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired in Israel. According to Israel's copyright statute from 2007 (translation), a work is released to the public domain on 1 January of the 71st year after the author's death (paragraph 38 of the 2007 statute) with the following exceptions:
  • A photograph taken on 24 May 2008 or earlier — the old British Mandate act applies, i.e. on 1 January of the 51st year after the creation of the photograph (paragraph 78(i) of the 2007 statute, and paragraph 21 of the old British Mandate act).
  • If the copyrights are owned by the State, not acquired from a private person, and there is no special agreement between the State and the author — on 1 January of the 51st year after the creation of the work (paragraphs 36 and 42 in the 2007 statute).

See also category: PD Israel & British Mandate. .


العربية | English | עברית | Հայերեն | македонски | русский | +/−

Flag of Israel.svg

Japan[edit]

Template:PD-Japan
Public domain According to Japanese Copyright Law the copyright on this work has expired and is as such public domain. According to articles 51 and 57 of the copyright laws of Japan, under the jurisdiction of the Government of Japan all non-photographic works enter the public domain 50 years after the death of the creator (there being multiple creators, the creator who dies last) or 50 years after publication for anonymous or pseudonymous authors or for works whose copyright holder is an organization.

Note: Use {{PD-Japan-oldphoto}} for photos published before December 31, 1956, and {{PD-Japan-film}} for films produced prior to 1953.

Flag of Japan.svg
Template:PD-Japan-oldphoto
Public domain This photographic image was published before December 31st 1956, or photographed before 1946, under jurisdiction of the Government of Japan. Thus this photographic image is considered to be public domain according to article 23 of old copyright law of Japan (English translation) and article 2 of supplemental provision of copyright law of Japan.
To uploader: Please provide an image source.

Deutsch | English | français | italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | македонски | português | русский | 中文 | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Flag of Japan.svg

Kazakhstan[edit]

Template:PD-KZ-exempt
Public domain KAZAKHSTAN

Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights - full text (.pdf)

Article 8. Works Not Protected by Copyright
The following shall not be protected by copyright:

  1. official documents (laws, court decisions and other texts of a legislative, administrative, judicial or diplomatic nature) together with official translations thereof;
  2. State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs);
  3. works of folklore,
  4. communications concerning events and facts that have an informational character.

English | қазақша | македонски | русский | українська | +/−

Emblem of Kazakhstan.svg

Kenya[edit]

Template:PD-Kenya
Public domain This work was first published in the Kenya and is now in the public domain because its copyright protection has expired by virtue of the The Copyright Act 2001. The work meets one of the following criteria:
  • It is an anonymous or pseudonymous work and 50 years have passed since the date of its publication
  • It is an audiovisual, photographic work or a broadcast, and 50 years have passed since the date of its publication
  • It is a sound recording, and 50 years have passed since the date of its creation
  • It is literary, musical or artistic  work created pursuant to a commission from the government, and 50 years have passed since the date of its publication
  • It is literary, musical or artistic  work, and 50 years have passed since the year of death of the author (or last-surviving author)
Flag of Kenya.svg

Korea, South[edit]

Template:PD-South Korea
Public domain This file is now in the public domain in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) because its term of copyright has expired there.

According to Articles 39 to 44 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of Korea, under the jurisdiction of the Government of the Republic of Korea all copyrighted works enter the public domain 70 years after the death of the creator (there being multiple creators, the creator who dies last) or 70 years after publication when made public in the name of an organization. (30 years for death before 1957)

For audio files and broadcasts, the term of protection ends 70 years after creation. According to Chapter IV Section 5 of the Copyright Act:

The protection period of neighboring rights shall come into effect from the following date and continue to subsist for a period of 70 years from the next year of such date:

  1. For stage performances when the stage performance takes place;
  2. For phonograms when the first fixation of sounds is made; and
  3. For broadcastings when the broadcasting is made.

This applies to copyrighted works of which authors died before 1 January 1963, or made public in the name of an organization before 1 January 1963.

And photograph or other work in the similar form to photography published or the negative thereof produced before and on 31 December 1976 is now in the public domain in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) because its term of copyright has expired there ; Except the photograph is of reproducing the copyright of works of art or, the photograph inserted into a work of study or art is produced only for the work thereof or let the works thereof produced.


English | 한국어 | македонски | +/−

Flag of South Korea.svg

Kosovo[edit]

Template:PD-KosovoGov
Public domain This work is in the public domain because it is a law, rule, regulation or official material of a Republic of Kosovo state body or a body performing public functions, under the terms of Article 12 of Kosovar copyright law. See Copyright.

A source should be included so that the status can be verified.


English | +/−

Coat of arms of Kosovo.svg

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Template:PD-KG-exempt
Public domain This image is not eligible for copyright protection according to the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic (6 of January 18, 1998 "on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights"); this image is in the Public domain worldwide.

Article 6. Works Protected by Copyright (subject matter of copyright)

Ideas, methods, processes, systems, means, concepts, principles, discoveries and facts may not be protected by copyright.

Article 8. Works and the Results of Activity Similar to them that Are not Objects of Copyright

The following shall not be objects of copyright:

  • Official documents (laws, resolutions, decisions and etc.) as well as official translations thereof;
  • State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, orders, monetary signs and etc.);
  • Works of folklore;
  • Information on the news of the day or information on the current events that are of the common press-information character;
  • The results obtained with the help of technical means for the production of a certain type without creative activity of a man directly targeted for creation of an individual work.[1]

Full text of the Law: in Russian, in English.

National emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg

Comment – According to interstate and international compacts the Kyrgyz Republic is the legal successor of the Kirgiz Soviet Socialist Republic, therefore this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Kirgiz SSR.

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of the formal documents, which can be copyrighted.


  1. As amended by the Law No. 120 from November 6, 1999

English | македонски | русский | +/−

Latvia[edit]

Template:PD-LV-exempt
Public domain Copyright Law of the Republic of Latvia: of April 6, 2000 - Full text (.pdf)

Section 6. Non-Protected Works

The following shall not be protected by copyright:

  1. regulatory enactments and administrative rulings, other documents issued by the State and Local Governments and adjudications of courts (laws, court judgements, decisions and other official documents), as well as official translations of such texts and official consolidated versions;
  2. State approved, as well as internationally recognised official symbols and signs (flags, Coats of Arms, anthems, and awards), the use of which is subject to specific regulatory enactments;
  3. maps, the preparation and use of which are determined by regulatory enactments;
  4. information provided in the press, radio or television broadcasts or other information media concerning news of the day and various facts and events;
  5. ideas, methods, processes and mathematical concepts.
Coat of arms of Latvia.svg

English | latgaļu | latviešu | македонски | русский | +/−

Lithuania[edit]

Template:PD-LT-exempt
Public domain According to the Republic of Lithuania Law on Copyright and Related Rights (passed on May 18, 1999 and amended 2010) Chapter II, Section 1, Article 5, case 3: "Copyright shall not apply to official State symbols and insignia (flags, coat-of-arms, anthems, banknote designs, and other State symbols and insignia) the protection of which is regulated by other legal acts."

Hence it is assumed that this image has been released into the public domain. However, in some instances the use of this image might be regulated by other laws.

Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg

Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ | English | Lietuvių | Македонски | Nederlands | Русский | +/−

Macao[edit]

Template:PD-MacaoGov
Public domain
This work is from an official work of Macau and is in the public domain in Macau and possibly other jurisdictions. See here for the type of material that are in the Public domain in Chinese and Portuguese (official languages of Macau), plus English (not an official language of Macau).
Flag of Macau

English | español | македонски | português | português do Brasil | ไทย | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Template:PD-MO
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Article 21 and 23 of Decreto-Lei n.º 43/99/M of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Copyright of this work had expired in Macau. This is either because the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author dies had already ended, or the work is of unknown authorship and the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first made has ended. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.

To uploader:

Please provide where and when the image was first published and, if necessary, who created it.

English | македонски | português | +/−

Flag of Macau.svg
Template:PD-MO
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Article 21 and 23 of Decreto-Lei n.º 43/99/M of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Copyright of this work had expired in Macau. This is either because the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author dies had already ended, or the work is of unknown authorship and the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first made has ended. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.

To uploader:

Please provide where and when the image was first published and, if necessary, who created it.

English | македонски | português | +/−

Flag of Macau.svg
Template:PD-MO-old-audiovisual
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Article 106 of Decreto-Lei n.º 43/99/M of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Copyright of this work had lapsed in Macau. This is because the copyright in an audiovisual work shall lapse 50 years after its disclosure. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.

To uploader:

Please provide where and when the work was first published and, if possible, who created it.

English | +/−

Flag of Macau.svg
Icon Camera.svg
Template:PD-MO-old-photo
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Article 155 of Decreto-Lei n.º 43/99/M of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Copyright of this work had lapsed in Macau. This is because the copyright in photographic works shall lapse 25 years after their completion. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.

To uploader:

Please provide where and when the image was first published and, if possible, who created it.

English | +/−

Flag of Macau.svg
Crystal Clear app lphoto.png
Template:PD-MO-old-media
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Article 188 of Decreto-Lei n.º 43/99/M of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Copyright of this work had lapsed in Macau. This is because the rights of producers of phonograms and videograms shall lapse 50 years after fixation. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.

To uploader:

Please provide where and when the work was first fixed and, if possible, who created it.

Flag of Macau.svg
Vista-multimedia.png
Template:PD-MO-old-broadcast
Public domain This work is in the public domain because, according to Article 192 of Decreto-Lei n.º 43/99/M of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Copyright of this work had lapsed in Macau. This is because the rights of broadcasting organizations shall lapse 20 years after the broadcast. Please also see Wikipedia:Copyrights.

To uploader:

Please provide where and when the work was first broadcasted and, if possible, who created it.

Flag of Macau.svg


News reader.png

Macedonia[edit]

Template:PD-Macedonia
Public domain This work published in Republic of Macedonia is in the public domain because its copyright expired pursuant to the Yugoslav Copyright Act of 1978 which provided for copyright term of the life of the author plus 50 years, respectively 25 years for photograph or a work of applied art. This applies to works already in the public domain on or before 1996 when a new copyright act became valid.

The work meets one of the following criteria:

a) a work of known authorship and the author died before January 1, 1946
b) an anonymous work and it was published before January 1, 1946
c) a photograph or a work of applied art published before January 1, 1971

Note that other works enter the public domain 70 years after the author's death or 70 years after publication if the work was published anonymously. If this is the case please use {{PD-old-70}}.

Flag of Macedonia.svg


Mexico[edit]

Template:PD-Mexico
Public domain This work is in the public domain in Mexico because either its author died before 1952 (Mexico had a term of 30 years after the author's death until 1982, and no copyright term extension in 1982 or later restored copyright to expired works), or it is a work of the Mexican government and it was published more than 100 years ago.

English | español | suomi | македонски | русский | +/−

Flag of Mexico.svg

Moldova[edit]

Template:PD-MD-exempt
Public domain LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

ON COPYRIGHT AND NEIGHBOURING RIGHTS no. 139 of July 2, 2010 - full text

Article 8. Works Not Protected by Copyright

  • Copyright shall not extend to:
    • a) Official documents (laws, court decisions, etc.) or to the official translations thereof;
    • b) State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs, etc.);
    • c) Folklore expressions;
    • d) Daily news and facts of simple informational nature.

Deutsch | English | Română | Русский | +/−

Coat of arms of Moldova.svg

Montenegro[edit]

Template:PD-MNEGov
Public domain This image is in the public domain because according to the Copyright Law of Montenegro ("Службени Лист ЦГ/Službeni list CG", бр. 61/2007), "Work is not copyrighted if the work is:
  1. Law, sub-law act or other kind of law act.
  2. Official materials of state authorities or materials published by any other person or institution which do public function.
  3. Official translations of materials of state authorities or translation of materials published by any other person or institution which do public function.
  4. Any of acts in judgment processes."

Hence it is assumed that this image has been released into public domain.


English | српски / srpski | +/−

Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg

Norway[edit]

Template:PD-Statens vegvesen
Public domain This image is in the public domain because it depicts a Norwegian road sign, produced by the The Norwegian Public Roads Administration (Statens vegvesen). The image may be used freely.
Autoroute icone.svg

Philippines[edit]

Template:PD-Philippines
Public domain This work was first published in the Philippines and is now in the public domain because its copyright protection has expired by virtue of the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines. The work meets one of the following criteria:
  • It is an anonymous or pseudonymous work and 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
  • It is an audiovisual or photographic work and 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
  • It is a work of applied art and 25 years have passed since the year of its publication
  • It is another kind of work, and 50 years have passed since the year of death of the author (or last-surviving author)
Flag of the Philippines.svg

Poland[edit]

Template:PD-Polish
Public domain This photograph is in the public domain because according to the Art. 3 of copyright law of March 29, 1926 of the Republic of Poland and Art. 2 of copyright law of July 10, 1952 of the People's Republic of Poland, all photographs by Polish photographers (or published for the first time in Poland or simultaneously in Poland and abroad) published without a clear copyright notice before the law was changed on May 23, 1994 are assumed public domain in Poland.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:

  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country (Poland) on the URAA date ().
To uploader: Please provide where and when the image was first published.
Godlo PRL.svg
Template:PD-Polishsymbol
Public domain This image is in the public domain according to Article 4, case 2 of the Polish Copyright Law Act of February 4, 1994 (Dz. U. z 2006 r. Nr 90 poz. 631 with later changes) "normative acts and drafts thereof as well as official documents, materials, signs and symbols are not subject to copyrights". Hence it is assumed that this image has been released into public domain. However in some instances the use of this image in Poland might be regulated by other laws.
Herb Polski.svg

Romania[edit]

Template:PD-RO-exempt
Public domain According to the Romanian Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights Law no. 8/1996 of March 14, 1996 with further amendments Chapter 3 Article 9 the following documents shall not benefit from the legal protection accorded to copyright:
  • (a) the ideas, theories, concepts, scientific discoveries, procedures, working methods, or mathematical concepts as such and inventions, contained in a work, whatever the manner of the adoption, writing, explanation or expression thereof;
  • (b) official texts of a political, legislative, administrative or judicial nature, and official translations thereof;
  • (c) official symbols of the State, public authorities and organizations, such as armorial bearings, seals, flags, emblems, shields, badges and medals;
  • (d) means of payment;
  • (e) news and press information;
  • (f) simple facts and data.

Also, according to Chapter 10 Article 85 Paragraph 2,

  • The photographs of letters, deeds, documents of any kind, technical drawings and other similar papers shall not benefit from the legal protection accorded to copyright.

Therefore this image is assumed to be in the public domain worldwide, although some of the above categories may be subject to usage restrictions within Romania.


Deutsch | English | français | italiano | македонски | română | русский | +/−

Coat of arms of Romania.svg

Russia[edit]

Template:PD-Russia
Public domain This work is in the public domain in Russia according to article 6 of Law No. 231-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006; the Implementation Act for Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.

Usually:[1]

  1. The author of this work died before January 1, 1944, did not work during the Great Patriotic War and did not participate in it.
  2. This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication.
  3. This work was originally published anonymously or under the pseudonym between January 1, 1943 and January 1, 1944, and the name of the author did not become known during 70 years after publication.
  4. Corporate body copyright has expired since the last 70 years from the publication of the work, and if the work was not published, - from the date of its creation. This applied to
    a) non-amateur cinema or television film or television broadcast (or shots of them, including separate frames), which was first shown more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1944).
    b) radio records (or their fragments), which was first broadcasted more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1944).
  5. The copyright to this product discontinued, as was part of the escheat of property (Art. 1151 of Civil Code). The product must also be in the public domain in the United States.

[1] Attention! If the author of this work was subjected to repression and rehabilitated posthumously, countdown of copyright protection began not from the death date, but from the rehabilitation date. If the work was first published posthumously, the copyright term is counted from the date of that first publication, unless the author was later rehabilitated, in which case it runs again from that later rehabilitation date.



Deutsch | English | suomi | français | македонски | Plattdüütsch | русский | українська | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

Flag of Russia
Template:PD-RU-exempt
Public domain This work is not an object of copyright according to Part IV of Civil Code No. 230-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006.

Article 1259. Objects of Copyright

Paragraph 5

Copyright shall not apply to ideas, concepts, principles, methods, processes, systems, means, solutions of technical, organizational and other problems, discoveries, facts, programming languages.

Paragraph 6

Shall not be objects of copyright:
  • official documents of state government agencies and local government agencies of municipal formations, including laws, other legal texts, judicial decisions, other materials of legislative, administrative and judicial character, official documents of international organizations, as well as their official translations;
  • state symbols and signs (flags, emblems, orders, banknotes, and the like), as well as symbols and signs of municipal formations;
  • works of folk art (folklore), which don't have specific authors;
  • news reports on events and facts, which have a purely informational character (daily news reports, television programs, transportation schedules, and the like).

Full text of the Code: in Russian (in English).

Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg

Comment – According to interstate and international compacts, the Russian Federation is the legal successor of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; therefore, this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Russian SFSR and the USSR (union level[1]).

Warning – This Russian official document, state symbol or sign (postage stamps, coins and banknotes mainly) may incorporate one or more works that can be copyrightable if separated from this document, symbol or sign. In such a case, this work is not an object of copyright if reused in its entirety but, at the same time, extracting specific portions from this work could constitute copyright infringement. For example, the denomination and country name must be preserved on postage stamps.

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of formal documents, which can be copyrighted.


  1. The union level means that use of official symbols and the formal documents of 14 other Soviet Republics is the subject of law of their legal successor. See respective license tags.

Template:PD-Brockhaus&Efron
Public domain This image comes from the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (1890-1907). The copyrights for that book have expired and this image is in the public domain.

català | čeština | English | suomi | français | Հայերեն | lietuvių | македонски | português | русский | +/−

Brockhaus and Efron titles.jpg

Serbia and Montenegro[edit]

See also #Serbia, #Montenegro and #Kosovo.

Template:PD-SCGGov
Public domain This image is in the public domain because according to the Copyright Law of Serbia and Montenegro ("Службени гласник СЦГ", бр. 61/2004), "Work is not copyrighted if the work is:
  1. Law, sub-law act or other kind of law act.
  2. Official materials of state authorities or materials published by any other person or institution which do public function.
  3. Official translations of materials of state authorities or translation of materials published by any other person or institution which do public function.
  4. Any of acts in judgment processes."

A source should be included so that the status can be verified. This federal law applies for both republics, Serbia and Montenegro, as long as they do not adopt own inherent laws.


English | македонски | slovenščina | српски / srpski | +/−

Coat of arms of Serbia and Montenegro.svg

Serbia[edit]

Template:PD-SerbiaGov
Public domain This work is in the public domain because according to the Copyright Law of Serbia, "Work is not copyrighted if the work is:
  1. Laws, decrees and other regulations;
  2. Official materials of state bodies and bodies performing public functions;
  3. Official translations of regulations and official materials of state bodies and bodies performing public functions;
  4. Submissions and other documents presented in the administrative or court proceedings."

A source should be included so that the status can be verified.


Deutsch | English | македонски | српски / srpski | +/−

Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg

South Africa[edit]

Template:PD-SAGov
Public domain This image is in the public domain in South Africa and possibly other jurisdictions. This is because it is a work of the South African Government and was published more than 50 years ago. The copyright has therefore expired.
Flag of South Africa.svg

Sweden[edit]

Template:PD-Sweden-photo
Public domain
This Swedish photograph is free to use under one of the following cases:
  • For photographic works (fotografiska verk), the image is in the public domain:
a) if the photographer died before January 1, 1944, or
b) if the photographer is not known, and cannot be traced, and the image was created before January 1, 1944.
  • For photographic pictures (fotografiska bilder), such as images by the press, the image is in the public domain if created before January 1, 1969 (transitional regulations 1994).

The photographer, if known, should always be attributed.
Always provide source information.

Deutsch | English | Español | Suomi | Italiano | Македонски | Português do Brasil | Română | Русский | Svenska | Türkçe | +/−

Flag of Sweden.svg
Template:PD-Sweden-1969
Public domain
This Swedish photograph is free to use under one of the following cases:
  • For photographic works (fotografiska verk), the image is in the public domain:
a) if the photographer died before January 1, 1944, or
b) if the photographer is not known, and cannot be traced, and the image was created before January 1, 1944.
  • For photographic pictures (fotografiska bilder), such as images by the press, the image is in the public domain if created before January 1, 1969 (transitional regulations 1994).

The photographer, if known, should always be attributed.
Always provide source information.

Deutsch | English | Español | Suomi | Italiano | Македонски | Português do Brasil | Română | Русский | Svenska | Türkçe | +/−

Flag of Sweden.svg
Template:PD-Transportstyrelsen
Public domain This image is in the public domain because it depicts a Swedish road sign produced by the Swedish Transport Agency (Transportstyrelsen). The image may be used freely (see Template talk:PD-Transportstyrelsen for proof). Other images than road signs published by Vägverket are not necessarily free from copyright [7].
Autoroute icone.svg
Template:PD-Nordens Flora
Public domain This image is in the public domain because the copyrights of the original work of art have expired. It is a reproduction of a painting by the Swedish botanist C. A. M. Lindman (1856–1928), taken from his book(s) Bilder ur Nordens Flora (first edition published 1901–1905, supplemented edition 1917–1926?).

See Projekt Runeberg for more information and for the source scans, and biolib.de/MPIPZ for processed image versions.

Illustration Acer platanoides1.jpg
Public domain The author died in 1928, so this work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-Ugglan
Public domain This image was first published in the 1st (1876–1899), 2nd (1904–1926) or 3rd (1923–1937) edition of Nordisk familjebok. The copyrights for that book have expired and this image is in the public domain.

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Logo för Nordisk familjeboks uggleupplaga.png
Template:PD-NTBB
Public domain This image comes from the Swedish journal Nordisk tidskrift för bok- och biblioteksväsen. The copyrights for that journal have expired and this image is in the public domain.
Template:PD-SBH
Public domain This image comes from the online version of the Swedish Svenskt Biografiskt Handlexikon (1906). The copyrights for that journal have expired and this image is in the public domain.
Uno von Troil, image from Svenskt Biografiskt Handlexikon
Template:Svenskt porträttgalleri
Public domain This image comes from the Svenskt porträttgalleri issued between 1895-1913. The copyrights for that book have expired and this image is in the public domain. Project Runeberg has made a facsimile version of the books using a digital camera. Parts of it is available at http://runeberg.org/spg/
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

Dialog-warning.svg Public domain works must be out of copyright in both the United States and in the source country of the work in order to be hosted on the Commons. If the work is not a U.S. work, the file must have an additional copyright tag indicating the copyright status in the source country.

Template:PD-Sjöfartsverket
Public domain This image is in the public domain because it depicts a Swedish maritime fairway sign produced by the Swedish Maritime Administration (Sjöfartsverket). The image may be used freely (see Template talk:PD-Sjöfartsverket for proof).
Sjövägmärke, Ankring tillåten.svg
Template:PD-SFJ
Public domain This image comes from the Swedish journal Svenska Familj-Journalen (1864-1887). The copyrights for that journal have expired and this image is in the public domain.
Svenska Familj-Journalen Logo 1866.png
Template:PD-Fröléens konversationslexikon
Public domain
English: This image comes from the Swedish encyclopedia Fröléens konversationslexikon (1910–1914). The copyrights for that book have expired and this image is in the Public Domain.
Svenska: Denna bild kommer från Fröléens konversationslexikon (1910–1914). Upphovsrätten för det verket har gått ut, och bilderna är fria att använda.
Deutsch: Dieses Bild stammt aus Fröléens konversationslexikon (1910–1914). Das Werk ist gemeinfrei.

Switzerland[edit]

Template:PD-Switzerland-photo
Public domain

This photograph was first published in Switzerland. It does not have the individual character required for copyright protection under Art. 2 par. 1 of the Swiss Copyright Act. See Wikipedia for details.

According to applicable case law, the individual expression of thought required for protection is present if the photograph is given an individual character e.g. by the choice of framing, the use of camera settings or the editing of the image. Conversely, it is not present, irrespective of the object and the setting, if the image is a mere "point-and-click" image with no individual characteristics. See Blau Guggenheim v. British Broadcasting Corporation BBC, BGE 130 (2004) III S. 714-720.

According to the Public Domain FAQ published by the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property on its website, "the individuality required for copyright protection is commonly lacking for reproductions [of public domain works] which are as true as possible to the original. In contrast, an artistic photograph of a public domain work can be protected by copyright as a so-called 'derivative work'. [...] Whether a work is two or three-dimensional is irrelevant." (Version of 7 March 2014).


Diese Fotografie wurde in der Schweiz zum ersten Mal publiziert. Sie ist mangels Individualität kein geschütztes Werk im Sinne des Schweizer Urheberrechts (Art. 2 Abs. 1 URG.) Siehe Wikipedia für Details.

Gemäss bundesgerichtlicher Rechtsprechung setzt der Urheberrechtsschutz voraus, dass die Fotografie Ausdruck einer Gedankenäusserung mit individuellem Charakter ist. Dies ist z.B durch die Wahl des Bildausschnitts und des Zeitpunkts des Auslösens, durch die Einstellung von Schärfe und Belichtung sowie durch die Bearbeitung des Negativs möglich. Nicht geschützt ist somit (unabhängig vom Gegenstand) eine Fotografie, die den Gestaltungsspielraum weder in fototechnischer noch in konzeptioneller Hinsicht ausnutzt, sondern sich vom allgemein Üblichen nicht abhebt. Vgl. Blau Guggenheim gegen British Broadcasting Corporation BBC, BGE 130 (2004) III S. 714-720, m. w. Nw.

Gemäss den Fragen und Antworten zur Public Domain, welche das Eidgenössische Institut für Geistiges Eigentum auf seiner Website veröffentlicht hat, dürfte es bei möglichst originalgetreuen Reproduktionen eines Werkes in der Public Domain "regelmässig an der für einen Urheberrechtsschutz erforderlichen Individualität mangeln. Demgegenüber kann eine künstlerische Fotografie eines gemeinfreien Werks als sogenanntes 'Werk zweiter Hand' Urheberrechtsschutz geniessen. [...] Ob ein Werk zwei- oder dreidimensional ist, spielt hierbei keine Rolle." (Version vom 7. März 2014).


La première publication de cette photographie eut lieu en Suisse. Par manque d'individualité, elle ne constitue pas d'œuvre protégée dans le sens de la loi suisse sur le droit d'auteur (Art. 2.1 LDA.) Comparer également Wikipédia pour les détails.

Selon le tribunal fédéral, la protection des œuvres photographiques présuppose que la photographie soit l'expression d'une pensée à caractère individuelle. Ladite expression peut par exempe être achevée par le choix de découpure, le moment où le photographe appuie sur la gâchette de déclenchement ou le traitement du cliché. Indépendamment du sujet, une photographie ne constitue pas d'œuvre protégée dans le sens de la loi lorsqu'elle n'exploite la liberté de manœuvre ni techniquement ni conceptionnellement, donc une photographie qui ne se démarque point du habituel. Comparer Blau Guggenheim vs. British Broadcasting Corporation BBC, BGE 130 (2004) III S. 714-720, m. w. Nw.

Selon les questions fréquentes sur le domaine public publiées par l'Institut Fédéral de la Propriété Intellectuelle sur son site, dans le cas des reproductions conformes à l'original d'un œuvre du domaine public, "le caractère individuel requis pour bénéficier de la protection conférée par le droit d’auteur fait souvent défaut. En revanche, une photographie artistique d'une œuvre du domaine public peut bénéficier de la protection du droit d'auteur en tant qu'œuvre dérivée. [...] Peu importe dans ce cas si l'œuvre est bi- ou tridimensionnelle." (version du 24 avril 2014)


Questa fotografia è stata pubblicata per la prima volta in Svizzera. Essa non possiede il carattere di originalità necessaria per essere protetta ai sensi della legge svizzera sul diritto d'autore (Art. 2.1 LDA). Vedere Wikipedia (in tedesco) per i dettagli.

Secondo il tribunale federale, la protezione delle opere fotografiche presuppone che la fotografia sia l'espressione di un pensiero originale. Questa si può avere, ad esempio, attraverso la scelta dell'inquadratura, la regolazione delle impostazioni della fotocamera o la modifica dell'immagine. Non è quindi protetta, indipendentemente dal soggetto, una fotografia che non presenti alcuna caratteristica individuale. Vedere Blau Guggenheim contro British Broadcasting Corporation BBC, BGE 130 (2004) III S. 714-720 (in tedesco).

Secondo le domande ricorrenti pubblicate sul sito dell'Istituto Federale della Proprietà Intelletuale, "Nel caso di una riproduzione molto fedele all’originale [di un‘opera di pubblico dominio], affinché l’opera possa essere protetta dal diritto d’autore manca verosimilmente il carattere originale. D'altra parte, una fotografia artistica può beneficiare della protezione del diritto d’autore a titolo di 'opera di seconda mano'. [...] Poco importa in questo caso che l’opera sia bidimensionale o tridimensionale." (versione dal 24 aprile 2014)

Coat of Arms of Switzerland (Pantone).svg
Template:PD-Switzerland-official
Public domain

This image is from or of:

  • a law, ordinance, international treaty or other official act
  • a decision, protocol or report by public authorities
  • a piece of currency
  • a patent or patent application

of Switzerland or the Swiss cantons. It is therefore not protected by copyright by virtue of Art. 5 of the Swiss Copyright Act.


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Coat of Arms of Switzerland (Pantone).svg

Taiwan[edit]

See #Republic of China above.

Tajikistan[edit]

Template:PD-TJ-exempt
Public domain This work is not an object of copyright according to the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan No. 726 of November 13, 1998 on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights.

Article 5. Object of Copyright. General Provisions

Copyright shall not apply to ideas, methods, processes, systems, means, concepts, principles, discoveries, and facts.

Article 7. Works that are not Objects of Copyright

Shall not be objects of copyright:
  1. formal documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative or judicial nature), and also their official translations;
  2. state symbols and signs (flags, coats of arms, insignia, banknotes and so on);
  3. communications concerning events and facts that have informational character;
  4. works of folk arts.

Full text of the Law: in Russian, in English.

Emblem of Tajikistan.svg

Comment – According to interstate and international compacts the Republic of Tajikistan is the legal successor of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, therefore this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Tajik SSR.

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of the formal documents, which can be copyrighted.

Ukraine[edit]

Template:PD-UA-exempt
Public domain According to the Article 10 of the Law of Ukraine on Copyright and Related rights this work is in the public domain within Ukraine and possibly in other jurisdictions because it is one of the following:
  • (a) daily news or details of current events that constitute regular press information;
  • (b) works of folk art (folklore);
  • (c) official documents of a political, legislative or administrative nature (laws, decrees, resolutions, court awards, State standards, etc.) issued by government authorities within their powers, and official translations thereof;
  • (d) State symbols of Ukraine, government awards; symbols and signs of government authorities, the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations; symbols of territorial communities; symbols and signs of enterprises, institutions and organizations; (includes postage stamps)
  • (e) coins and banknotes;
  • (f) transport schedules, TV and radio broadcast schedules, telephone directories and other similar databases that do not meet the originality criteria and to which the sui generis right (a particular or special right) is applicable;

Note that drafts of anything that falls under sections (d) and (e), unless officially approved, are under copyright.


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Flag of Ukraine.svg

United Kingdom[edit]

Template:PD-UKGov
Public domain This artistic work created by the United Kingdom Government is in the public domain.

This is because it is one of the following:

  1. It is a photograph created by the United Kingdom Government and taken prior to 1 June 1957; or
  2. It was commercially published prior to 1964; or
  3. It is an artistic work other than a photograph or engraving (e.g. a painting) which was created by the United Kingdom Government prior to 1964.

HMSO has declared that the expiry of Crown Copyrights applies worldwide (ref: HMSO Email Reply)
More information.

See also Copyright and Crown copyright artistic works.


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Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Template:PD-UK-known
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the European Union and non-EU countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years or less.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term. Copyright may extend on works created by French who died for France in World War II (more information), Russians who served in the Eastern Front of World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) and posthumously rehabilitated Russians (more information).


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This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Template:PD-UK-unknown
Public domain logo This UK artistic work, of which the author is unknown and cannot be ascertained by reasonable enquiry, is in the public domain because it is one of the following:
  • A photograph, which has never previously been made available to the public (e.g. by publication or display at an exhibition) and which was taken more than 70 years ago (before 1st January 1944); or
  • A photograph, which was made available to the public (e.g. by publication or display at an exhibition) more than 70 years ago (before 1 January 1944); or
  • An artistic work other than a photograph (e.g. a painting), which was made available to the public (e.g. by publication or display at an exhibition) more than 70 years ago (before 1 January 1944).

Warning sign This tag can be used only when the author cannot be ascertained by reasonable enquiry. If you wish to rely on it, please specify in the image description the research you have carried out to find who the author was.

Warning sign The above is all subject to any overriding Publication right which may exist. In practice, Publication right will often override the first of the bullet points listed.

Unpublished anonymous paintings remain in copyright until at least 1 January 2040. This tag does not apply to engravings or musical works. More information.

Warning sign You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States.

United States[edit]

Template:PD-US
Public domain
This media file is in the public domain in the United States. This applies to U.S. works where the copyright has expired, often because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1923. See this page for further explanation.
United States
Dialog-warning.svg
This image might not be in the public domain outside of the United States; this especially applies in the countries and areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada, Mainland China (not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany, Mexico, and Switzerland. The creator and year of publication are essential information and must be provided. See Wikipedia:Public domain and Wikipedia:Copyrights for more details.
Template:PD-1923
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

Dialog-warning.svg Public domain works must be out of copyright in both the United States and in the source country of the work in order to be hosted on the Commons. If the work is not a U.S. work, the file must have an additional copyright tag indicating the copyright status in the source country.

Template:PD-1996
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States because it meets three requirements:
  1. it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days),
  2. it was first published before 1978 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities or after 1978 without copyright notice,
  3. it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

Dialog-warning.svg For background information, see the explanations on Non-U.S. copyrights.
Note: This tag should not be used for sound recordings.

Template:PD-US-no notice
PD-icon.svg This work is in the public domain in that it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1977 and without a copyright notice. Unless its author has been dead for several years, it is copyrighted in jurisdictions that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada (50 p.m.a.), Mainland China (50 p.m.a., not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 p.m.a.), Mexico (100 p.m.a.), Switzerland (70 p.m.a.), and other countries with individual treaties. See this page for further explanation.

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Template:PD-US-not renewed
Public domain This work is in the public domain because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1963 and although there may or may not have been a copyright notice, the copyright was not renewed. Unless its author has been dead for the required period, it is copyrighted in the countries or areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada (50 pma), Mainland China (50 pma, not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 pma), Mexico (100 pma), Switzerland (70 pma), and other countries with individual treaties. See Commons:Hirtle chart for further explanation.

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Flag of the United States
Template:PD-US-1978-89
Public domain This work is in the public domain because it was published in the United States between 1978 and March 1, 1989 without a copyright notice, and its copyright was not subsequently registered with the U.S. Copyright Office within 5 years. Unless its author has been dead for several years, it is copyrighted in the countries or areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada (50 pma), Mainland China (50 pma, not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 pma), Mexico (100 pma), Switzerland (70 pma), and other countries with individual treaties. See this page for further explanation.

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Flag of the United States.svg
Template:PD-USGov-money
Public domain

This image depicts a unit of currency issued by the United States of America. If this is an image of paper currency or a coin not listed here, it is solely a work of the United States government, is ineligible for copyright, and is therefore in the public domain.


Fraudulent use of this image is punishable under applicable counterfeiting laws.

Template:PD-US-patent
May or may not be in the public domain In general, the contents of United States patents published before March 1, 1989 are in the public domain.[11]

In specific cases, patent applicants and holders may claim copyright in portions of those documents. In those specific cases, applicants are required to identify the portions that are protected under copyright, and are additionally required to state the following within the body of the application and patent:[12] [13]

A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to (copyright or mask work) protection. The (copyright or mask work) owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by any­one of the patent document or the patent disclosure, as it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent file or records, but otherwise reserves all (copyright or mask work) rights whatsoever.

The original patent should be checked for the presence of such language before an assumption is made that the contents are in the public domain. (This template can be replaced by {{PD-US-patent-no notice}} in such cases.)

Note: This only applies to images published before March 1, 1989. Patents published after that date are most likely copyrighted, unless in the public domain for another reason, such as {{PD-ineligible}}.


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Template:PD-Archivesnormandie
Public domain This picture is from the site Archives Normandie 1939-45 where it is available under reference identifier undefined

The pictures that are credited to the National Archives USA or the National Archives Canada and which are tagged "libres de droits" are in the public domain.

See conditions d'utilisation.

Normandyx.jpg
Note : the reference identifier is marked here as "undefined". This template should be used with the reference identifier as parameter ({{PD-Archivesnormandie|<reference identifier>}}).
Library of Congress[edit]
Template:PD-Van Vechten
Public domain As the restrictions on this collection expired in 1986, the Library of Congress believes this image is in the public domain.
However, the Carl Van Vechten estate has asked that use of Van Vechten's photographs "preserve the integrity" of his work, i.e, that photographs not be colorized or cropped, and that proper credit is given to the photographer. For more information consult Restrictions on Van Vechten Photographs.
Template:PD-Bain
Public domain This is a press photograph from the George Grantham Bain collection, which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 1948. According to the library, there are no known restrictions on the use of these photos.
Template:PD-Gottlieb
Public domain This photograph is from the William P. Gottlieb Collection which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 1995. The collection consists of jazz photographs taken from 1938 to 1948 by writer-photographer William P. Gottlieb. In accordance with the wishes of Gottlieb, the photographs in this collection entered into the public domain on February 16, 2010. See Copyright and Other Restrictions.
Template:PD-Highsmith
This photograph is from the Carol M. Highsmith Archive at the Library of Congress. Highsmith has released her photographs in the collection into the public domain.
Public domain This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Carol M. Highsmith. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
Carol M. Highsmith grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Template:PD-National Photo Company
Public domain This is a press photograph from the National Photo Company Collection at the Library of Congress. According to the library, there are no known restrictions on the use of these photos.
Template:PD-USNWR
Public domain This photograph is a work for hire created between 1952 and 1986 by one of the following staff photographers at U.S. News & World Report:
  • Warren K. Leffler (WKL)
  • Thomas J. O'Halloran (TOH)
  • Marion S. Trikosko (MST)
  • John Bledsoe (JTB)
  • Chick Harrity (CWH)

It is part of a collection donated to the Library of Congress. Per the deed of gift, U.S. News & World Report dedicated to the public all rights it held for the photographs in this collection upon its donation to the Library. Thus, there are no known restrictions on the usage of this photograph.

Photographs in this collection by any other author than those mentioned above might not be in the public domain. It cannot be determined if photographs created by non-staff were works for hire or not.

For more information consult Rights and Restrictions on U.S. News & World Report Magazine Collection.

Template:PD-LOC-911
Public domain The 250 color slides made at the World Trade Towers in New York City on September 11, 2001, received from the New York District Attorney's office from an unattributed photographer, are in the public domain. These slides were received from the New York District Attorney's office with the photographer relinquishing any and all copyright and right of attribution. Therefore, the photographer's name will not be associated with these photographs. Privacy and publicity rights may apply.
Credit line shall read "Courtesy of the Prints and Photographs Division. Library of Congress." [14][15]
Federal Government[edit]

See: PD US Gov

NASA[edit]
Template:PD-USGov-NASA
Public domain This file is in the public domain because it was solely created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)
NASA logo.svg
Dialog-warning.svg
Warnings:
Template:PD-USGov-NASA-AP
Public domain This file is in the public domain because it was created by the Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, of the NASA Johnson Space Center. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (NASA copyright policy page or Conditions of Use of Astronaut Photographs).

Photo source: {{{mission}}}-{{{roll}}}-{{{frame}}}.


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Template:PD-USGov-NASA-SRTM
Public domain
This image uses high-resolution digital topography data from NASA's Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) at JPL-Caltech [19]. It is in the public domain
NASA shuttle
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Template:PD-WorldWind
Public domain
This image is in the public domain because it is a screenshot from NASA’s globe software World Wind using a public domain layer, such as Blue Marble, MODIS, Landsat, SRTM, USGS or GLOBE.

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Globe-worldwind.jpg
Military[edit]
Template:PD-USGov-Military
Public domain This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

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United States Department of Defense Seal.svg
Template:PD-USGov-Military-Air Force
Public domain This image or file is a work of a U.S. Air Force Airman or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image or file is in the public domain.

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Seal of the US Air Force.svg
Template:PD-USGov-Military-Army
Public domain This image is a work of a U.S. Army soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

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Seal of the US Department of the Army.svg
Template:PD-USGov-Military-Army-USACE
Public domain This image or file is a work of a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

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References[edit]

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